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# Presentation on determination of water

potential
INTRODUCTION
 Legedadi catchment was located to the east of Addis Ababa and part
of the drainage system that forms the northwest corner of the Awash
river basin.
 The catchment area of Legedadi watershed is estimated at 205 km2.
 It is drained by five of small streams. These are:-
• lege beri, lege sekoru, lege bolo, lege sendafa & south tributary
 The elevations of the catchment range from 2400 m.a.s.l. to 3228
m.a.s.l.
OBJECTIVES
 GENERAL OBJECTIVE

##  The main objective of this project is to determine the

water potential of the Legedadi catchment by using the
HEC- HMS model.
 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

##  To study the HEC- HMS model

 To compare the water potential of the catchment with the
demand of the town.
 To determine the water potential of the catchment at two
points.
BACKGROUND OF THE CATCHMENT
 The study area is located about 25 km from Addis Ababa
in the east direction.
The catchment is bounded by latitude 9o01' N – 9o13' N
and longitude 38o60' E - 39o07' E.
The mean monthly temperature is between 16oC and 26oC
throughout the year.
There are four types of soils in the catchment area on
which crops grows annually. Theses soils are Koticha
(Black vertisol soil), Dalecha (Grey soil), Gembore (Light
soil) and Key (Red soil),
DETERMINATION OF WATER DEMAND
Design period and population forecasting
For our case, the design period of 21 year is selected.
The population of the town at the end of the design
period is determined by using the Ethiopian Statistical
Authority (CSA) method.
The initial data that we got from the Addis Ababa town
water supply design report and other literature for the
projection of future population and demand are:-
Initial population @ 2007 = 2,738,248
Composition of per capita domestic water demand of year
2009 by demand category(i.e HC 80l/l/d, YC 40l/c/d and
PTU 30 l/c/d)
Percentage of population to be served by each demand
category
Annual growth rate
Forecasted population(

(%)

## 2007 3.7 2738248

2015 3.5 3623058
2020 3.3 4273009
2025 3.1 4989413
2030 3.0 5796871
2035 2.9 6701412
Projected per capita water demand by demand category
(l/c/d)(Qn = Qo*e^kn)

Category

## HTU 80 90.20 99.69 119.35 135.24 153.24

YTU 40 49.05 59.30 53.35 58.37 63.87
PTU 30 31.86 33.49 34.65 36.24 37.91
Since the mean annual RF of Addis Ababa is 1257, the
adjustment factor for the climatic effect 0.9.
Addis Ababa town is also classified as the town under the
normal Ethiopian condition at present, therefore, the
socio- economic factor for the Addis Ababa is 1.00.
 Adjusted average per capita domestic water demand (l/c/d)
Adjustme 2009 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035
nt factor

CF SEF
0.9 1.0
HTU 80.0 90.2 99.7 119.3 135.2 153.2
YTU 40.0 49.1 59.3 53.4 58.4 63.9
PTU 30.0 31.9 33.5 34.6 36.2 37.9
HTU 6% 9% 11% 12% 13% 14%
YTU 28% 41% 49% 55% 60% 65%
PTU 66% 50% 40% 33% 27% 21%
32.22 39.74 48.08 49.59 56.15 63.84
Adjusted average daily domestic water demand (m3/d)

## Year 2009 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035

per capita
domestic demand
(l/c/d) 32.22 39.74 48.08 49.59 56.15 63.84
Projected 579687 670141
Population 2948564 3623058 4273009 4989413 1 2
Daily domestic 325503 427808
demand (m3/d) 95002.7 143984.1 205428.5 247413.9 .1 .6
 NON DOMESTIC DEMAND
Public demand is assumed to be 25% of the domestic
demand since the town has many public centers
Industrial demand is assumed to be 20% of the domestic
demand
Fire fighting demand is assumed to be 10% of the
domestic demand
Water loss is assumed to be 39.5% of the domestic
demand
Average daily water demand

Year Domestic Public(m3/d) Industrial(m3 Fire(m3/d Loss(m3/d Non Total average Total average
demand(m3/d /d) domestic(m3/ day day
d) demand(m3/d demand(l/s)

2009

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

## 427808.61 106952.15 85561.72 42780.86 168984.4 404279.14 832087.75 9630.65

Therefore, the total required demand at the end of the
design period is 9630.65 l/s (9.631 m3/s)
As we get information from the AAWSA, 60% of the
 Therefore, the total required demand at the end of the
design period is 5778.39 l/s (5.8 m3/s)
HEC - HMS INPUT DATA AND RESULTS
Extracted channel network of the Legedadi Catchment
Shape file of the Legedadi catchment
 Sub basin initial and constant loss method and Snyder Transform method data

## Sub Loss Loss Loss Transfor Transfor

basin Paramet Paramet Paramet m m
er er er Paramet Paramet
er er
Initial Constant Impervio tp (hr) Cp
(in) (in/hr) us
Lege 0.02 0.14 9 0.20 0.16
(beri,
sekoru,
fule)
Lege 0.02 0.14 10 0.28 0.16
(bolo,
seudafa)
South 0.02 0.14 8 0.20 0.16
 Sub basin area and base flow data

## Sub basin Area(m2) Initial Threshold Recession

flow(cfs/m2 ratio to constant
) peak
1. 45.6 0.54 0.1 0.79
Lege(berin,
sekoru,fule)
2. 55 0.54 0.1 0.79
Lege(bolo,
seudafa)
3. South - 13.75 0.54 0.1 0.79
east
 Precipitation gage weights

## Sub basin Sendafa Addis Ababa

1. Lege (beri, 1 0
sekoru, fule)
2. Lege (bolo, 0.2 0.8
seudafa)
3. South east 0 0.8
Routing criteria for reaches

## From To Method Sub Parame

reach trs
1. Reach Lege Jun 1 Muskin 5 K =0.6,
2 (beri, gum x = 0.2
sekoru,
fule)
2. Reach Lege Jun 2 Modifie 3 Table
1 (bolo, d plus below
seudafa)
Storage Discharge Function
Storage (1000m3) Discharge (m3/s)
0 0
200 37
450 38
750 39
1,100 40
1,600 240
2,100 610
2,104 930
2,700 1,400
RESULT AND DICUSION
Result of (HEC-HMS)

## Hydrologic Drainage area(ml2) Peak

element discharge(cfs)
Lege(balo,sendafa) 55 52.2
Lege 45.6 41.0
(bari,sekoru,fule)
Junction 1 100.6 93.3
South East 13.75 5.5
Junction 2 13.75 5.5
Junction 3 114.35 98.8
Average discharge 296.30