CHARACTERIZATION OF PA6.

6 AND PET FABRICS AND FILMS COATED WITH THIN FILMS OF TIO2 BY REACTIVE SPUTERRING
Author* ROSA BESSADA Supervisor: Ana Vera Machado, Co-Supervisors: M. Conceição Paiva, Uwe Herlett
* rosa.bessada@dep.uminho.pt

University of Minho School of Engineering Department of Polymer Engineer

Introduction
Nanoscale titanium dioxide (TiO2) films were successfully deposited on the surface of PET and PA6.6 fabrics and films by using direct current reactive magnetron sputtering, in the presence of a mixture of O2 and Ar at reduced pressure. The effect of time deposition on the surface structures and properties of the material was considered. The film surface morphology was analysed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and their chemical composition by Fourier Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIRATR) and energy x-ray analysis (EDX). Thermal properties were determined using the ALAMBETA device, accessing thermal conductivity ( ) and thermal resistance (r), and the Hot Rod Test.

Results
110

a)
T (%)

100

a)
T (% )

110

b)

100 0 0

0

70

60

70

40 600

50

100

2600 cm-1

2100

1600

1100

600

600

100

110 100

c)
T (% )

100

0 0

T (%)

60

40

ntreated PET film 40

20

PET film treated with 15 min TiO2 PET film treated with 0 min TiO2 PET film treated with 45 min TiO2 600 100 2600 cm-1 2100 1600 1100 600

0

P A 6. 6 film t reat ed wit h

P A 6. 6 film t reat ed wit h 45 m in TiO 2 20 600

Experimental Conditions
§

-3 Therm l Resist nce (10 m K/

n treated fabric

-3 Therm l Conductivity (10

-3

Therm l Conductivity (10

40 4

6 min TiO2 depos ition n treated fabric

Therm l Resist nce (10

45 min TiO2 depos ition

6

15 min TiO2 depos ition

20 2 10

50 2

a)

b)

c)

d)

0 PET fabric Silic on Coated PET fabric PA6.6 fabric

0 Silic on Coated PA6.6 fabric

0 PET film PA6.6 film

0

Tim e (s)

Figure 2. EDX spectra of TiO2 deposition: a) PET fabric; b) PA6.6 fabric; c) PET film and d) PA6.6 film. Fabrics treated with 45 min and films treated with 15 min.

Conclusion Acknowledgments
The authors gratefully acknowledge funding by FCT, Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, under the reference SFRH/BDE/15622/2006

Figure 4. Thermal properties for fabrics and films untreated and treated with TiO2: a) thermal conductivity for fabrics; b) thermal conductivity for films and c) Hot Rod test for fabrics

‡ TiO2 films were successfully deposited on PET and PA6.6 fabrics and films by reactive magnetron sputtering. ‡ SEM analysis showed that TiO2 sputtered particles covered completely the fibre surface, in the case of the fabrics, and the surface of PET and PA6.6 films. The TiO2 film exhibit a columnar morphology growth, through particles grains with smaller diameters, aligned and piled together, forming smoothness uniform TiO2 films, except in the case of PA6.6 films that present some pinholes in their structure with a not so uniform film formation. ‡ EDX and FTIR-ATR spectra confirm the presence of TiO2 film. ‡ Only PA6.6 exhibited a slightly improve of thermal properties.

Engenharia para a Qualidade de Vida: MOBILIDADE E ENERGIA ± Semana da Escola de Engenharia -11 a 16 de Outubro de 2010  

TiO2 Deposition: ‡ Custom-made magnetron sputtering system: ‡ Etching (pulsed power supply: I = 0.6 A; f = 200 kHz; Ton = 1536 ns) ‡ Ti target, connected to a dc power unit (100 A/m2); ‡ Gas mixture composed of Ar (60 sccm) and O2 (9 sccm). ‡ Deposition variable: time of deposition Fabrics:15, 45 and 96 minutes Films: 15, 30 and 45 minutes

,50 550 ºC ,00 650 ºC

c)

2,50

2,00

1,50

1,00

0,50

0,00 PET fabric PET fabric + Silicon Coated Silicon Coated PA6.6 fabric PA6.6 fabric + Silicon Coated Silicon Coated TiO2 PET fabric PET fabric+ TiO2 PA6.6fabric PA6.6 fabric+ TiO2 TiO2  

6 min TiO2 depos ition

¥ 

0 

¨ 

Films: ‡ PET film with a thickness of 1.08 mm; ‡ PA6.6 film with a thickness of 1.21 mm.

5 min TiO2 depos ition

4

£ 

100

¥

50

6

-3

15 min TiO2 depos ition

£

60 

150

m K/W)

W/mK)

/ m K)

¦    

)  

©

¨ 

Figure 1. SEM micrographs of TiO2 deposition: a) PET fabric; b) PA6.6 fabric; c) PET film and d) PA6.6 film. Fabrics treated with 45 min and films treated with 15 min.

©

Samples: Fabrics: ‡ PET woven fabric with a density of 240 g/m2 and a thickness of 0.35 mm; ‡ PA6.6 woven fabric with a density of 240 g/m2 and a thickness of 0.35 mm;

Figure . FTIR-ATR spectra of TiO2 deposition: a) PET fabric; b) PA6.6 fabric; c) PET film; and d) PA6.6 film
0 10

200

70

a)

¥

¥

¥

¥

d)

0

100

¥

£

¦

c)

0

70 60 50

nt reat ed P A 6. 6 film 0 m in TiO 2

P A 6. 6 film t reat ed wit h 15 m in TiO 2

¤

¢

¢

¤

¥

¤

b)

50

ntreated PET fabric PET fabric treated with 15 min TiO2 PET fabric treated with 45 min TiO2 PET fabric treated with 6 min TiO2

60

£

¡  

¥

¢

£

¢

£

¦

¡  

0

ntreated PA6.6 fabric PA6.6 fabric treated with 15 min TiO2 PA6.6 fabric treated with 45 min TiO2 PA6.6 fabric treated with 6 min TiO2
2600 cm -1 2100 1600 1100 600

d)

2600 cm -1

2100

1600

1100

600

10

b)
ntreated film 15 min TiO2 deposition 0 min TiO2 deposition ntreated film 45 min TiO2 deposition 15 min TiO2 deposition 0 min TiO2 deposition 45 min TiO2 deposition

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful