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POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT

DRILLING MUD MOTORS

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 1 2/00


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Drilling Technology Overview
Build Rate (deg/100ft, deg/30m)
6 40 72 150
Curvature Long Medium Intermediate Short
M1XL Motors M1XI Motors
Tool Type M1X Motors
Articulated Motors

Collar
(Primary Application) Probe
MWD Type
(Secondary Application) Flexible (Primary Application)

Conventional Composites
Pipe Rotation Premium - Limited Rotation
Sliding - No Rotation

Conventional - No Restrictions

Completions Special

Project Specific

Radius (ft) 1000 140 80 40


Radius (m) 300 43 25 12
© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 2 2/00
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Drilling Technology Overview

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 3 2/00


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Three Point Geometry

 Three Points Define a Circle

 Bisect the 2 Straight Lines

 The Intersection (A) Defines


the Center (Radius) of the
Circle

 a Defines the Tilt Angle

 2 a Defines the arc


© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 4 2/00
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Drilling Tools - Deflection Methods

2 a x 100
BUR=
L1 + L
2

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 5 2/00
6 1/2” and larger AKO set up

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 6 2/00


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4 3/4” & 3 3/4” with 1/2 shells AKO
set up

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 7 2/00


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Half Shell

 Ultra Series 3 1/8, 3 3/4, 4 3/4

 Section 3.5.1 “Half Shell AKO

Adjustment”

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 8 2/00


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Overview
Bearing Deflection Stator By-Pass
Assembly Device Valve

Drive Sub
1 Stage a) Mono Lobe
(Bit Box)
b) Multi Lobe

Drive Sub Universal Joint Rotor


Assembly

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 9 2/00
Fluid Flow Path

Stator
(Elastomer)

Rotor
Direction
Of
Rotation

Fluid Flow

Universal
Joint

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 10 2/00

Power Modules
Lobe Configurations
1/2 2/3 3/4

5/6 7/8 9/10

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 11 2/00

Power Modules
Elastomer
Performance Limitations

Definition

ELASTOMER = ELAST IC POLY MER

Primary Characteristic
Ability to deform substantially under application of a force
and snap back to original shape when force is removed

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


All rights reserved. Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 12 2/00

Power Modules
Elastomer
Performance Limitations

Specific Elastomer Types

System A * Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Standard Temp.**< 130°C(265°F)


Sysetm C Oil Based Mud Systems High Temp.** <180°C (360°F)
System D Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Standard Temp.**<130°C (265°F)
Improved Wear Resistance
Sysetm F Oil/Water Based Mud Systems Temp.** <160°C (320°F)
High Chemical Resistance

* not in use anymore ** Circulating Temperature

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated


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Positive Displacement Motors 303-020. 13 2/00

Power Modules
Engineering Drilling Systems


Navi-Drill
Ultra Series Motors

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 14 2/00


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Ultra Series Motors
4 3/4" Tool Size

Top Sub Motor Section

Half Shell AKO Bearing Section ND4-5S

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 15 2/00


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Ultra Series Motors
Torque [ftlbs x 1000]

700
10
600

Speed [ rpm]
8
500

6 400

300
4
200
2
100

0 0
1/2 3/4 5/6 7/8 9/10 11/12

Motor Configuration
Basis for comparison:
Size - 6-3/4”, Flow rate - 475 GPM, Constant motor length,
Same number of stages, Same pressure drop across entire motor,
Same lobe geometry, Same efficiency.
© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 16 2/00
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Ultra Series Motors
Thread Optimization
Example  Tool Size 4.3/4", Stator thread
:  Same Loadcase (MUT)
Old design:
 Stress contours
min.

New design:

max.

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 17 2/00


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Extreme Motor

X-treme Technology

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 18 2/00


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X-treme Power Section
 High power and torque output
– 60% higher than conventional
mud motors
 Higher efficiency
 Contoured stator manufacturing
process
 90% reduction in rubber content
– Lower friction
– Lower distortion

Delivers reliability improvements


and extended run times
© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 19 2/00
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Technology

 Reduced amount of Elastomer allows for increased


efficiency and greater power output than Ultra.

 Allows for 30-40 degrees F increased heat


resistance (295° F with standard elastomer)

 Robust design means fewer trips and longer


maintenance cycle time saving rig time.

 12-3/4" design will accept higher flow requirements


( up to 1740 gpm) of latest rig hydraulics packages.

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 20 2/00


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6-3/4” X-treme
 Why high speed motors instead of turbines?
– Torque at bit proportional to motor differential
pressure (easy control)
– Greater torque capabilities, use of more aggressive
bits possible
– Higher flow rate at same pressure drop
– Increased lifetime of bit (better cooling, no stalling)
– Higher efficiency at reduced flow rate
– Shorter length
– Use of Thrusters possible

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 21 2/00


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Half Shell Adjustable Kick-Off (AKO)
 Cylindrical Thread replaced by Tapered Thread
– Improved Bending Moment Capacity
– Reduced Potential of Thread Galling
– Almost all tooth flanks are in contact
– stronger box
 Reduced Number of thread connections

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 22 2/00


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X-treme Benefits

 Increased ROP
 Higher Power Output
 Better Volumetric Efficiency
 Better Durability
 More Downhole Operating Hours
 Longer Maintenance Interval
 Broader Operating Range (e.g. Flowrate Regime,
Range of Borehole Diameter)

© 1995 Baker Hughes Incorporated 303-020. 23 2/00


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