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Education, Research & Development

Modified by: Prof. Bob Twiggs

Morehead State University
Education Research

What is the Mechatronics?

Mechatronics basically refers to mechanical electrical

systems and is centered on mechanics, electronics,
computing and control which, combined, make possible
the generation of simpler, more economical, reliable and
versatile systems.
What is the Mechatronics?

© Uni North Carolina

Mechatronics Curricula
 Introduction to engineering (Eng. math, physics, chemistry,
mechanical systems, Eng. drawing, etc.),
 Engineering software; Basic Language at MSU for SSE 120
 Fundamental of mechanical system design and analysis
 Electronic devices, circuits and systems
 Digital systems, computer architecture and computer interface
 Robotics (sensors, actuators, control, vision, AI, etc.)
 Instrumentation and measurements
 SolidWorks CAD Design
 Embedded systems, sensors, actuators and software
 Integrated mechanical/electrical systems
Mechatronics Labs
۩ Computer software
۩ Embedded systems
۩ Digital electronics
۩ Electronics
۩ Electrical/mechanical applications
 Embedded Systems
A combination of hardware and software which
together form a component of a Mechatronics
systems. An embedded system is designed to
run on its own without human intervention, and
may be required to respond to events in real
Embedded Systems in Automotive
■ Entertainment
■ Adaptive control
■ Generation II ABS
■Satellite services radio/GPS
■ Heads-up monitoring
■ Tele-operation
■ Night vision
■ Software control
■ Back-up collision sensor
■ Rain-sensing
■ Navigation
■ Auto parking
■ Tire pressure sensing
■ Simulators
■ Testing
Hardware, Software, and Firmware

Hardware is the name given to the physical devices and circuitry

of the computer.

Software refers to the programs written for the computer.

Firmware is the term given to programs stored in ROMs or in

Programmable devices which permanently keep their stored
Robotics Curricula
Introduction to Robotics: Different types of robot platforms (humanoid, Car-
like, miniature, manipulators, animators, indoor, outdoor, space robots, medical
robots, under water robots, locomotion, areal robots, educational robots, legged
robots, mobile robots, robot simulators etc.)

Path Planning: objectives and methods (Voronoi, Bug, potential field, visibility,
reactive, road map).

Environment modeling: the general meaning and the applied techniques

(occupancy grid, topological graphs, integrated, 3D modeling)
Distributed sensors: IR, laser, sonar, E-nose, vision, artificial skin, artificial ear

Robot actuators: Hydraulic, pneumatic and electric drives (DC, Ac, servo, and
stepper motors)

Self localization: Introduction and techniques (SLAM, Markov, Bayes network,

expectation maximizing, maximum likelihood).
Robot Platforms (1)

Indoor Robots DLR Gripper NASA Mars Rover Asimo Humanoid

Outdoor Robots Robot Base Station KUKA Manipulator

Robot Platforms (2)

Snake Robot HEXAPOD Robot Big Dog Robot

Micro Robot Flying UAV Underwater Robot

Robot Platforms (3)

Robot educational kits

CCD Camera Compass IR PSD Servo motor Sonar Laser ranger

Robot sensors
Robot Platforms (4)

NXT Intelligent Brick Servo Motor

Sound Sensor Light Sensor Touch Sensor

key transponder Accelerometer Sensor Compass Sensor Ultrasonic Sensor


Stepper, AC and DC Motors
Pc Board CAN BUS

Buses: USB
USB (Universal Serial Bus)

USB cables are hot swappable which allows users to connect and disconnect the
cable while the computer is on without any physical damage to the cable.

USB Logo USB Type A & B USB mini

Buses: USB
USB Specifications:
 A unique connector
 Hub topology
 Auto detection and configuration
 Low power
 High Performance
 Supports up to 127 external devices
 Provides power
 BW:USB 1.1: 12 Mb/s, USB 2.0: 480 Mb/s
Buses: USB
USB Topology:
• Maximum cable length of 30 meters
• Maximum of five non-root hubs
• Only a function is allowed in tier 7
• Maximum of six segments
• Hub at center of each star
• Each segment 5m max
• Tiered star
Buses: USB
USB Devices:
◦ Simplifies USB Connectivity
◦ Detect attach and detach
 Functions
◦ USB devices that transmit or receive data
Controller–area network (CAN or CAN-bus) is a vehicle bus
standard designed to allow microcontrollers and devices to
communicate with each other within a vehicle without a host computer.
The CAN Bus is an automotive bus developed by Robert Bosch, which
has quickly gained acceptance into the automotive and aerospace
industries. CAN is a serial bus protocol to connect individual systems
and sensors as an alternative to conventional multi-wire looms. It
allows automotive components to communicate on a single or dual-
wire networked data bus up to 1Mbps.
In 2006, over 70% of all automobiles
sold in North America will utilize CAN
Bus technology. Beginning in 2008, the
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)
requires 100% of the vehicles sold in the
USA to use the CAN Bus communication
protocol while the European Union has
similar laws. Several new after market
devices have been introduced into the
market that utilize the CAN Bus protocol
but until now, there have been no new
devices that assist the aging after market
remote starter and alarm system
technology. Now there is an after market
module that offers remote starter and
alarm connectivity to the CAN Bus
communication protocol.
Engineering Software

Matlab Labview HP-VEE IDL Mathematica

Linux Qt Mathcad

SolidWorks PowerSHAPE PowerMILL CopyCAD