Ancient Egypt

Periods of Egyptian history
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Predynastic Period (c. 5500 BC - 3200 BC) Early Dynastic Period (c. 3200 to 3100 BC) Archaic Period (c. 3100 to 2700 BC) Old Kingdom (c. 2700 to 2250 BC) First Intermediate Period (c. 2250 to 2050 BC) Middle Kingdom (c. from 2050 to 1800 BC) Second Intermediate Period (c. 1800 to 1550 BC) New Kingdom (c. 1550 to 1070 BC) Third Intermediate Period (c. 1070 to 656 BC) Late Period (c. 656 to 332 BC) Hellenistic Period (332 to 30 BC) Roman Period (30 BC - 640 AD)

Economy
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The egyptian's economy was based on agriculture. Egyptian's life depended on the cultivation of land flooded by the Nile

Administration and Finance
Egypt was divided into several sepats administrative purposes

The country was divided into 42 nomes: 20 of Lower Egypt, Upper Egypt while covering 22 nomos Each nome was governed by a governor

Language
Archaic Egyptian (before 3000 BC) Old Egyptian (3000-2000 BC) Classic Egyptian (2000-1300 BC) Late Egyptian (1300-700 BC) Egyptian Demotic (seventh century - the fourth century BC)

Writing
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According to investigators, the Egyptian writing appeared about 3000 BC C. with the unification of the Kingdom of Upper and Lower Egypt and the establishment of the state Egyptologists defined as the Egyptian hieroglyphic system, and is considered the world's oldest writing. The name comes from the Greek "irons" (sacred) and "glypho" (sculpt, record) Around 2700 BC C., began to use pictograms to represent consonant sounds. About 2000 BCE C., were used 26 to represent the 24 main consonant sounds. The oldest known alphabet (c. 1800 BC) is a derivative of these signs abyad unilíteros, like other Egyptian hieroglyphics. The hieroglyphic script finally fell into disuse as writing of the courtiers around the fourth century BC C under the Ptolemies, replaced by Greek, but remained in the temples of Upper Egypt, guarded by the Egyptian clergy

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Literature
c. 1800 BC C.: Story of Sinuhe and papyrus Ipuwer. y C. 1600 BC C.: Papyrus Westcar. y C. 1300 BC C.: Papyrus Ebers and Pentaur Poem. y C. 1180 a. C.: Papyrus Harris y c. 1000 BC C.: History of Wenamun and Papyrus of Ani.
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Culture
The Egyptian religion, embodied in mythology, is a set of beliefs that permeated the entire Egyptian life, from the predynastic period until the arrival of Christianity and Islam in the early stages of GrecoRoman and Arabic. They were led by priests, and the use of magic and spells are dubious. y The temple was a sacred place where only admitted to the priests and priestesses, but important celebrations in the town was incorporated in the yard. y The religious nature of Egyptian civilization influenced its contribution to the arts. Many of the great works of ancient Egypt depict gods, goddesses and pharaohs considered divine. The art is characterized by the idea of order and symmetry.
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Life after death
They believed in an afterlife, and prepared for it, both by following certain rules (Book of the Dead) and preparing the grave. y Formerly only the pharaohs were eligible to participate in the afterlife, but on reaching the new Empire all Egyptians hoped to live in the afterlife, and prepared, according to their economic potential, his tomb and his body to the bodies are I extracted the bodies, which were deposited in canopic jars, then covered the body with resins to preserve it, wrapping it with linen. In the burial chamber were deposited food and belongings of the deceased, for use in the afterlife.
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Mythology
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Major Egyptian deities:
x Amun: -"The hidden", symbol of creative power and "Father of all the winds³ x Ra: -Symbol of the sun, giver of life and responsible for the cycle of death and resurrection x Isis: -"Great magician", "Great Mother Goddess," "Queen of the Gods," "fertilization Force of Nature", "Goddess of motherhood and birth.³ x Osiris:- Resurrection, a symbol of fertility and regeneration of the Nile

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