are Shall/will Can May Must Have/has to Ought to ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ INDIRECT Was/were Should/would Could Might ‡ Had to .‡ DIRECT ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Am. is.

CHANGES OF ADVERB OF TIME & PLACE ‡ DIRECT ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ NOW TOMORROW NEXT WEEK TONIGHT TODAY YESTERDAY LAST NIGHT LAST WEEK HERE THIS THESE ‡ INDIRECT ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ THEN THE FOLLOWING DAY THE FOLLOWING WEEK THAT NIGHT THAT DAY THE DAY BEFORE THE NIGHT BEFORE THE WEEK BEFORE THERE THAT THOSE .

CHANGES OF TENSES ‡ DIRECT SIMPLE PRESENT SIMPLE PAST PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT CONTINUOUS ‡ PRESENT PERFECT CONT. ‡ PAST FUTURE . ‡ SIMPLE FUTURE ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ INDIRECT SIMPLE PAST PAST PERFECT PAST PERFECT PAST CONTINUOUS PAST PERFECT CONT.

1. STATEMENT HE SAID HE SAID TO ME HE TOLD ME THAT REPORTED WORDS .

‡ Anne told Agus that her father had got angry with her the night before. ‡ Jeffry said: ´I didn·t go to school today. ‡ Jeffry said that he hadn¶t gone to school that day.µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ They said to me that they were going to visit Borobudur the following day.STATEMENT EXAMPLE ‡ DIRECT ‡ They said to me: ´we are going to visit Borobudur tomorrow. . ‡ Anne told Agus: ´My father got angry with me last night.

there won·t be any changes in the Reported (Indirect) speech . ‡ Dessy says that she meets her boyfriend every Saturday.µ ‡ Indra says: ´I have seen that film for twice. ‡ Chandra says that he doesn¶t like sport.µ ‡ Chandra says: ´I don·t like sport. . ‡ DIRECT ‡ Cindy says: ´ I will come to your house tonight.µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ Cindy says that she will come to my house tonight ‡ Indra says that he has seen that film for twice.µ ‡ ´Dessy says: ´I meet my boyfriend every saturday.STATEMENT Exception: If the introductory sentence is in the Present Tense.

HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME TO INFINITIVE .

‡ Ronny told him to call him that night. . ‡ Siska asked Manu to give her a piece of paper.COMMAND EXAMPLE ‡ DIRECT ‡ The teacher asked me: Open your book page 65!µ ‡ Siska asked Manu: ´give me a piece of paperµ! ‡ Ronny told him: ´call me tonight!µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ The teacher asked me to open my book page 65.

HE ASKED ME HE TOLD ME NOT TO INFINITIVE .

‡ Subhan told them not to disturb him.COMMAND EXAMPLE ‡ DIRECT ‡ Santy asked Edy: Don·t Edy: leave me alone anymore!µ ‡ Valenxia asked Indra: Indra: ´Don·t hurt me anymoreµ! ‡ Subhan told them: ´Don·t disturb me!µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ Santy asked Edy not to leave her alone anymore. . ‡ Valenxia asked Indra not to hurt her anymore.

HE ASKED ME IF/WHETHER S + V + COMPLEMENT .

Bean asked Cyntia: Cyntia: ´have you collected your homework?µ ‡ Dessy asked William: ´can you accompany me to Lippo tonight?µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ Ricky asked Henry if/whether his father worked near there. ‡ Mr. Yes/No Question Example ‡ DIRECT ‡ Ricky asked Henry: µDoes your father work near here?µ ‡ Mr. ‡ Dessy asked William if/whether he could accompany her to Lippo that night. Bean asked Cyntia if/whether she had collected her homework.A. .

HE ASKED ME WHEN/WHAT S + V + COMPLEMENT etc. .

‡ My father asked my brother why he had arrived at home late the night before ‡ Handy asked the girl what her favorite movie star was .b. Wh.Question Example ‡ DIRECT ‡ The girl asked me: ´Where Do you come from?µ ‡ My father asked my brother: ´Why did you arrive at home late last night?µ ‡ Handy asked the girl: ´what is your favorite movie star?µ ‡ INDIRECT ‡ The girl asked me where I came from.

µ ‡ Patar asked Lina : ´Do you love me?µ ‡ My father asked me:´Have you prepared for your final exam? ‡ Anita told Ver: ³Don¶t tell me more about your boyfriend!´ ‡ My friend asked her: ³Stay with me forever!´ ‡ My headmaster asked me: ³ Where do you live?´ .‡ DIRECT ‡ The students said to the teacher: ´We haven·t done our assignment.µ ‡ My uncle said to my sister: ´I cannot come on your birthday party next month.

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