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PLANNING

TEAM 3 DIII Keperawatan


Reguler XX
THE MEMBER

Anwar Fuadi PO.62.20.1.17.206 Nayunda PO.62.20.1.17.226


Gopri PO.62.20.1.17.214 Norsita PO.62.20.1.17.227
Ilham Syakh P. P. PO.62.20.1.17.218 Raygita PO.62.20.1.17.230
Jovi PO.62.20.1.17.222 Rina Azizah Nor PO.62.20.1.17.231
OUTLINES

Definition of Planning

Purpose of Planning

Phase of Planning

Taks of The Planning Phase


Definition of Planning

The nursing process is the framework for providing


professional, quality nursing care.

Planning and outcome identification are the third step


of the nursing process and include both establishing
guidelines for the proposed course of nursing action to
resolve the nursing diagnoses and developing the client’s
plan of care.
Purpose of Planning

 To determine the goals of care and the course of action to be


undertaken during the implementation phase.
 To promote contonuity of care.
Phase of Planning

• Initial planning: involves development of a preliminary plan of care by the nurse


who performs the admission assessment and gathers the comprehensive admission
assessment data.

• Ongoing planning: updates the client’s plan of care. New information about the
client is collected and evaluated and revisions made to the plan of care.

• Discharge planning: involves anticipation of and planning for the client’s needs
after discharge.
Task of The Planning
Phase

1. Prioritizing the Nursing Diagnoses


Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is one of the most common methods of selecting priorities.
and here are the priority levels.
• First-level priority problems (immediate):
Airway problems.
Breathing problems.
Signs (vital sign problems).
• Second-level priority problems (immediate, after treatment for first-level problem is initiated):
Mental status change.
Acute pain.
Acute urinary elimination problems.
Abnormal lab values.
Risk of infection, safety or security (forclient or others).
• Third-level priority problems:
Health problems that do not fit in the above categories.
Task of The Planning
Phase

2. Identifying and writing client-centered long and short-term goals and


outcomes (outcome identification)

Outcome identification includes establishing goals and expected


outcomes, which together provide guidelines for individualized nursing
interventions and establish evaluation criteria to measure the effectiveness of the
nursing care plan. Goals a goal is an aim, intent, or end. Goals are broad
statements that describe the desired or intended change in the client’s condition
or behavior. Client-centered goals are established in collaboration with the client
when possible. Goal statements refer to the diagnostic label (or problem
statement) of the nursing diagnosis.
Task of The Planning
Phase

3. Identifying specific nursing interventions


Nursing intervention is an action performed by the nurse that helps the client
achieve the results specified by the goals and expected outcomes. Nursing interventions
refer directly to the related factors or the risk factors in nursing diagnoses. There may be a
number of nursing interventions for each nursing diagnosis. Examples of nursing
interventions are as follows:
• Assist client to turn, cough, and deep breathe.
• Weigh client each day at the same time.
Task of The Planning
Phase

Nursing interventions are classified into one of three categories:


a. Independent nursing interventions: are initiated by the nurse and do not require
direction or an order from another health care professional.

b. Interdependent nursing interventions: are implemented collaboratively by the nurse in


conjunction with other health care professionals.

c. Dependent nursing interventions: require an order from a physician or another health


care professional.
Task of The Planning
Phase

4. Recording the entire nursing care plan in the client’s record


Nursing care plans usually include components such as assessment, nursing
diagnoses, goals and expected outcomes, and nursing interventions. The care plan is
begun on the day of admission and is continually updated until discharge.
Conclusion

1. Planning and outcome identification are the third step of the nursing process and
include both establishing guidelines for the proposed course of nursing action to
resolve the nursing diagnoses and developing the client’s plan of care. To determine
the goals of care and the course of action to be undertaken during the
implementation phase, to promote contonuity of care.
2. Phase of planning
3. Task of the planning phase
Suggestion

Based on the assessment and diagnosis, the nurse sets measurable and
achievable short- and long-range goals, that might include moving from bed to
chair at least three times per day; maintaining adequate nutrition, more
frequent meals; resolving conflict through counseling, or managing pain
through adequate medication. Assessment data, diagnosis and goals are
written in the patient’s care plan so that nurses as well as other health
professionals caring for the patient have access to it.
Thank
You
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