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CCS (Conduct) Rules, 1964

Sanjay Kumar
Under Secretary, NHRC
Rule 1 (3)-Applicability
 CCS (Conduct) Rules, 1964 applies to-
 Persons appointed to a civil service or
post including a civilian in Defence
Service in connection with the affairs of
the Union.
 Not applicable to –
 Railway Servants, members of AIS or
any other in respect of which the
President has directed that these rules
shall not apply.
Rule 2 (C)-Member of family
 Includes-
 Wife or husband
 Son or daughter or stepson/daughter
and wholly dependent on him
 Any other person related, whether by
blood or marriage to the G.S or to his
wife and wholly dependent on the
Government servant.
Personal behavior, deportment, mode of
action, any positive or negative act
The employee is expected to promote the
employer’s interest in connection with which
he has been employed…and a necessary
implication of such a contract is that the
servant undertook to serve his master with
good faith and fidelity.
Any act inconsistent with the faithful
discharge of duties prejudicial to the interest
or reputation of the master constitutes
Misconduct arises with ill motive and
excludes innocent mistakes.
All misconduct cannot be enumerated.
Rule-3 : General
(1) Every Government servant shall at all
i. Maintain absolute integrity
ii. Maintain devotion to duty; and
iii. Do nothing which is unbecoming of a
Government Servant.
• Integrity: is uprightness, honesty or purity
• What is honesty?
• Dishonesty:Whoever does anything with the
intention of causing wrongful gain to one
person or wrongful loss to another person,
is said to do that thing dishonestly.(I.P.C)
• ‘Devotion to duty’ has been used as
something opposed to indifference to duty
or easy going or light-hearted approach to
duty. It means faithfulness to service.
• A conduct which is indecent, reprehensible or
abominable involving moral though not legal
lapses, is also conduct unbecoming of Govt.
• Becoming conduct
– It should be in conformity with the ordinary
norms of decency & Morality, prevalent in the
society he lives.
– It shld be in consonance with the laws of a land
which he is bound to respect.
– There is not a deliberate breach of department
rules by the employees
• Rule 3: Aims at maintenance of efficiency,
commitment to duty, honesty and discipline
among Govt.employees
• Rules of conduct may and do vary from
time to time. They must at all times be
judged from a robust commonsense point of
view on a reasonable standard.
Rule-3 (continued)
(2) (i) Every G.S shall holding supervisory
post shall take all possible steps to ensure
the integrity and devotion to duty of all
government servants for the time being
under his control and authority;
(ii) No G.S shall in the performance of his
official duties or in the exercise of powers
conferred on him act otherwise than in his
best judgment except where he is acting
under the direction of his official
Rule-3 (continued)
(2) (iii) The direction of the official superior
shall ordinarily be in writing. Oral
direction to subordinates shall be avoided,
as far as possible. Where the issue of oral
direction becomes unavoidable, the
official superior shall confirm it in writing
immediately thereafter;
(iv) A G.S who has received oral
directions from his official superior shall
seek confirmation of the same in writing.
Rule-3 (Insertions)
3A- Promptness & Courtesy in discharge of
official duties and in dealing with public

