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Under the Guidance of: Presented By:

Asst. Professor, Dept of ECE P.LAVANYA (16HP5A0419)
M.HARIKA (15HP1A0469)
• This paper proposes a smart parking system to solve the problem of unnecessary
time consumption in finding parking spot in commercial car park areas.
• A parking reservation system is developed in such a way that users book their
parking spots through IOT.
• In the recent, the concept of smart city has gained appreciation. One of the
important considerations of being a smart city is the Smart Parking facility.
• Finding a particular space to park our vehicle becomes an annoying issue.
• Besides, number of vehicles in like manner rapidly grows once every day.
• It has been seen that the drivers struggle to find a halting extent without thinking
about where parking space is open.
• The request for the parking space prompts to develop the traffic congestion and
excess consumption of fuel.
• To create a optimize solution for the crisis, many technologies evolved but it didn’t
benefit all varying with expense, efficiency, power, accuracy and other factors.
• To create a prototype of a smart parking framework for an urban domain in light of
reservation utilizing Internet of Things (IoT) by using Arduino.
• Initially, our research gives a brief overview of the concept of smart parking system
and the need for IoT devices to be integrated with cloud.
• Currently, most of the existing car parks do not have a systematic system. Most of
them are manually managed and a little inefficient.
• The problem that always occurs at the car park is time being wasted in searching
for the available parking spaces.
• Users will keep on circling the parking area until they found an empty parking
spot. This problem usually occurs in urban areas, where number of vehicles is
higher as compared to the availability of parking spaces.
• These ineffective conditions happened because of the lack of implementation in
technologies which are available in the market today.
• Various systems have been done to ensure smoothness of traffic in car park areas.
From manual implementations used in the old systems, they have evolved into
fully automated, computerized systems.
• Car park entrances are controlled by barrier gates whereby parking tickets are
used extensively for access purpose. With the growth of technology, these systems
have been simplified in many ways.
• As proposed by, RFID technology could be utilized for entering and exiting parking
• Using this approach, queuing time for getting the entrance ticket as well as
payment upon exiting could be completely eliminated. However this method does
not solve the problem of users having to search for available parking lots.
• One of the ways to address this issue is by displaying the number of available
parking spaces at each floor of the parking area using the LCD display.
• Another way is by mounting indication lights on top of each parking lot to inform
the users on parking availability.
• The drawbacks of these methods are that although the searching time is reduced,
users will still need to circle around to look for the empty spaces.
• In some places, users can book their parking spaces online. All they need to do is
to log in into the specified website for the reservation.
• Another technology in smart parking system is that the users are actually guided
to the empty parking spaces by the arrow indicators located at the ceiling. The
users need to make the parking reservation first via online and will receive the
confirmation code through SMS .
• The two magnificent words in IoT are “Internet” and “Things”.
• For the better comprehension of Internet of Things, we state it as,
• Real Objects + Internet + Sensors and Controllers = Internet of Things
• Internet of Things plays a vital role in the creation of Smart Cities.
• The most important factors for the emergence of smart cities are cozy parking
facilities and efficient transportation and management .
• Due to the advancements in the sensor technology and the low-cost features of the
Embedded Systems, we say that applications can be created using Internet of Things.
According to the latest report made by The International Parking Institute, we found
that many innovative parking ideas have been developed.
• They were able to deliver the parking information about the vacant parking lots.
These systems used effective sensors in the parking areas and by tracking information
from various sources and also deployed active data processing units.
• Here our proposed idea could be implemented using a mobile application so the
drivers could get their parking information and reserve the vacant spaces of their wish
as per their vehicle’s width via Wi-Fi or Internet because today almost everyone can
possess a smart phone with them.


Ultrasonic sensor

Ultrasonic sensor Wifi

Ultrasonic sensor Arduino

Ultrasonic sensor

Ultrasonic sensor

Power Supply
• Arduino YUN (Atmega 32u4)
• Ultrasonic sensor
• LCD display
• Wifi module (ESP8266)
• Power supply unit
• Microcontroller Atmega 32u4
• Operating voltage 5v
• Input voltage 5v
• Input voltage (limit) 5v
• Digital i/o pins 20
• PWM Digital i/o pins 7
• Analog Input Pins 12
• USB 2.0 port that can act as host or device, and that can be used to supply the
• 16MB flash memory.
• 64MB of DDR2(double data rate) RAM.
• Common connectivity in the form of serial ports, GPIOs(General Purpose
Input/Output), and common microcontroller functionalities.

• Ultrasonic Sensor: An ultrasonic sensor is as sensor which measures the distance

of respective object by sending the sound wave of specific frequency.
• This sound wave is reflected after the collision with respective object and this
wave is received by the ultra-sonic receiver.
• Distance is measured by calculating sending and receiving time of this sound wave.
• Basic operational diagram of ultrasonic sensor is shown in figure

• 802.11 b/g/n protocol

• Wi-Fi Direct (P2P), soft-AP
• Integrated TCP/IP protocol stack
• Integrated TR switch, LNA, power amplifier and matching network
• Integrated PLL, regulators, and power management units
• +19.5dBm output power in 802.11b mode
• Integrated temperature sensor
• Supports antenna diversity
• Power down leakage current of < 10uA
• Integrated low power 32-bit CPU could be used as application processor
• Standby power consumption of < 1.0mW

• Optimized Parking
• Reduced traffic
• Reduced pollution
• Enhanced user experience
• Increased safety
• Real time data and trend insight
• Decreased management costs
• Increased service and brand image

• shopping malls.
• Restaurants.
• Theaters.
• Aircraft parking apron area.
• Containers traffic control at harbors.

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management system based on wireless sensor network. Acta Automatica
Sin., 32: 877-968.
• [2] Bong, D.B.L., K.C. Ting and K.C. Lai, 2008. Integrated approach in the
design of car-park occupancy information system. IAENG Int. J. Comput.
Sci., 35: 1-8.
• [3] Farhan, B. and A.T. Murray, 2008. Sitting park-and-ride Facilities using
a multi-objective spatial optimization model.
• [4] Bong, D.B.L., K.C. Ting and Rajaee, 2006. Car-park occupancy
information system. Third Real-time technology and applications
symposium, RENTAS 2006, Serdang, Selangor December 2006.
• [5] Ebling, M. and E. De Lara, 2007. New products. IEEE Pervasive
Comput., 6: 11-13.
• [6] Chinrungrueng, J.,U. Sunantachaikul and S. Triamlumlerd, 2007.
Smart parking: An application of optical wireless sensor network.
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Applications and the
internet Workshops, January 15-19, 2007, Hiroshima, pp: 66-69.