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Technology that makes its mark

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© Copyright KSB Aktiengesellschaft 2013
RISK AWARENESS
(Hazard Identification Risk Assessment & Determine Control)

© Copyright KSB Aktiengesellschaft


IM|14 March 2016|
2013
DEFINITIONS
(ISO 17776)

• Hazard: potential source cause of harm or loss (harm relate to


human injury, damage to the environment, damage to property, or a
combination of these)

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• Risk: combination of the probability of an event and the consequences

of the event

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INTERFERENCES BETWEEN OPERATIONS

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Access
way

Legend: Risk interface to evaluate Operation routine work

Work 1 Other Work Plant close to work Downgraded situation

- Mahakam Training Centre– June 2008


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RISK ANALYSIS METHOD : SEGMENTATION

Environment system
(Electrical lines,
wind…)

Crane system Operators


system

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Load
system

Ground system - Mahakam Training Centre– June 2008


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OPERATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Kick-Off
Meetings
Kick-Off
PRECAUTIONS

Meeting Job Risk


Assess.ts
Cold /Hot
Permit Cold /Hot
Written (x N) Permit
Cold /Hot

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procedure Permit (x N)
Verbal
+ Short Job Risk
Instruction Assessmen
Regular
Permit Pre-Job
t
Activities + Lock Meetings
Prod, welding, Out/Tag Out
cutting,
Pre-Job
(LOTO) Meeting
Logistics

Routine Frequent Limited High Risk SIMOPS RISK


Operation Operation Risk Operation
Operation
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RISK

Downgraded Anomalies Incidents Audits


Identification Works Operations
Situations Reports Reports Inspections

 Kick-off
Assessment of real & potential Analysis gap
severity +Cause Tree Work permit Meeting
Risk regarding
Evaluation System  JSA
Assessment standards &
 Pre-job
procedures
Meeting

Measures/ Compensatory Corrective Actions Precautions :


Measures Corrective
Actions Immediate
, 1)Technical
Corrective Actions 2)Organisation (SIMOPS) Actions
Medium / Long Term

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Follow-up of
compensatory
Statistics Follow-up of
measures Follow up application
Control Completion of action corrective
& corrective precautions on site
plans actions
actions

Return to
Improvement normal Feed back experience Feed back experience Modifications
situation

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PREVENTION OF INCIDENTS/ACCIDENTS

Knowing how events


RISKS
occur

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Set up relevant precautions PRECAUTIONS

It also means having a system or a


procedure to control application MONITORING
of the precautions
- Mahakam Training Centre– June 2008
MITIGATION OF CONSEQUENCES

To know the escalation SCENARIOS


process

To forecast means to
-Ensure evacuation of personnel
PRECAUTIONS
-Limit extension of damage

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(Environment, material, media)

It also means having a system or a


procedure to ensure these means MONITORING
are operational

- Mahakam Training Centre– June 2008


ESCALATION SCENARIOS
Fall of heavy loads
Impacts
Mechanical failure
Rupture Operating Error

1 HYDROCARBON LEAKAGE

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2 IGNITION
Pollution Oil/Waste

3 ESCALATION

4 SEVERE CONSEQUENCES
PREVENT ESCALATION
4th barrier
• Emergency procedures
• Evacuation system
• Intervention resources CATASTROPHE

3rd barrier
• Equipment layout
• Detection, emergency shut down SERIOUS EVENT
• Passive protections
• Deluge

2nd barrier

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• Professionalism MINOR EVENT
• Preparation of operations
• Inspection
• Quality control
• Process control
ANOMALIES

1st barrier
• Design rules and
standards
• Risk analysis
• Design review 11
REDUCTION OF PROBABILITY & SEVERITY

5. Catastrophic
INITIAL RISK

4. Major

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3. Serious PRECAUTIONS
RESIDUAL RISK REDUCE RISKS
2. Moderate

1. Minor

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There is risk if we are exposed to hazard

2 Dimensions

Severity of event Probability of event


consequences occurrence

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Consequence Matrix
TINGKAT KEPARAHAN / SEVERITY ( S )
RANKING
KESELAMATAN KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PERALATAN OPERASIONAL/PROSES

Pengaruh significant Pencemaran skala besar


(CATASTROPIC) Kerugian asset
5 terhadap manusia dengan dan dalam waktu yang lama Terhenti 7 Hari Kerja
Kematian > US $ 50.000
potensi kematian diluar area kerja

