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Under the Supervision of:-
Miss Ruby Siddiqui
(Hear of department, Civil Engineering Department)
 Poorvi Singh (1335100047)
 Sankalp Srivastava (1335100062)
 Lal Singh (1335100036)
 Rahul Katiyar
 Avanish Katiyar
 Vivek Singh
Sewage treatment is the process of removing
contaminants from wastewater, primarily
from household sewage. It includes physical,
chemical, and biological processes to remove
these contaminants and produce
environmentally safe treated
wastewater (or treated effluent)
The major aim of sewage treatment plant
(STP) is to remove as much of the suspended
solids as possible before the remaining water,
called effluent, is discharged back to the
environment. As solid material decays, it uses
up oxygen, which is needed by
the plants and animals living in the water.
Sewage is generated by residential, institutional,
commercial and industrial establishments. It
includes household waste liquid
from toilets, baths, showers, kitchens, and sinks
draining into sewers.

In many areas, sewage also includes liquid waste from

industry and commerce. The separation and draining
of household waste into greywater and blackwater is
becoming more common in the developed world, with
treated greywater being permitted to be used for
watering plants or recycled for flushing toilets.
Classification of treatment process:

 Preliminary treatment
 Primary Treatment
 Secondary Treatment
 Complete Final Treatment(removing
pathogenic bacteria)
Armapur Estate is a census town in Kanpur Nagar District in
the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.
Demographics: (Population)

 As of 2001 India census, Armapur Estate had a population of

 Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%.

 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

 This census town is reserve for only defense personnel.

Population Growth Rate :9.72%
Assume: 10%
Population in 2001 : 20797
Assumed: approx 21000

According to the growth rate of 10%

Population in will be 2011 : 21000*1.10=23000

Population in will be 2021 : 23000*1.10=25410

Population in will be 2031 : 25410*1.10=27951

Population in will be 2041 : 27951*1.10=30746.1

Assumed: approx 31000

Designed population: 31000
As per IS code IS 5600 :1976 (Specification of sewage)
The quantity of water for a person in urban areas needed in a
day: 150 lpcd -200 lpcd
Let , water supply needed- 180 lpcd
20%- loss
80%- sewage
Sewage quantity= 31000*180*0.8= 4464000 L/day
= 4.46MLD
Avg. daily flow= 4.5MLD
Avg. hourly flow= 4.5/24= 0.1875 M L/h
Peak hourly flow= avg. hourly flow * 3= 3*0.1875= 0.5625 ML/h
 Rack or screens
 Grit Chamber
 Settling chamber or Sedimentation Tank
 Pumping System
 Low Rate Trickling Filter
 Dortmund Tank
 Laboratory Department
 Sludge Digestion Tank
A screen is a device with openings for removing
bigger suspended or floating matter in
sewage which would otherwise damage
equipment or interfere with satisfactory
operation of treatment units.
Types of screens:
1. Coarse Screens
2. Medium Screens
3. Fine Screens
 Grit chambers are long narrow tanks that are
designed to slow down the flow so that solids
such as sand, coffee grounds, and eggshells
will settle out of the water.Grit causes
excessive wear and tear on pumps and other
plant equipment.
Used to remove the particles greater than size
of 50 micro mm.
The building where pump and other accessories
are installed for lifting sewage is called
pumping system.
Such a building be at a located carefully
chosen site.
The Trickling filters are classified based on
hydraulic or organic loading, as low rate
trickling filter(LRTF).
A deep tank, with conical bottom to which
liquid sewage is supplied by a pipe reaching
down nearly to the bottom. The resulting
upward flow assists sedimentation of the
Manually operated place where the treated
water is further check for its purity.
Thank You