GLASS CEILING

Presented By:
Sheetal Tandon
Reg. No. 3020070152
What is the µGlass Ceiling¶? What is the µGlass Ceiling¶?
An artificial barrier.
Based on Organizational bias.
Prevents qualified women/other minorities
from advancing upward into senior
management level positions.
The Glass Ceiling... The Glass Ceiling...
Types of Gender Discrimination Types of Gender Discrimination
Direct Discrimination
Indirect Discrimination
Reasons for the Glass Ceiling Reasons for the Glass Ceiling
LATE 1970s ± EARLY
1980s
Women lacked
required experience
and skills.
MID ± LATE 1980¶s
Trends started
changing.
More women took up
higher education in
management.
Looked for careers in
operating areas.
They were restricted
to clerical and other support
services jobs.
The uebate ovei the existence
of the ulass Ceiling beganǤ
Opinions of Feminist Groups Opinions of Feminist Groups
Job Segregation.
³Old Boy´ network.
Absence of the strict
anti- discrimination
laws.
Sex Discrimination
Male dominated
management.
Men¶s attitudes
towards problems
faced by women.
Sexual Harrassment
The Other Side of the Debate The Other Side of the Debate
Women aie unwilling to
saciifice some aspects of theii
peisonal lives
They woik foi lessei time
anu join low iisk jobsǤ
They uo not unueistanu
how a business woiks
Less Commitment
(Top management
positions demand more
commitment, about 80 hrs
per week)
Lower Salaries,
Women left jobs Midway
Office politics
Proper Channels
Low self confidence
Inability to take quick decisions
Myths applied to women in Myths applied to women in
business business
Switch jobs more frequently than men.
Women are too concerned with the social
aspects of their jobs and cannot be trusted with
important matters.
Women are more concerned than men about
working conditions.
Women are not willing to travel extensively for
the organization.
Companies where glass ceiling is Companies where glass ceiling is
still prevalent« still prevalent«
Infosys Infosys
Infosys top positions are found to be
continuously monopolized by men.
SD Shibulal will take on responsibility of CEO
of Infosys in next financial year.
Examples of some ladies
Wal Wal- -Mart Mart
Wal-Mart suit shows glass ceiling still an issue.
Wal-Mart shortchanged female employees on
opportunities for promotion.
Example of Patricia Surgeson
Dell Dell
Nearly 80% of the top executives in Dell are
male, while Dell website claims that 32% of the
employees are women.
Dell had terminated the service of 4 senior
female employees earlier this year.
Over 44 former female HR executives sued their
ex-employer seeking $500 million in damages.
Breaking the Glass ceiling« Breaking the Glass ceiling«
Wipro Wipro
´ The glass ceiling has been conquered here.
Neither an inch given nor taken away
because you're a woman. And, an equal
opportunity to work your way right to the
topµ.
- Anjali Prayag
NagananI NagananI Mu¡IIy Mu¡IIy
Vice-President,
Carrier Networks
Unit
She says: "All of us
are happily married,
we have managed
children and work
with no major
problems on the
family front."
eena eena PaunanaIIan PaunanaIIan
Manager, Talent Engagement
and Development.
She says:³Wipro never beat
the drums about its women-
friendly policies, there is
nothing to shout about from
the rooftops."
Some concessions like travel
rescheduling, tie-up with a
crèche or extended maternity
leave, flexibility in work
culture are also given.
Playing fair at Wipro Playing fair at Wipro
Wipro has 20% women in its people set-up.
Wipro believes: This fair representation of
women is helpful when their international
clients inquire about diversity and other related
issues.
When Wipro go for campus recruitment; make
sure there's one woman on the cell to give a
subtle hint that they have an equal opportunity
company.
PepsiCo : PepsiCo :Indra Nooyi Indra Nooyi
Over the past several years she was the President, CFO and
Director on the company¶s board and recently stepped into
the role of CEO at PepsiCo .
Accomplishments:
1. The success of transforming the $33 billion PepsiCo from a
company dependent on the aerated beverages business, to
an integrated food major has been attributed to her.
2. Acquiring Tropicana brand too has been part of her
accomplishments. Its purchase for $3.3 billion gave the
company the top-selling juice in the US with a 32% share
of the market
ICICI Group ICICI Group
Example: Example: Kiran Kiran Bedi Bedi
India's first and till-date its highest ranking
woman police officer.
She introduced many reforms in the prison
management during the year 1993-1995.
She is the only Indian Police to receive the
Ramon Magsaysay Award in the year 1994
Contd Contd««
Kiran Bedi had served an array of challenging
assignments like Traffic Commissioner of New Delhi,
Deputy Inspector General of Police in Mizoram and
Advisor to the Lieutenant Governor of Chandigarh.
She was also called as µCrane Bedi¶.
She had also been a part of peace keeping operations
where she worked with United Nations as the Police
Advisor to the Secretary General.
Injustice to her Injustice to her
Kiran Bedi was a frontrunner for the top post at
Delhi Police Headquarters but her junior Yudhbir
Singh Dadwal took over the position.
Yudhbir Singh Dadwal is the 1974 batch Indian Police
Service officer of Union Territory cadre and he
