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A presentation on Sleeve & cotter joint failures.

A presentation on Sleeve & cotter joint failures.

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COTTER JOINT

PRESENTED BY : BHAVYA DHORU - 160110120012

NISHIT KARKAR – 160110120024

GUIDED BY : PROF. SAURIN SETH

Sleeve and cotter joint

A Sleeve and cotter joint is used to connect two round rods or shafts. In this type of joint, a

sleeve or muff is used over the two rods and then two cotters (one on each rod end) are inserted in

the holes provided for them in the sleeve and rods. The taper of cotter is usually 1 in 24.

It may be noted that the taper sides of the two cotters should face each other as shown in Fig.

The clearance is so adjusted that when the cotters are driven in, the two rods come closer to

each other thus making the joint tight.

The various notations for the sleeve and cotter joint are as follows :

L = Length of sleeve,

d = diameter of shaft, 𝒕𝒅 = Thickness of cotter,

d1 = Outside diameter of sleeve,

b = Width of cotter,

d2 = Inside diameter of sleeve,

l = Length of cotter,

Distance of the rod end (a) from the beginning to the cotter hole (inside the

sleeve end) = Distance of the rod end (c) from its end to the cotter hole

= 1.25 d

1. Failure of the rods in tension

2. Failure of the rod in tension across the weakest

section (i.e. slot).

3. Failure of the rod or cotter in crushing.

4. Failure of sleeve in tension across the slot.

5. Failure of cotter in shear.

6. Failure of rod end in shear.

7. Failure of sleeve end in shear.

1. Failure of the rods in tension.

The rods may fail in tension due to the tensile load P .

𝜋

We know that, Area resisting tearing = 𝑑 2

4

𝜋

∴ Tearing strength of the rods = 𝑑 2 𝜎𝑡

4

𝜋

P = 𝑑 2 𝜎𝑡

4

* 𝜎𝑡 , τ and 𝜎𝑐 = Permissible tensile, shear and crushing stresses respectively for the

material of the rods and cotter

2. Failure of the rod in tension across the weakest section

(i.e. slot).

Since the weakest section is that section of the rod which has a slot in it for the cotter,

𝜋

area resisting tearing of the rod across the slot = 𝑑22 − 𝑑2 𝑡

4

𝜋

Hence, tearing strength of the rod across the slot = 𝑑22 − 𝑑2 𝑡 𝜎𝑡

4

𝜋

∴ Load(P) = 𝑑22 − 𝑑2 𝑡 𝜎𝑡

4

From this equation, the diameter of enlarged end of the rod (𝑑2 ) may be obtained.

3. Failure of the rod or cotter in crushing.

We know that the area that resists crushing of a rod or cotter = 𝑑2 𝑡

∴ Crushing strength = 𝑑2 𝑡 𝜎𝑐

Equating this to load (P), we have

P = 𝑑2 𝑡 𝜎𝑐

4. Failure of sleeve in tension across the slot.

𝜋

We know that the resisting area of sleeve across the slot = 𝑑12 −

4

𝑑22 − (𝑑1 − 𝑑2 )𝑡

𝜋

∴ Tearing strength of the sleeve across the slot = 𝑑12 − 𝑑22 − (𝑑1 − 𝑑2 )𝑡 𝜎𝑡

4

𝜋 2

P= 𝑑1 − 𝑑22 − (𝑑1 − 𝑑2 )𝑡 𝜎𝑡

4

From this equation, the outside diameter of sleeve (d1) may be obtained.

5.Failure of cotter in shear.

Since the cotter is in double shear,

therefore shearing area of the cotter = 2 b t

Equating this to load (P), we have

P=2btτ

6. Failure of rod end in shear.

therefore area resisting shear of the rod end = 2 𝑎 𝑑2

Equating this to load (P), we have

P = 2 𝑎 𝑑2 τ

From this equation, distance (𝑎) may be determined

7. Failure of sleeve end in shear.

therefore the area resisting shear of the sleeve end = 2 𝑑1 − 𝑑2 𝑐

Equating this to load (P), we have

P = 2 𝑑1 − 𝑑2 𝑐 𝜏

Advantages of Sleeve and Cotter Joint:

1.This joint is the simplest cotter joint in existence.

2.It is quite rigid and can take both tensile and compressive loads.

3.It can be easily assembled and dismantled.

4.The joint can also be used to connect similar pipes, tubes

1.Rectangular rods and dissimilar cylindrical rods cannot be connected using this

joint.

2.Unlike the universal joint, a sleeve and cotter joint does not allow angular

misalignment between its cylindrical members.

3.It cannot connect cylindrical members which undergo rotation.

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