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ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC

PURPOSES
SAKINAH RAHMA S E P T YA N A S I A N I PA R
Guided By:
2151121047
Anggraini Thesisia S, M.Hum.
2151121050

SUCI APRIANI VIVI ANDRIANI


2151121054 2153121048
PRESENTS

BRIEF HISTORY OF
ESP
END OF WORLD WAR II

This era heralded an age of Nonnative speakers saw it as the


enormous and unprecedented new lingua franca that responded
expansion in scientific, technical and to their needs of cross-cultural
economic activity on an communication, business doing,
international scale. This expansion and information sharing
created a world unified and (Teodorescu, 2010).
dominated by two forces –
technology and commerce – which
in their relentless progress soon
generated a demand for
international language.
LINGUI Traditionally the aim of
linguistic had been to

ST_ describe the rule of English


usage that is the grammar.

IC However, the new studies


shifted attention away from
defining the formal
1 9 6 0 S features of language usage
to discovering the ways in
which language is used in
real communication.

REVOLUTION
(Widdowson, 1978).
FOCUS ON
LEARNERS

ILLUSTRATIONS

Learners were seen to have different needs and


interest which would have an important influent
on their motivation to learn and therefore on the
effectiveness of them learn. The clean relevance
of the English course to their needs would
improve the learners’ motivation and thereby
make learning better and faster.
CONCLUSION
Thus, the early beginnings of English for Specific
Purposes (ESP) in the 1960s emphasized the grammatical
analysis of technical texts. By the end of the decade,
discourse analysis gained relevance and in the 1970s,


emphasis on students’ necessary skills resulted in the
development of needs analyses. During the 1980s, the
learner-centered approach gathered strength and
materials development productions attempted to The development of ESP has
respond to this new trend. The last twenty years have come so far started from the
seen the spur of ESP as a vast theoretical and research 1960s caused by end of the

ground. world war II, linguistic


revolutions and the focus of
HISTORIES learners.
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