replaced Police Commissioner K. K. Paul.
Kiran bedi was in 1972 batch.
Do women face Glass Ceiling Do women face Glass Ceiling
in in Hiring?? Hiring??
Job available for the recent college graduates in
a few different majors.
She was given with an application to complete,
and then was interviewed by a placement
counselor.
Counselor appreciated her skills and made offer
to her for some administrative assistant jobs &
was asked for a typing test.
Contd Contd««
She was given with some practicing time. In the
mean while she saw, a young man walked into the
office and he was her classmate.
He completed his application and was interviewed
by the same counselor.
She called the HR deptt. of her company saying:
"We have a great candidate for you. He's young,
bright, and just graduated. He should be recruited
for the marketing assistant position.´
The Case of The Case of Razia Razia Sultana Sultana
³First instance of Glass ceiling in ³First instance of Glass ceiling in
India India´´
Sultan Illtutmish¶s , ignoring the internal &
external resistant appointed Razia as the heir
apparent.
Sultan¶s firmaan- ³there is no one more competent
than my daughter´- was ignored by the nobles on
this death.
Ruknuddin was elevated to be the throne of Delhi
as the New Sultan.
Case Case contd contd««
The populace was irritated & Razia was allowed
to accede to the throne.
Become the 1
st
female ruler in the Indian history.
Razia was perceived as a threat by the Turkish
novelty.
Grievances voiced against Grievances voiced against Razia Razia
Befriended with the non Turkish youth & was
taken as a prisoner.
Sought men protection and got married to a
Nobel.
She was not spared& both she & her husband at
the hands of robbers.
Government efforts for prevention Government efforts for prevention
1. Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
2. Equal Remuneration Act 1976
3. Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law,1998
What Management can do?? What Management can do??
Management must learn to recognize and
appreciate gender differences as positive qualities
which can serve as assets for the organization.
They must loose their perception of ALL GOOD
WITH MEN and ALL BAD WITH WOMEN.
Permit each individual to talk through a situation
in their own way, at their own pace. Don't allow
emotions to get in the way of good judgment.
What Women can do?? What Women can do??
Need to know what they want and must clearly define
their goals and priorities.
Develop strong relationships with others in the
company, focusing on those individuals with high
authority.
Improve creditability by taking on challenging
assignments that are visible to upper management.
Present these during their review. Become
knowledgeable of the less quantifiable criteria for
evaluation such as personality, loyalty, networking etc.
CONCLUSION:
|THOSE WHO COMPLAIN ABOUT GLASS CEILINGS SHOULD KEEP IN
MIND THAT GLASS CAN BE SHATTERED IF ONE STRIKES IT HARD
ENOUGH, AND LONG ENOUGH}
Bibliography Bibliography
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_6_49/ai_n6099202/
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_4_50/ai_n13629539/
http://careerplanning.about.com/od/forwomenonly/a/glass_ceiling.htm
http://businessmanagement.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_glass_ceiling
http://stopharass.com/article-glass-ceiling.htm
http://www.emeraldinsight.com/Insight/viewContentItem.do;jsessionid=7D64BF03EC4E8E
BC7BF70C9876DB27E6?contentType=Article&contentId=1411973
http://www.acjournal.org/holdings/vol6/iss2/articles/shuler.htm
http://home.earthlink.net/~rdmadden/webdocs/Shattering_the_Glass_Ceili.html
http://www.seattlepi.com/specials/glassceiling/292359_glassceiling-main15.html
http://www.ibscdc.org/video-interview/Kiran_Bedi.asp
http://worklifebalancingact.blogspot.com/2007/08/hittting-glass-ceiling-more-like.html
http://www.serverwatch.com/virtualization/article.php/3813206/Nehalem-Cracks-the-
Virtual-Glass-Ceiling.htm
http://shine.yahoo.com/channel/none/kiran-bedi-indias-first-female-police-officer-549779/
http://www.articlesbase.com/leadership-articles/women-as-leaders-kiran-bedi-
981735.html#axzz0lz1XzvSW
Bibliography Bibliography
http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0208/p01s02-ussc.html
http://www.management-issues.com/display_page.asp?section=research&id=1501
http://www.scribd.com/doc/11493239/Break-Your-Glass-Ceiling
http://www.scribd.com/doc/24275804/Glass-Ceiling-Project
http://business.rediff.com/slide-show/2009/dec/01/slide-show-1-more-women-ceos-in-
india-than-abroad.htm#contentTop
http://anshuman-jaiswal.blogspot.com/2008/12/glass-ceiling-in-corporate-world.html
http://articles.moneycentral.msn.com/Investing/Extra/WalMartSuitShowsGlassCeilingStillA
nIssue.aspx
http://business.rediff.com/slide-show/2009/dec/01/slide-show-1-more-women-ceos-in-
india-than-abroad.htm#contentTop
http://www.idiva.com/bin/idiva/homepage_topstories_workandlife_womenontop_sexy
http://www.financialexpress.com/news/a-view-from-above-the-glass-ceiling/83021/0
http://www.answers.com/topic/naina-lal-kidwai
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/site/Story/86594/Woman/Leading+ladies.html
http://www.rediff.com/getahead/2008/mar/07preeti.htm
http://www.indianmba.com/Faculty_Column/FC862/fc862.html

