You are on page 1of 21



‡ Commonly abbreviated as Y ~ Y 

‡ Interface between hardware and software in a
computer system.
‡ Responsible for the management and
coordination of activities and the sharing of
the limited resources of the computer
‡ Almost all computers, including  
,   ~
, and even
 use an operating systems of some

‡ Users may also interact through the operating
system using some kind of software or hardware
which offers a user interface (UI), like keyboard
typing commands to command line interface
(CLI) or using a keyboard and mouse with
graphical user interface (GUI, commonly
pronounced ³gooey´).

‡ Common contemporary operating systems
include the following:
Ł Mac OS
Ł Windows
Ł Linux
Ł Solaris
x Y 
‡ Every computer must have a master program
that coordinates the flow of information from
computer from:

Disk Computer

Disk Computer

‡ Manufactured by Microsoft. Hence,  

‡ If purchased from IBM, 
x Y 
‡ A system software the serves as an interpreter
between the human user and the computer
Ł Allows the human user to issue commands which the
computer executes
Ł Makes the computer display messages which can be
understood by the user
Ł Manages resources like data, input
and output devices and CPU
x Y 
‡ a 
Ł Process of loading the OS into the memory of the
Ł 2 Types
  to turn on the computer
   to reset the computer

Ł Input device which writes magnetic spots on
Ł Data are stored as magnetic spots
x Y 
‡ G 
Ł The information stored in a disk is grouped into units
called files
Ł Is a group or collection of related pieces of data
Ł Names are assigned to each file for the purpose of
Ł Format of a file:
J uÚ £.u 
J G    for easy access and ID
J     Ô to know where file was
x Y 
‡       
Ł exe Ô executable file
Ł xls Ô MS Excel
Ł doc Ô MS Word (document)
Ł ppt Ô MS Powerpoint
Ł Partition or subÔgroup in a drive which contains files
Ł       ± outermost directory
Ł   ± subÔgroup in a drive
‡ Is a Graphical User Interphase which makes it
easier to use the computer and the software
‡ aka Human Computer Interaction (HCI)
‡ 3 Tasks performed by GUI
1. Click/point icons
2. Select commands from pull down menu
3. Open dialogue boxes (miniÔwindows)
 Y 

Ł c:£windows/win
 Y 

Ł program manager, multiÔtasking features
 Y 

Ł contains office assistant (animated feature in help)
 Y 

Ł able to trace pirated software through the internet
 Y 

‡         
{   Y
1. An environment that makes it easy to work
with many helpful tools
2. Instead of typing and remembering complex
sequences of commands, Windows lets you
select pictures of tasks and data called ICONS
3. The ability to arrange information in multiple
windows on screen
Ł Windows can be resized or repositioned
to look at several tasks at once by
clicking minimize and maximize buttons
Ł Program manager
{   Y
 . The ability to run several programs at the same
time (multiÔtasking)
5. File management tools that require minimum
typing and show a clear visual file structure
Ł Windows explorerÔviews/accesses and manipulates
files stored in disks
6. A collection of accessories that make jobs
{   Y
Ł Basic Accessory features of Windows
J ^  ± used for storing brief notes or even
short documents
J  ,   ,   
J   accessory
‡ A group of powerful programs designed to easily
share information between programs that run on
top of the Windows OS
   ± is a word processing program that
enables creation of all kinds of documents: letters,
memos, reports, newsletters, etc.
    ± is a spreadsheet program that enables
tracking and calculation of data and
creation of charts
    ± is a presentation graphics
program which creates professional quality
presentations which can be used for
J overhead projectors
J 35mm slides
J paper
J computer monitor