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Case Study

The presentation you are about to see contains

information about a specific research method in
education, CASE STUDY, allowing you to amplify the
understanding of contexts, communities and individuals,
but first we want to invite you to reflect on your existing
knowledge and beliefs about what you know about this
subject and bring it with you so we can have an
excellent experience throughout this presentation .
“To become an academic expert takes years
of studying. Academic experts are experts in
how and what others have done. They use
case studies and observation to understand a

Simon Sinek
Back in the 70’s

Began to gain great prominence in the

UK and USA. The approaches had a
strong focus on the positivist model

Measurements and statistics

The major stands to look into matters

related to education

Lawrence Stenhouse
Believe on the implementation of the case
study which he considered was useful for a
greater understanding with the communities

All throughout the 90’s

Till today this approach has proven to
be valid all around the world
Main Researchers
“ In essence, the emerging
problem was: how can we In education the
apply research to practice researcher should not be
in a field of social action unfamiliar with the
where the broad trends Lawrence settings where research
occured and that theory
revealed by statistical
analysis of result are not in
themselves reliable guides
Stenhouse specific to other
disciplines should not be
to action and do not allow imposed to education
us to establish firm laws
which could guide action”

Taken from: CASE STUDY IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND EVALUATION. Original paper by Lawrence Stenhouse
Robert K. Yin

American social scientist

known for his work on
case study research as
well as on qualitative
The defining
of case study
research is the
delimitation of
the case. “The case is a thing.
a single entity. a unit
around which there
are boundaries. The
Sharan Merriam case can be a
person, a program, a
group, a policy and
so on”

Taken from: Three Approaches to Case Study Methods in Education: Yin, Merriam, and Stake

The study of Sometimes People

small number of the case can
cases is study is claim
insufficient to useful only the
establish as an study
excellent exploratory case as
findings tool or to insuffici
establish a ent
The 6 steps key
1 3 5
Search and Prepare to Evaluate and
determine a collect the analyze the
research data data

2 4 6
Select the case
and determine Explore the
field and Prepare the
the data
collect the report
Determine and define the research questions

To establish To form To use a To formulate To assist in To define

a firm questions variety of one or more targeting and carefully the
research about a data questions formulating questions
focus problem to gathering that usually the questions
be studied methods begin with
and to “how” or
determine a “why”
purpose for
the study
2 Examine the choices available
from among many research tools
Select the
To determine what approaches to use cases and Right discrimination at the point
of selection

To determine which instruments

and data gathering approaches to use
data Select cases to represent a variety
of different parameters.
When using multiple cases, treat each gathering
as a single case To ensure that the study is well
and constructed

Carefully Select cases analysis

To establish a chain of evidence
techniques forward and backward
3 5 1
Carefully select the To organize systematically
investigators the data

4 2
To prepare good Collect To prepare in advance
training programs for
the investigators

3 To prepare
To collect and store multiple
1 sources of evidence
To observe the object of the comprehensively and
case study and identify causal systematically
factors associated with the
observed phenomenon To use field notes and
. 3
databases to categorize and
reference data
To maintain the relationship
between the issue and the
5 Enter some data into a database
and physically store other data

4 Collect data in the field

the report
Intrinsic vs. Instrumental Cumulative

Longitudinal Collaborative
Intrinsic vs. Instrumental

Basic purpose

Final product
The researcher becomes the
central subject around allowing
the research to be built by
drawing on reflective journals
or commentaries and other
forms of data collection

Building different
kind of

Can be conducted over a concise period of time such as a

term or can be extended to provide a deeper understanding of
the reflections development

Reflective case study
Longitudinal case study
Cumulative case study
These serve to merge
data from several
sources collected at
different times. The
idea behind these
studies is that the
collection of studies
will allow for greater
generalization related
to a single subject of
Different people belong to a research group who work
separately and asynchronously with a
similar purpose. The data and evidence collect come from different
sources and may have different perspectives

Collaborative case study

Joined efforts to analyze a shared subject of study and a shared purpose brings
different data together to create a solid and broad body of evidence that is relevant
to different contexts.
A case study is a qualitative type of study and
investigation that is characterized by a deep
and comprehensive examination of people or
groups to solve a problem.

It’s an educational methodology because it shows

advantages at the time of education, because it
adapts to different ages, as well as different levels
of training, which aims to promote students
responsibility for their own learning.

It is a strategy of significant learning, so that

not only facilitates the integration of
knowledge of matter, but also helps the
research to generate and promote team work
or independently.

➔ Bell, J. (2010). Doing your Research Project.
Mac Graw Hill
➔ Griffee, D. (2012). An Introduction to Second
Language Research Methods Design and Data.
University of California, Berkeley