Enterprise Virtual Array service and support

Concepts and terminology

Instructor Notes
This module provides a lot of the theoretical basis for VCS code and how the virtualization software operates. It defines the terms that you need to know and then explores more deeply the concepts behind the terms. At this point, you might want to refer students to Appendix B, Space allocation, for a more indepth look at and issues regarding disk allocation, metadata, disk failure, and occupancy level.

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Enterprise Virtual Array service and support

Concepts and terminology

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as shown in the updated SSSU commands. Rev. however. 3.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes The term cell is used primarily by Engineering.33 4 . it is being replaced by storage system or system.

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Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes Note: Even though you may manage up to 16 storage systems per Storage Management Appliance. For example. ‡ In a VRAID5 virtual disk. ‡ A PSEG is not related to the selected redundancy level of the virtual disk. 3. if a disk group has two RSSs. and then written to disk.33 6 . the system writes the first chunk of data to one disk drive. when available. a drive can fail in both RSSs and we will still have VRAID 5 and VRAID 1 availability. the fifth disk contains the parity data. then writes the next chunk to the next disk drive. when a large write (or read) is issued. ‡ A virtual disk is built of multiple PSEGs from all the disk drives in a disk group. Notes about chunk size: ‡ A chunk is the amount of space on a virtual disk that is read or written to any one physical disk before the next physical disk is accessed. Rev. after the fourth disk is written. ‡ Data that is smaller than the chunk size is held in write cache and consolidated with more data. ‡ Provide failure separation to prevent meltdown. performance demands may require you to add an appliance much sooner. Notes about PSEGs: ‡ A PSEG is the smallest physical disk space allocated on a disk drive. Notes about RSSs: ‡ Just give an introduction to RSSs here. refer to detail contained in later slides.

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3.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes Tell students that these terms may be more meaningful if viewed in the context of virtual disk redundancy levels. which will be discussed in detail later.33 10 . Rev.

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but no more than 512 are supported. 3.024TB. The maximum is presently 1. The data structure can only handle 2TB worth of blocks minus one block. Because Command View can only handle 1GB increments. Rev.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes So the maximum size is 1. The maximum of 512 virtual disks is also not a hard stop.999TB. Sun Solaris does not yet support the 2TB maximum.33 12 . it must be reduced by a whole GB.

Rev.33 13 . 3. The TechBB has a thread discussing this aspect of performance testing.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes The first written bit has implications primarily for performance testing and benchmarking performance.

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Rev. The leveling process activates whenever the EVA detects an opportunity to improve utilization. The process redistributes each virtual disk¶s blocks proportionally across all spindles in that disk group. 3. This process is transparent and does not affect ongoing client workloads. The following information is in the Student Guide.33 17 .Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes Discuss leveling as necessary. The EVA uses a data-leveling algorithm to balance performance and capacity across all disk drives within the disk group. such as a change in the number of disks in the pool.

Load balancing is achieved through capacity leveling. Rev. So 18GB of each 36GB drive is used and 36GB of each 72GB drive is used. The capacity used for all 36GB must still be one third of the total (90GB) and the capacity of all 72GB drives must be two-thirds of the total (180).Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes The goal of virtual disk leveling is to provide capacity leveling across all disk drives within a disk group. The EVA enables dynamic pool capacity changes. 3. the proportion of 1:2 must be maintained. Note About Example 2: If a virtual disk of 270GB is created.33 18 . Pool capacity can be added in increments by adding physical disks.

DiskPart is included in the Microsoft Windows 2000 Resource Kit or from the Microsoft website. Rev. If this utility is not installed.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes The disk management utility DiskPart is necessary to expand volumes on Windows 2000. install it before attempting to expand virtual disks on the eva5000 or eva3000.33 19 . 3.

192. that counts as two presentations.192 is not a hard limit.Enterprise Virtual Array service and support Concepts and terminology Instructor Notes Relating to the last bullet: ‡ The formula that must always be satisfied is: Sum of LUN-to-host presentations is <= 8.33 20 . but performance will drop beyond that limitation. ‡ Presentations include all LUN-to-host presentations including snapshots and snapclones. Rev. The 8. If the same unit is presented to two different hosts. 3.

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