3B – Observance of Govt.’s Policies

regarding age of marriage, preservation of
environment, protection of wildlife &
cultural heritage and prevention of crime
against women
3C - Prohibition of sexual harassment of
working women-
• No GS shall indulge in any act of sexual harassment of
any women at her workplace.
• In charge of a work place shall take appropriate
preventive steps.
• Sexual harassment includes such unwelcome sexually
determined behaviour, whether directly or otherwise, as –
(a) physical contact and advances;
(b) demand or request for sexual favours;
(c) sexually coloured remarks;
(d) showing any pornography; or
(e) any other unwelcome physical, verbal or non verbal
conduct of a sexual nature.
Rule 4 : Employment of near relative
 Not to use position or influence to
secure employment of members of
 Class-I officers require previous
sanction for employment of son or
daughter in firm with which there is
‘Official dealing’
 May accept “provisionally’ in urgency
and report later.
Rule 4
 Intimation for employment in ANY
firm/company of a member of his
Rule-5 Taking part and elections
• No G.S shall [5(1)]
– Member
– Associated with any political party
– Subscribe
– Assist any political movement
• [5(2)]Prevent family members from
– Taking part
– Subscribing
– Assisting
– If he fails to prevent his family members then will
make a report to the government
• No GS shall-
– Canvass/interfere/take part in elections
– Use his influence in connection with elections
to any legislature or local authority.
• However, may vote or participate in election
• Display of electoral symbol shall amount to
using influence
Rule-5- Instructions
• Political neutrality
• May attend public meetings
– Open to general public
– Does not himself speak/organise
Joining of Association-Rule 6
• No GS shall join or continue to be member
of an association the objects or activities or
which are prejudicial to the interests of the
sovereignty and integrity of India, or public
order or morality.
Rule-7- Demonstration/strike
• No Govt Servant shall –
• (i) engage himself or participate in any
demonstration which is prejudicial to the interest of
the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of
the State, friendly relations with foreign States,
public order, decency or morality, or which involves
contempt of Court, defamation or incitement to an
offence, or
• (ii) resort to or in any way abet any form of strike or
coercion or physical duress in connection with any
matter pertaining to his service or the service of any
other GS.
Rule-8- Connection with Press or
other media
• No Govt Servant shall, except with the previous
sanction of the Government, own wholly or in part,
or conduct or participate in the editing or
management of any newspaper or other periodical
publication or electronic media.

• Publishing a book or participating in a public media

in discharge of official duties?
Rule-9- Criticism of Government
No GS shall
– In any radio/telecast/electronic media
– In any document
– Communication in press or public utterances
• Adversely Criticise current or recent policy/
action of Govt.
• Exception-Office bearers of association/trade
• Embarrass relations between Centre & State
Govt. or between Central Govt. and the Govt.
of any foreign State.
Rule-10-Evidence before
• No GS shall except with the previous sanction
– Give any evidence in any enquiry conducted by any
person, committee or authority
– In case of sanction-shall not criticise poicy/ action of
• Exceptions for giving evidence to
– Authority appointed by Govt., Parliament or State
– Judicial enquiry
– Departmental enquiry
Rule-11- Communication of
Official information
• Every GS shall, in performance of his duties in
good faith, communicate information to a person
in accordance with the Right to Information Act,
2005 and the rules made thereunder:
• Provided that no GS shall, except in accordance
with any general or special order of the Govt. or
in performance in good faith of the duties assigned
to him, communicate, directly or indirectly, any
official document or any part thereof or classified
information to any GS or any other person to
whom he is not authorised to communicate such
document or classified information.
• No GS shall, except with the previous
sanction of the Government….. ask for or
accept contributions to or otherwise
associate himself with the raising of any
funds or other collection in cash or in kind
in pursuance any object whatsoever.
Rule 12-Instructions
 Collection on Flag Day exempted
Union may collect subscriptions from
members(not public)
(1)Save as provided in these rules no GS shall
accept or permit any member of his family or
any other person acting on his behalf to
accept any gift.
(2) May accept on occasions such as weddings,
anniversaries, funerals or religious functions
when making of gift is customary
• From near relatives or personal friends (Having
no official dealings)
• Will make a report to the Govt. if the value
exceeds prescribed limits
• Gp.A-25000
• Gp.B-15000
• Gp.C-7500
• Explanation:Gift includes free transport,
boarding, lodging or other services or any other
pecuniary advantage provided by any person
other than a near relative or personal friend
having no official dealings
• Note-1: A casual meal, lift or other social
hospitality shall not be deemed to be a gift.
• Note-2: A Government servant shall avoid
accepting lavish hospitality or frequent
hospitality from any individual, industrial or
commercial firms, organizations, etc. having
official dealings with him.
((3) In any other case G.S shall not accept
any gift without the previous sanction if
the value exceeds:
Group. A & B-1500
Group. C & D-500
Giving, taking, demanding or abetment of
dowry is misconduct.
Rule-14-Public Demonstration in
Honour of G.S
• Previous sanction necessary
• Farewell entertainment of substantially
private and informal character on the
occasion of retirement or transfer
Rule-15-Private Trade &
• Engage directly or indirectly in private trade
• Hold an elective office, or canvass for a candidate or
candidates for an elctive office in any body whether
incorporated or not.
• Canvass in support of any business or insurance
agency, commission agency etc. owned or managed by
any member of his family
• Take part in the registration, promotion, or
management of any bank or other company registered
or required to be registered under the Companies Act
1956 or any other law or of any co-operative society
for commercial purpose.
Rule-15-Private Trade &
• 15(2) May without previous sanction:
– Honorary work of social or charitable
– Occasional work-literary, artistic or
scientific character
– Amateur sports
• 15(3) Every G.S report if any member
of his family is engaged in a trade or
business or own or manages an
insurance agency or commission
• 15(4): unless permitted will not accept
any ‘fee’ for any work done by him for
any private or public body or any
private person.
Rule-15 A- Subletting and
vacation of Govt. accn.