What is the µGlass Ceiling¶? 
An

artificial barrier. on Organizational bias. 

Based 

Prevents qualified

women/other minorities from advancing upward into senior management level positions.

. ..The Glass Ceiling.

.

Types of Gender Discrimination Direct Discrimination Indirect Discrimination .

. MID ± LATE 1980¶s  Trends started changing. Š‡†‡„ƒ–‡‘˜‡”–Š‡‡š‹•–‡…‡ ‘ˆ–Š‡ Žƒ••‡‹Ž‹‰„‡‰ƒ They were restricted to clerical and other support services jobs.  More women took up higher education in management.Reasons for the Glass Ceiling LATE 1970s ± EARLY 1980s Women lacked required experience and skills.  Looked for careers in operating areas.

 Sexual Harrassment  Sex Discrimination . Boy´ network. towards problems faced by women.Opinions of Feminist Groups  Job Segregation.discrimination laws.  ³Old  Male dominated management.  Men¶s attitudes  Absence of the strict anti.

Women left jobs Midway Š‡›†‘‘–—†‡”•–ƒ† Š‘™ƒ„—•‹‡••™‘”• Office politics Proper Channels Low self confidence Inability to take quick decisions . about 80 hrs per week) Š‡›™‘”ˆ‘”Ž‡••‡”–‹‡ ƒ†Œ‘‹Ž‘™”‹•Œ‘„• Lower Salaries.The Other Side of the Debate ‘‡ƒ”‡—™‹ŽŽ‹‰–‘ •ƒ…”‹ˆ‹…‡•‘‡ƒ•’‡…–•‘ˆ–Š‡‹” ’‡”•‘ƒŽŽ‹˜‡• Less Commitment (Top management positions demand more commitment.

