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Brief historical background of Science and

Technology in the Philippines

• It is observed in the way they plant
their crops that provide them food.

• In taking care of animals to help them
in their daily tasks.

• For food production.

• Technology is used by people in building
houses, irrigations, and in developing tools
that they can use in everyday life.

• The different
artifactsdiscovered in
different parts of the
country also prove
that the Metal Age
also had significant
influences on the lives
of early Filipinos.

• When the Spaniards colonized the country,
they brought with them their own culture
and practices.

• They established schools for girls and
boys and introduced the concept of
subjects and discipline.

• It was the beginning of the formal
science and technology in the country,
known now as school of science and

The American s have more influence in the
development of science and technology in the
Pholippines compared to spaniards

• They established the following:

• •Public education system
• •Improved the Engineering works
• •Improved health conditions of the people.
• •Established a modern research university,
University of the Philippines.
• •Created more hospitals than the former colonial

• Americans did everything to
• “Americanize” the Philippines.

• They recognized the learning of science
and introduced it in public and private

• The desire of the Americans to develop the
human resources of the Philippines is
somehow, beneficial in the country.

• Since the establishment of the new
republic, the whole nation has been focusing
on using its limited resources in improving its
science and technological capabilities.

• It has explored the use of ODA or Overseas
Development Allocations to help the
countries improved its scientific productivity.

Government policies on science
and technology

• introduced and implemented several programs,
projects, and policies to boost the area of science
and technology.

• GOAL: prepare the whole country and its people
to meet the demands of a technologically driven
world and capacitate people to live in a world
driven by Science.

The NRCP clustered these policies into
four, namely;
• 1.Social Sciences, Humanities, Education,
International Policies and Governance.
• 2.Physics, Engineering and Industrial Research,
Earth and Space Sciences, and Mathematics.
• 3.Medical, Chemical and Pharmaceutical
• 4.Biological Sciences, Agriculture, and

• There are also other existing programs
supported by the Philippine government
through the DOST. Some of these projects are
the following:

• •Providing funds for basic research related to science
and technology.
• •Providing scholarships for undergraduate and
graduate studies of students in field of Science and

• Establishing more branches of the Philippine
Science High School System
• Creating a Science and technology parks
• BalikScientist Program
• •Developing science and technology parks
• •Establishment of the National Science

Famous Filipino in the field of
• 1..Ramon CabanosBarba-for his outstanding
research on tissue in Philippine mangoes.
• 2. JosefinoCacasComiso-for his works on observing
the characteristics of Antarticaby using satellite
• 3. Jose BejarCruz-known internationally in the field
of electrical engineering
• 4.Lourdes JansuyCruz-notable for her research on
sea snail venom.

• 5. FabianMillar Dayrit-for his research herbal
• 6. Rafael DinerosGuerrero III-for his research
on tilapia culture.
• 7. Enrique MapuaOstreaJr.
• –for inventing the meconiumdrugs testing8.
LilianFormalejoPatena-for doing research on
plant biotechnology

• 9. Mari-Jo PanganibanRuiz-for being an
outstanding educator and graph
• 10. Gregory LigotTangonan-for his
research in the field of communications

• There are other outstanding Filipino scientists
who are recognized here and abroad;
• •Caesar A. Saloma-an internationally renowedphysicist.
• •EdgardoGomez-famous scientist in marine science
• •William Padolina-chemistry and president of National
Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)-Philippines
• • Angel Alcala-Marine science