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Suction Pumps

Topics
 Principles of operation
 Diagrams
 Applications
 Types of suction pumps
 Safety
 Operation
 Preventive maintenance
 Common failure modes
 Basic troubleshooting
Principles of Operation
 Suction generated using a pump
 Pump powered by electrical motor or foot pedal
 Pump moves piston up and down
 Piston attached to air tight diaphragm
 Pulls air in from collection container through one-way
valve to reduce pressure
 Reduced pressure draws fluid from patient via
tubing
 Fluid remains in bottle until disposal
 Valve prevents fluid from passing into motor
 Motor speed determines suction strength
Principles of Operation
Connection Tubing

Shell Air
Vacuum
Intake
Diagrams Barb
Gauge
Power
Switch
Patient
Tubing Power
Input Source
Indicator

Collection Battery
Container Condition
Indicators
Collection
Container Vacuum
Holder Power
Indicator

Power
Cord
Vacuum Power Input/Electrical
Regulator Input Receptacle
Diagrams Motor

Air intake
from
Air intake collection
to pump container

Vacuum
gauge
Air
exhaust
from Vacuum
Pump regulator

Electrical
input
receptacle
Grounding
ribbon
Grounding
plate
Power

Diagrams Distribution
Board

Power
Supply

Battery
Applications
 Used to remove fluid from body cavities
 Removal of:
 Surgical fluids in the operative field
 Mucosal secretions
 Used in patients with compromised swallowing or coughing
Safety

 ALWAYS use PPE when working with suction pumps


 Pumps come in direct contact with bodily fluids
 Wash hands immediately after removing gloves
 Never fill the collection container more than 75% full
 Liquid will enter pump
 Before using, read the owner's manual
Operation
 Position the unit close to patient
 Plug into AC power (do not use extension cords)
 Attach first suction tubing from pump suction control to
collection bottle outlet
 Attach second suction tubing to collection bottle inlet
Operation
 Check all components and connections for tight fit
 Turn suction pump on (on/off electrical switch)
 Crimp tubing coming from the collection bottle inlet
 In order to test full range of suction
 Adjust suction to desired level while observing vacuum gauge
 Initiate suction procedure
Preventive Maintenance
 Daily
 Clean filters
 Clean air vents
 Disinfect jars, tubing, other components that come into contact w/ patient fluids between
each use in solution of water, detergent, and disinfectant
 Change bacteria filter if wet or discolored
 Check collection bottle/jar for cracks, chips, and other damage
 Make sure there is a sufficient supply of bacterial filters
 Check that float valve moves freely

 1-3 months
 Clean or replace air intake filter
 Clean brushes on motors as necessary
 Inspect power cord and plug
 Ensure vacuum works over full range of suction pressures if there is a control/knob
 Verify that overflow valve (float valve) works properly when container is filled with water
 Grounding resistance between chassis and ground pin should not exceed 0.5 ohms
Common Failures
 Most common: Clogs, Leaks, Motor Failure
 Leaks:
 Tube leak
 Jar/lid leak (bad O-ring, possibly)
 Tube blockage or kink
 Missing/damaged parts:
 Bad motor
 Bad power supply
 No collection bottle
 No filter
 Clogged bacterial filter
 Float valve closes air pathway with full collection jar
 Insufficient pressure/suction
 Ventilation grill obstructed
 Suction control knob is set to a low setting
 Diaphragm needs cleaning or replacing
 Brushes need cleaning
 Motor needs lubrication
Basic
Trouble-
shooting
Basic
Trouble-
shooting