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OUTLINE

INTRODUCTION

THE CURRENT
SITUATION
A TRUE STORY

CAUSES & SOLUTIONS

CONCLUSION
The current situation
Population in Vietnam is 95.414.640 in 2017 for
1.27% of the world population. Vietnam ranks 14th
in the rankings of countries and territories.
• 308 people / km2.
• Area of 310,060 km2.

Ho Chi Minh City


• Total area 2,095.5km2
• Population: 8,136.3 thousand.
• Population density : 3,888 people / km2,
accounted for 21.3% of GDP and 29.38% of
total national budget.
Area Ho Chi Population Ho Chi Minh
8,43% Minh city City
8.53%
Other Other

91,57% 91.47%

Viet Nam Ho Chi Minh

Area 310,060 km2. 2,095.5km2

. Population 95.414.640 8,136.300

Population density 308 people / km2 3,888 people / km2


• Some old apartment in District one, HCM City does not have exit entrance and fire
protection system.
• If the old buildings have the exit entrance, it still has a lot of risk
• In some new and modern building, the exit entrance is usually locked or the fire protection
system does not work.
A TRUE
STORY

CARINA PLAZA
INCIDENT
34 fire-fighting
trucks

200+firemen
2 hours to control
the blaze
Hundreds of
people rescued
“Suffocation”
– the
condition in
which you
can not
13 people were killed
breathe any
and more than 50 others
more.
injured in the Carina Plaza
incident.
Burned 13 cars,
150 motorbikes.

The Carina Left hundreds of


people to
Plaza fire homeless situation.

Caused great loss


in money & property
for the residents.

According to the local authority, the Carina Plaza blaze is one of


the DEADLIEST in the city’s history, only surpassed by the one
that killed 60 people at the six-story International Trade Center in
October 2002.
CAUSES &
SOLUTIONS
Causes of fire in buildings

Subjective Causes

The investor does not follow the fire safety


regulations.
• Lack of fire protection system, incomplete
or non-acceptance of the operation
qualification.
• 470 old apartments in HCM don’t have
the fire protection system.
• 500 new apartment don’t have apartment
administrator.
The resident:
• Lack of responsibility
• Careless use of electricity
• Carelessly use of the kitchen
Objective Causes

• Cause of lighting equipment


The installation of lights too close to the
ceiling, the wall is one of the causes of
fires.

• The Government
When test the result of completed
construction, the authorities do not follow • Motorcycle fuel tank
the rule, do the test carelessly. The basement garage located in
the residential area, contains more
than 3000 vehicles, with the high
temperatures, the fuel and the
electrical equipment
It is very easy to cause the fire.
• For buildings
• For residents
• For objective reasons

SOLUTIONS
For business:
• Inspection, maintenance of the fire alarm system
installed in the building.

• Strictly control the use of fire sources, heat


sources, flame-generating equipment, heat
generation and electric systems in buildings.

• Advise people living in apartment buildings to raise


awareness of fire prevention in each apartment.

• Organize fire prevention and fighting.

• In each building should be installed fire alarm


system Safe.One in the basement and the service
floor of the building.
Safe.One System
For resident
• Each apartment should be equipped with fire-fighting and rescue means such as portable fire
extinguishers, respirators, escalators ...

• Regularly coordinate with the FPF Police Department in organizing training courses on fire
prevention.

• Training for children on fire prevention and fighting.


For objective reasons:

Steps to avoid smoke from being trapped in a fire with only a


mattress
Note: wet mattress as much as possible to limit smoke.

1. Take a mattress (shown in blue) at an angle of


about 45 degrees and you go inside.
2. For the window : leave a clearance of about 30cm so that the 3. For the balcony: put the mattress so that the
smoke can slide through the mattress and lift it out. bottom of it contact the floor and walls and then
go into the smoke.
CONCLUSION
The Current Situation Causes & Solutions
• The population of Ho
Chi Minh City & Vietnam  Causes:
• The current situation of • Subjective causes
fire protection in • Objective causes
buildings.

A True Story  Solutions:


• For buildings
• For residents
• The story of Carina Plaza
• For objective reasons
incidents
• Some other cases of
buildings in fire
• Common features of fire
in buidings
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