Islamic Art

Mr. Lopez World Geography

In many ways it is a more determining factor in the experience of its followers than any other world religion. his politics and his faith. and will introduce no separation between his life and religion.Introduction ‡ Islam is much more than a formal religion: it is an integral way of life. With its strong emphasis on fulfilling the will of Allah. Islam has become one of the most influential . The Muslim ("One who submits") lives face to face with Allah at all times.

. as set out in the Qur¶an and handed down in the sayings of Muhammad forms the core of the religion.) an Arab merchant from Mecca.D. These teachings were revealed to him over a period of many years beginning in 610 and were written in the text known as the Qur¶an. a religious code. The word of God.The Religion ‡ The principles and teachings of Islam as a way of life. and a legal system were initiated by Muhammad (ca. 570±632 A.

and the others that preceded Muhammad. who alone is the creator. Moses. . sustainer. and destroyer of life. The recognition of Muhammad as Allah¶s last prophet. a renunciation of all deities except one.³ here to the single entity of Allah. Islam is Arabic for ´submission. is also a key element of the belief. Jesus. a prophet like Abraham.The Religion The primary premise of the Islamic faith is monotheism. Allah.

Why Art? ‡ Islamic art conveys the spirituality and quintessential message of Islam through a timeless language which precisely because of its timelessness as well as its direct symbolism. is more effective and less problematic than most of the theological explanations of Islam. .

intelligible.Why Art? ‡ It is the serene. . structured and highly spiritual character of Islamic art which more than any other element leads to a correct understanding of the culture that is Islam.

Why Art? ‡ For an American audience an introduction to Islamic Art can represent the first step toward penetrating the history of a religion and a culture that are often in the news but are little understood. .

It considers beauty to be a divine quality and says that god loves beauty. . Islam does not consider art and beauty as a luxury.Islam & Art ‡ Contrary to modern ideas.

. both sources take a firm stance against idolatry and the worship of images.Islam & Art Neither the Qur¶an nor the Traditions contain specific mandates against figural representation in art. These beliefs were interpreted strictly by early Islamic religious leaders and as a rule against the depiction of human or animal figures. However.

square. duplicated. They are made up of a small number of repeated geometric elements. ‡ The simple forms of the circle. and arranged in intricate combinations.The Three Principles 1. . and straight line are the basis of the patterns. interlaced. ‡ These elements are combined.

Islamic designs often have a background and foreground pattern. ‡ The placement of pattern upon pattern serves to flatten the space.The Three Principles 2. ‡ Artists of the Islamic world were largely uninterested in linear perspective . They are two-dimensional.

. They are not designed to fit within a frame. the frame surrounding a pattern appears to be arbitrary and the basic arrangement sometimes provides a unit from which the rest of the design can be both predicted and projected.The Three Principles 3. ‡ The complex arrangements and combinations of elements are infinitely expandable.

reminding him wherever he was of the divine presence. . a most precious support for the Islamic ideals of life and living. into all the moments of a man's life.Conclusion Islamic art was the means whereby the spirit of Islam penetrated into all types and modes of activity. and continues to be. Art was.

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