You are on page 1of 17

Pollution

Ene Silviu Alexandru


Oprea Alexandru
Pencescu Vlad Teodor
Reyhan Ali
Stanculea Mircea Teodor
Pollution-What is it?

 Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the


natural environment that cause adverse
change. Pollution can take the form of chemical
substances or energy, such as noise, heat or
light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be
either foreign substances/energies or naturally
occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed
as point source or nonpoint source pollution. In 2015,
pollution killed 9 million people in the world.
What causes pollution?

 Anything which disturbs natural environment can


cause pollution. Much of pollution is caused by
human activities although there are natural causes,
such as forest fires. Humans are currently the main
contributor to pollution of our planet. For example,
industrial waste in water bodies damages and
disturbs the water life. Excess noise from
automobiles,cities, and airplanes causes noise
pollution.
Which are the effects of pollution?

 Greenhouse gases trap heat and make the planet warmer. Human
activities are responsible for almost all of the increase in greenhouse
gases in the atmosphere over the last 150 years.1 The largest source of
greenhouse gas emissions from human activities in the United States is
from burning fossil fuels for electricity, heat, and transportation.
 Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances
including gases, particles, and biological molecules are introduced
into Earth's atmosphere. It may cause diseases, allergies and even death
to humans; it may also cause harm to other living organisms such as
animals and food crops, and may damage the natural or built
environment. Both human activity and natural processes can generate
air pollution.
How many types of pollution are
there?

 The term "pollution" refers to any substance that


negatively impacts the environment or organisms
that live within the affected environment. The five
major types of pollution include: air pollution, water
pollution, soil pollution, light pollution, and noise
pollution.
Air pollution

 Fossil-fuel combustion by-products are the world’s


most significant threat to children’s health and future
and are major contributors to global inequality and
environmental injustice. The emissions include a
myriad of toxic air pollutants and carbon dioxide
(CO2), which is the most important human-produced
climate-altering greenhouse gas.
Water pollution

 Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies,


usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include
for
example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater.
Water pollution results when contaminants are introduced
into the natural environment. For example, releasing
inadequately treated wastewater into natural water bodies
can lead to degradation of aquatic ecosystems. In turn, this
can lead to public health problems for people living
downstream. They may use the same polluted river water
for drinking or bathing or irrigation.
Soil pollution

 Soil pollution occurs when the presence of toxic chemicals,


pollutants or contaminants in the soil is in high enough
concentrations to be of risk to plants, wildlife, humans and
of course, the soil itself. Arable land is turning to desert
and becoming non-arable at ever-increasing rates, due
largely in part to global warming and agricultural fertilizers
and pesticides, lessening the hope that we can feed our
booming population.
Light pollution

 Light pollution is a side effect of industrial civilization.


Its sources include building exterior and interior
lighting, advertising, commercial properties, offices,
factories, streetlights, and illuminated sporting
venues.
Noise pollution

 Noise pollution, unwanted or excessive sound that


can have deleterious effects on human health and
environmental quality. Noise pollution is commonly
generated inside many industrial facilities and some
other workplaces, but it also comes from highway,
railway, and airplane traffic and from outdoor
construction activities.
How can we stop pollution?

 There are many things you can do to reduce your impact on the environment. If
we all use energy, transport and other goods and services more carefully, we can
reduce harmful emissions to our air, land and water. Everyday choices have the
power to make a difference, and help protect our environment for a clean and
sustainable future.
 Commute smart by walking or riding to work or the shops instead of driving.
Motor vehicle emissions remain the most significant source of most common air
pollutants.
 Choose a fuel-efficient vehicle next time you are replacing your car.
 Save energy, by turning off the television and make sure you flick the light switch
when you leave the room. Not only will you save money on your electricity bill,
you will be reducing emissions from coal-fired electricity plants.
 Pollution is arised of man’s bad actions, so it can be
eliminated too.