(MAJOR) Pengaruh significant Pencemaran skala besar


Kerugian asset
4 Cidera hari hilang dengan terhadap manusia dengan dan dalam waktu yang Terhenti 4 - 6 Hari Kerja
US $ 10.000 - 50.000
cacat permanen potensi cacat permanen singkat diluar area kerja

Pengaruh significant
(MODERATE)
terhadap manusia dengan Pencemaran skala kecil Kerugian asset

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3 Cidera hari hilang tanpa Terhenti 1 - 3 Hari Kerja
potensi ketidak mampuan diluar area kerja US $ 2500 - 10.000
cacat permanen
sementara

Pengaruh ringan terhadap


(MINOR) Pencemaran skala besar Kerugian asset
2 manusia dengan terapi Terhenti 1 - 3 Shift Kerja
Perawatan medis didalam area kerja US $ 500 - 2500
kesehatan ringan

Pengaruh ringan terhadap


(INSIGNIFICANT) Pencemaran skala kecil Kerugian asset
1 manusia tanpa terapi Terhenti < 1 Shift Kerja
Luka ringan didalam area kerja < US $ 500
kesehatan

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PROBABILITY

5 Certain Diperkirakan akan terjadi lagi baik segera atau dalam waktu singkat
(mungkin akan terjadi minggu atau bulan)

4 Likely Mungkin akan terjadi di sebagian besar keadaan (beberapa kali dalam
setahun)

3 Possible Mungkin akan terulang, mungkin terjadi pada beberapa waktu (mungkin
terjadi setiap 1 sampai 2 tahun)

2 Unlikely Mungkin akan terulang - bisa terjadi pada beberapa waktu dalam 2 sampai
5 tahun.

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1 Rare Mungkin untuk terjadi kembali - mungkin hanya terjadi dalam keadaan luar
biasa (mungkin terjadi setiap 5 sampai 30 tahun)

KEMUNGKINAN / PROBABILITAS ( P )

5 4 3 2 1

Certain Likely Possible Unlikely Rare

1 x dalam 30 tahun / tidak pernah


> 2 x dalam 1 tahun 1 atau 2 x dalam 1 tahun 1 x dalam 5 tahun 1 x dalam 10 tahun
terjadi

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RISK MATRIX (5X5)
TINGKAT KEPARAHAN / SEVERITY ( S ) KEMUNGKINAN / PROBABILITAS ( P )

(1)
(4) 1 x dalam
(5) (3) (2)
1 atau 2 x 30 Tahun /
RANKING > 2 x dalam 1 x dalam 1 x dalam
KESELAMATAN KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PERALATAN OPERASIONAL 1 Tahun dalam Tidak
5 Tahun 10 Tahun
1 Tahun pernah
terjadi

CERTAIN LIKELY POSSIBLE UNLIKELY RARE

Pengaruh significant Pencemaran skala


terhadap manusia besar dan dalam Kerugian asset Terhenti 7 Hari
5 CATASTROPIC Kematian 25 ( C ) 24 ( C ) 22 ( C ) 19 ( C ) 15 ( H )
dengan potensi waktu yang lama > US $ 50.000 Kerja
kematian diluar area kerja

Pengaruh significant Pencemaran skala


Cidera hari hilang
terhadap manusia besar dan dalam Kerugian asset Terhenti 4 - 6 Hari
4 MAJOR dengan cacat 23 ( C ) 21 ( C ) 18 ( H ) 14 ( H ) 10 ( M )
dengan potensi cacat waktu yang singkat US $ 10.000 - 50.000 Kerja
permanen
permanen diluar area kerja

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Pengaruh significant
Cidera hari hilang terhadap manusia
Pencemaran skala Kerugian asset Terhenti 1 - 3 Hari
3 MODERATE tanpa cacat dengan potensi 20 ( C ) 17 ( H ) 13 ( M ) 9(M) 6(L)
kecil diluar area kerja US $ 2500 - 10.000 Kerja
permanen ketidak mampuan
sementara

Pengaruh ringan
Pencemaran skala
terhadap manusia Kerugian asset Terhenti 1 - 3 Shift
2 MINOR Perawatan medis besar didalam area 16 ( H ) 12 ( M ) 8(L) 5(L) 3(L)
dengan terapi US $ 500 - 2500 Kerja
kerja
kesehatan ringan

Pengaruh ringan
Pencemaran skala
INSIGNIFICANT terhadap manusia Kerugian asset Terhenti < 1 Shift
1 Luka ringan kecil didalam area 11 ( M ) 7(L) 4(L) 2(L) 1(L)
(LOW) tanpa terapi < US $ 500 Kerja
kerja
kesehatan

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RISK MATRIX (5X5)

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