• Finding of the Estate Office regarding

subletting is binding on the disciplinary
authority for the purpose of initiating the
disciplinary proceedings
– Supreme Court in SS Tiwari Vs UOI
Rule 16-investment, lending and borrowing

• (1) No GS shall speculate in any stock,

share or other investment:
• Occasional investments made through stock
brokers or other persons duly authorized
and licensed or who have obtained a
certificate of registration under the rules
Rule 16-investment, lending and borrowing

• Provided that a GS may give rise to , or

accept from, a relative or a personal friend
purely temporary loan of a small amount
free of interest or operate credit account
with a bona fide tradesmen or make an
advance of pay to his private employee
Rule 17-Insolvency and Habitual
• A GS shall so manage his private affairs as to
avoid habitual indebtedness or insolvency.
• Shall report full facts of the legal proceedings
(for recovery of debt or declaring him
Rule-18-Movable, immovable
18(1)(i). On first appointment shall submit a return
of his assets and liabilities
(ii). Submit annual return of property for Gr. A& B.

18(2) Except with the previous knowledge

acquire/dispose any immovable property by
lease, mortgage, purchase, sale gift either in his
own name or any member of his family.
[Previous sanction if the transaction with some
having official dealings with G.S]
Rule-18(3)- Movable property
18(3)-Transaction in movable property-
report within one month if the value
 20,000/- in case of Gr. A Officer
 15,000/- in case of Gr. C Officer
Rule-19-Vindication of Acts &
• No G.S shall except with the previous
sanction take recourse to any court or to the
press for the vindication of any official act
which has been the subject matter of adverse
criticism or an attack of a defamatory
Rule-20-Political influence
No G.S shall bring or attempt to to bring any
political or other outside influence to bear
upon any superior authority to further his
interests in respect of matters pertaining to
this service under the Government.
Rule-21-Restriction regarding
• Bigamy not allowed.
• Govt. may permit where permissible
under the personal law applicable to
both parties.
• Marriage with foreign national….
Rule-22-Consumption of
intoxicating drinks and drugs
A G.S shall
a) Strictly abide by any law relating to the
intoxicating drinks or drugs in force in any
area in which he may happen to be for the
time being;
b) Not be under the influence of any intoxicating
drink or drug during the course of his duty
and shall take due care that the performance
of his duties at any time is not affected in any
way by the influence of such drink or drug
(bb) Refrain from consuming any intoxicating
drink or drug in a public place;
(C) Not appear in a public place in a state of
(d) Not use any intoxicating drink or drug to

Explanation:Public Place means any place or

premised (including conveyance) to which the
pubic have or permitted to have access, whether
on payment or otherwise.
No G.S shall employ to work any
child below the age of 14 years