 Women are  Women are .Myths applied to women in business  Switch jobs more  Women are frequently than men. not willing to travel extensively for the organization. too concerned with the social aspects of their jobs and cannot be trusted with important matters. more concerned than men about working conditions.

Companies where glass ceiling is still prevalent« .

Infosys  Infosys top positions are found to be continuously monopolized by men. Shibulal will take on responsibility of CEO of Infosys in next financial year. some ladies  SD  Examples of .

employees on opportunities for promotion.  Example of Patricia Surgeson .WalWal-Mart  Wal-Mart suit shows glass ceiling still  Wal-Mart shortchanged female an issue.

former female HR executives sued their ex-employer seeking $500 million in damages. service of 4 senior female employees earlier this year.  Dell had terminated the  Over 44 .Dell  Nearly 80% of the top executives in Dell are male. while Dell website claims that 32% of the employees are women.

Breaking the Glass ceiling« .

Anjali Prayag . . Neither an inch given nor taken away because you're a woman. And. an equal opportunity to work your way right to the topµ.Wipro ´ The glass ceiling has been conquered here.

we have managed children and work with no major problems on the family front.ƒ‰ƒƒ‹ —”–Š›  Vice-President." . Carrier Networks Unit  She says: "All of us are happily married.

She says:³Wipro never beat the drums about its womenfriendly policies. tie-up with a crèche or extended maternity leave.   ." Some concessions like travel rescheduling. there is nothing to shout about from the rooftops. flexibility in work culture are also given.‡‡ƒ ƒ†ƒƒ„Šƒ  Manager. Talent Engagement and Development.

representation of women is helpful when their international clients inquire about diversity and other related issues.Playing fair at Wipro  Wipro has 20% women in  Wipro believes: This fair its people set-up. .  When Wipro go for campus recruitment. make sure there's one woman on the cell to give a subtle hint that they have an equal opportunity company.

CFO and Director on the company¶s board and recently stepped into the role of CEO at PepsiCo . Its purchase for $3. Accomplishments: 1.PepsiCo :Indra Nooyi :Indra  Over the past several years she was the President. . The success of transforming the $33 billion PepsiCo from a company dependent on the aerated beverages business.3 billion gave the company the top-selling juice in the US with a 32% share of the market 2. to an integrated food major has been attributed to her. Acquiring Tropicana brand too has been part of her accomplishments.

ICICI Group .

reforms in the prison management during the year 1993-1995. the only Indian Police to receive the Ramon Magsaysay Award in the year 1994  She introduced many  She is .Example: Kiran Bedi  India's first and till-date its highest ranking woman police officer.

.Contd« Contd«  Kiran Bedi had served an array of challenging assignments like Traffic Commissioner of New Delhi. also called as µCrane Bedi¶.  She was  She had also been a part of peace keeping operations where she worked with United Nations as the Police Advisor to the Secretary General. Deputy Inspector General of Police in Mizoram and Advisor to the Lieutenant Governor of Chandigarh.

K. bedi was in 1972 batch.Injustice to her  Kiran Bedi was a frontrunner for the top post at Delhi Police Headquarters but her junior Yudhbir Singh Dadwal took over the position. Dadwal is the 1974 batch Indian Police Service officer of Union Territory cadre and he replaced Police Commissioner K.  Yudhbir Singh  Kiran . Paul.

made offer to her for some administrative assistant jobs & was asked for a typing test.   Counselor appreciated her skills and . and then was interviewed by a placement counselor.Do women face Glass Ceiling in Hiring??  Job available for the recent college graduates in a few different majors. She was given with an application to complete.

´  He  She . called the HR deptt. of her company saying: "We have a great candidate for you. a young man walked into the office and he was her classmate. He's young. and just graduated. He should be recruited for the marketing assistant position. bright. completed his application and was interviewed by the same counselor.Contd« Contd«  She was given with some practicing time. In the mean while she saw.

The Case of Razia Sultana .

was ignored by the nobles on this death. ignoring the internal & external resistant appointed Razia as the heir apparent. be the throne of Delhi  Sultan¶s firmaan. .³there  Ruknuddin was elevated to as the New Sultan.³First instance of Glass ceiling in India´ India´  Sultan Illtutmish¶s . is no one more competent than my daughter´.

