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÷  
BACKGROUND:
×Renounced his life of wealth and comfort and
dedicated more than 40 years of his life to the
education of the children of the poor;
×To be more effective, he abandoned his family
home, moved in with the teachers, renounced his
position as Canon and formed a new community
of lay religious teachers.
÷  
×The fundamental principle of St. John Baptist de la
Salle was dependence on the WILL OF GOD;
×The cultivation of the spirit of faith, piety,
mortification and obedience was his primary
concern;
×For him, ƠMan had a destiny, and the teacher was
to inculcate this truth by cultivating and developing
the theological virtues in the souls of children.ơ
—— 
BACKGROUND:
×
 F Tz or
 the Master is do btedly oe
of the worldƞs reatest teachers;
×He was prepared to istr ct his st dets i virt ally
all the disciplies of his time. He was a oe-
oe-ma
iversity;
×His etire teachi was practical ad ethical rather
tha reliio s;
×He was oe of the most importat idivid als i
Chiese history ad its 1st reat social philosopher,
ed cator ad thier.
—— 
×To Confucius, reciprocity or shu impels people to
see propriety or Ơreverenceơ or li in all social and
religious behaviors. Propriety has to be manifested
in the basic relationships in society;
×He saw the human self as a node, not an entity.
The self is a meeting place where lives intersect;
×Becoming a fully realized human being or chun tzu,
is attained by living ones role in the family,
community, nation and in all of humanity.
×For Confucius, a well-
well-lived life is one where we live
with Ơcompassionơ and Ơloving othersơ and we can
show this by practicing the golden rule ƠDo not do
to others what you do not wish for yourself.ơ
 
BACKGROUND
× The legendary Lao Tzu was the founding spirit of
Taoism, a system of thining and living with The
Way or Tao;
× The term Lao Tzu is not a name but a title that
means ƠGrand Old Master.ơ
 
× Lao Tzu believed that human life, lie everything else
in the universe, is constantly influenced by outside
forces;
× He believed Ơsimplicityơ to be the ey to truth and
freedom;
× He encouraged his followers Ơto observe, and see to
understand the laws of nature; to develop intuition
and build up personal power; and to use that power
to lead life with love, and without force.ơ
     
BACKGROUND
× Buddhism traces its origin to Siddharta Gautama, a
Hindu by birth, who felt that revitalization was
necessary;
× After a life of luxury at his fatherƞs palace, and later
of extreme penance, he realized that the true path
was the ƠMiddle Wayơ;
× The Middle way is the balance between being too
easy and being too hard on oneself. This insight
came after a long period of meditation under the
Wisdom tree or the Bodhi that made him into the
Buddha or the Awaened One.
     
He believes that
× Ơif a man lives a pure life, nothing can destroy him. To
live a pure unselfish life, one must count nothing as oneƞs
own in the midst of abundanceơ
× ƠWithout health, life is not a life; it is only a state of
languor and suffering ƛ an image of death.ơ
× The goal was not to live a completely worldly life, nor
was it to live a life in complete denial of the physical
body, but to live in a ƠMiddle Way.ơ
× The way out of suffering was through concentration, and
since the mind is connected to the body, denying the
body would hamper concentration, just as
overindulgence would distract one from concentration.
  
BACKGROUND
× Lie Christianity, Islam has a single founder, Muhammad;
× He stands out among the religious leaders of history for the
diversity of his qualities and achievements:
- a mystic and saint ƛ when he was 40, he felt God speaing
to him; instructed by Allah, he shared these revelations with
others; he ran in trouble in his city, Mecca, and had to flee
to Medina.
- a politician ƛ in Medina, he developed into an astute
politician who organized the city into the 1st Islamic society.
- a military leader ƛ his success in Medina prompted the
leaders of Mecca to send their armies but Muhammad was
victorious and cleansed the city of its idols and religious
trafficing and transformed it into the focal point of Muslim
devotion and pilgrimage centered on the Kaƞbah.
  
Muhammadƞs message, written down in the Holy Qurƞan:
× ƠLife is oneness. At the heart of it is the oneness or
tawid of Allah. Because Allah is one, to feel the reality
of Allah is to bring a peace-
peace-giving unity and powerful
focus to oneƞs life.ơ
× ƠBelieving in and feeling Allah, one is centered,
rooted, concentrated.ơ
× ƠHuman life ought to comprise a unity and not to be
departmentalized; everything originates from the one
God, worship of whom is the human beingƞs primary
purpose.ơ
 
BACKGROUND
× An advocate of simple living, Gandhi ate a vegetarian
diet and made his own clothes; the spinning wheel
became a symbol of his uncluttered lifestyle;
× His union with his wife became, as he himself stated,
that of a brother and sister;
× Refusing earthly possessions, he wore the loincloth of
and shawl of the lowliest Indian and subsisted on
vegetables, fruit juices and goatƞs mil.
× Indians revered him as a saint and began to call him
Mahatma (great-
(great-souled), a title reserved for the
greatest sages.
 

× He lived a spiritual and ascetic life of prayer,


fasting and meditation;
× Gandhiƞs advocacy of non-
non-violence, nown as
ahimsa (non-
(non-violence), was the expression of a
way of life implicit in the Hindu religion.