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STAT 114Probability&Statistics

Week- 11 Lecture-20

Semester- Fall 2018

Prepared by:

Ms Iram Sarwar

Assistant Professor

2

Preambles

Sampling

Central limit theorem

Concept of Normal Distribution

3

Statistical Inference

contained in sample taken from the population is called Statistical Inference. statistical

inference is traditionally divided into two following major areas:

Estimation of parameters

Testing of hypothesis

4

Estimation

a population parameter by using the sample observations from the population. For

example, we may estimate the mean and variance of population by computing the

mean and variance of a sample drawn from population.

Estimation is further divided into two types”

i. Point estimation

ii. Interval estimation

Graphicaly

5

Symbols:

parameters of population: , 2,

, generally Q Sample

with size n

sample chracteristics :

Population – size N,

2 resp. (infinity)

x , s ,s

Generally:un

6

Point Estimation and interval estimation

parameter by using sample information.

A confidence interval estimate of the unknown parameter is an interval computed from a random

sample of n values with a statement of how confident ( e.g 90 %,95% or 99 %) we are that the

interval contains the unknown parameter.

Interval estimate of parameter Q 7

8

Testing of Hypothesis

obtained by sampling whether to accept or reject any specified statement or hypothesis

regarding the value of the parameter in a statistical problem.

9

(1- )% Confidence interval for population

mean µ

10

(1- )% Confidence interval for

population mean µ

11

(1- )% Confidence interval for

population mean µ

12

13

Class Task

Question #1:

Find a 95% confidence interval for population mean of a normal population which has

=10 , consider a sample size n=25 with a sample mean of 67.53 .

Question #2:

A random sample of 65 bolts from a shipment had a mean diameter of 0.51 inches and a standard

deviation of 0.16 inches. Construct a 99% confidence interval for the population mean ?

Question #3:

A sample size 16 from a normal population with unknown standard deviation , gave = 14.5 and

s=5.find 90% confidence interval for population mean .

Question #:4:

A random sample of 10 boys had the following I.Q’s:70,120,110,101,88,83,95,107,100,98.Find the 95%

confidence interval for population mean .assume that I.Q’s are normally distributed and variance of

population

Lahore is not known.

Garrison University

14

Home Assignment.

Q#1to Q#3

Q#5 part a, Q#4 part a

Q#10

Q#11

Q#12

Q#13

Reference book: Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists by Ronald E. Walpole, Raymond H.

Myers, Sharon L. Myers and Keying E. Ye, Pearson; 9th Edition (January 6, 2011). ISBN-10: 0321629116 2

15

Q&A

16

References

Raymond H. Myers, Sharon L. Myers and Keying E. Ye, Pearson; 9th Edition

(January 6, 2011). ISBN-10: 0321629116 2

Walpole, P.E., Myers R.H., Myers S.L. (1998), “Probability and Statistics for

Engineers and Scientists”, 7th Ed. Prentice Hall.

Introduction to Statistical Theory Part 2,Prof Sher Muhammad Chaudhry

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