.Case contd« contd«  The populace was irritated & Razia was allowed to accede to the throne. a threat by the Turkish  Razia was perceived as novelty.  Become the 1st female ruler in the Indian history.

.Grievances voiced against Razia  Befriended with the non Turkish youth & was taken as a prisoner.  She was not spared& both she & her husband at the hands of robbers. protection and got married to a  Sought men Nobel.

3. .1998 2. Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 Equal Remuneration Act 1976 Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law.Government efforts for prevention 1.

What Management can do??  Management must learn to recognize and appreciate gender differences as positive qualities which can serve as assets for the organization. each individual to talk through a situation in their own way.  Permit . Don't allow emotions to get in the way of good judgment.  They must loose their perception of ALL GOOD WITH MEN and ALL BAD WITH WOMEN. at their own pace.

loyalty. focusing on those individuals with high authority.    . Develop strong relationships with others in the company. Become knowledgeable of the less quantifiable criteria for evaluation such as personality.What Women can do??  Need to know what they want and must clearly define their goals and priorities. Improve creditability by taking on challenging assignments that are visible to upper management. Present these during their review. networking etc.

CONCLUSION: |THOSE WHO COMPLAIN ABOUT GLASS CEILINGS SHOULD KEEP IN MIND THAT GLASS CAN BE SHATTERED IF ONE STRIKES IT HARD ENOUGH. AND LONG ENOUGH} .

.

about.html http://www.suite101.com/channel/none/kiran-bedi-indias-first-female-police-officer-549779/ http://www.yahoo.org/holdings/vol6/iss2/articles/shuler.com/specials/glassceiling/292359_glassceiling-main15.earthlink.html http://www.htm http://shine.html#axzz0lz1XzvSW .net/~rdmadden/webdocs/Shattering_the_Glass_Ceili.htm http://www.org/video-interview/Kiran_Bedi.jsessionid=7D64BF03EC4E8E BC7BF70C9876DB27E6?contentType=Article&contentId=1411973 http://www.cfm/the_glass_ceiling http://stopharass.emeraldinsight.com/leadership-articles/women-as-leaders-kiran-bedi981735.articlesbase.seattlepi.acjournal.html http://www.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_4_50/ai_n13629539/ http://careerplanning.serverwatch.asp http://worklifebalancingact.blogspot.Bibliography               http://findarticles.com/article-glass-ceiling.htm http://businessmanagement.com/2007/08/hittting-glass-ceiling-more-like.com/od/forwomenonly/a/glass_ceiling.php/3813206/Nehalem-Cracks-theVirtual-Glass-Ceiling.ibscdc.do.com/article.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_6_49/ai_n6099202/ http://findarticles.htm http://home.com/Insight/viewContentItem.com/virtualization/article.

financialexpress.htm#contentTop http://anshuman-jaiswal.html .html http://www.msn.com/topic/naina-lal-kidwai http://indiatoday.com/2008/12/glass-ceiling-in-corporate-world.com/display_page.htm#contentTop http://www.idiva.com/doc/11493239/Break-Your-Glass-Ceiling http://www.com/slide-show/2009/dec/01/slide-show-1-more-women-ceos-inindia-than-abroad.html http://articles.com/Investing/Extra/WalMartSuitShowsGlassCeilingStillA nIssue.scribd.com/getahead/2008/mar/07preeti.aspx http://business.htm http://www.answers.asp?section=research&id=1501 http://www.com/slide-show/2009/dec/01/slide-show-1-more-women-ceos-inindia-than-abroad.com/doc/24275804/Glass-Ceiling-Project http://business.rediff.csmonitor.rediff.rediff.moneycentral.html http://www.blogspot.com/Faculty_Column/FC862/fc862.intoday.indianmba.com/2007/0208/p01s02-ussc.com/bin/idiva/homepage_topstories_workandlife_womenontop_sexy http://www.scribd.Bibliography               http://www.in/site/Story/86594/Woman/Leading+ladies.management-issues.com/news/a-view-from-above-the-glass-ceiling/83021/0 http://www.

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