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Engineered for Tomorrow

A Project Presentation on

“Camouflage Robot-A Color Changing Spy


Robot”

PRESENTED BY PROJECT GUIDE

Varun A (1MJ15IS040) Mrs. Sanchari Saha


Yamini B (1MJ14IS052) AP & HOD, Dept of ISE
Presented By-
Mayank Yadav (1MJ15IS021) MVJCE, Bangalore
Preetham Guledal ( 1MJ14SCS04)
Monica R (1MJ15IS023)

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Agenda
Introduction
Literature Survey
Problem Identification
Objective & Methodology
Conclusion
References

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Introduction
• Science is developing new technologies to ease human life. One such invention of
this technology is specialized robots in the field of Internet of Things (IoT).
• Today, many military organizations take the help of military robots. These robots
used in military are usually employed with the integrated system, including video
screens, sensors, gripper and cameras.
• The main motive behind Camouflage Robot is to act as a virtual spy and to be sent
into the strategic locations of military importance for observation and warfare
purpose.
• The aim of the project is to design, manufacture and operate a robot via PC,
used as remote control device, a small mobile robot which can duplicate the colors
where it moves on, hence being camouflaged to the outside world.

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Literature Survey 1
Title “Design and Implementation of Spy Robot with Camouflage Technique” Assisted
by V. Mohan, Associate Professor, Saranathan College of Engineering, Trichy.
Year 2018
Methodology This multifunctional robot consists of 4 main blocks: Battery, Display, Wi-Fi
module, Motor Driver IC, Camera 12v battery provide supply to the robot and the
motor driver IC l293 used to regulate the supply from the battery to provide uniform
amount of power to motor , Capacitive display provides the outer layer of the robot
body it acts as a skin to the robot. Raspberry pi camera that connected to the robot is
compact in size and it has a high quality of the output image. These components are
controlled by the raspberry pi that is programmed to control the robot.
Technology The camouflage spy robot uses raspberry pi board and works on python language.
Existing System The proposed system is not cost-effective.
Issues
Future Work We can apply more Internet of Things concept which increases the system speed and
also achieve the efficiency in time.

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Literature Survey 2
Title Camouflage Color Changing Robot, Hitesh Shinde, Kirti Sonawane, Pranit Rane,
Atharva Pathak, Sumita Chandak
Atharva College of Engineering, University of Mumbai
Year 2018
Methodology First, input devices like cameras & ZigBee Trans Receiver should be connected to the
computer & then run the MATLAB software. Now run the graphical user interface file
& start all cameras by clicking Initialize Camera button. Keep the object
with sample color in front of the color detecting camera and click the Select Target
button to capture the image color of that object.
Technology ZigBee and MATLAB

Existing system issues Security threats

Future Work The robot can also be equipped with wireless camera which will help the user to keep
eye on enemy territory & to be controlled from remote location wirelessly

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Literature Survey 3
Title Hrushikesh G. Manoli, “Spy Robot for Patrolling LOC” (Semi-automatic
Unmanned Ground Vehicle)
Year 2016
Methodology The metal detector module was designed and simulated using “MultiSim‟
software. The program for the microcontroller was tested by building a
schematic in “Proteus‟ software and simulating it. The programming was done
using “CodeVision AVRTM‟ Atmel‟s code-ware. The circuit schematic and PCB
design was made using “CadStar‟ software at BEL, Pune, India. For robot
chassis with body, and PCB design refer “Technical Report‟. The transmission
was experimentally verified after PCB was completed.
Technology Software simulation, Breadboard, PCB fabrication
Existing system issues There are spy robots like “Daksha”, Zigbee controlled robots, Bluetooth
controlled etc. but they are bigger in size.

Future Work Infrared cameras may be used to enable night vision for the robots.

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Literature Survey 4
Title “SPY BOT:A BOOM FOR CAMOUFLAGING” SANGHMITRA RUPWATE

Year 2015
Methodology The objective behind making this project deals out with satisfying various functional
needs such as secretly spying or keeping surveillance over a desired target location.So
to overcome over motive we had interface various component with Micro-Controller
to control our robot according to our command. First of all to control the movement of
the robot we will interface the joystick
Technology ZigBee, Microcontroller

Existing system issues The „swarm-robot‟ developed with attacking ability have simpler arm geometry,
constraining their work-space.
Future Work Metal Detector can be added at the base of the robot for detecting land mines.

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Literature Survey 5
Title Camouflaged Colour Changing Robot for Military Purpose Vivek Khot, Ravindra
Joshi, Aashay Chavan, Sanket Dhumal
Year 2015
Methodology The main aim of the project is to design robot which has better range and
camouflaging feature to disguise the surrounding surface. Proposed design uses
atmega 16 microcontroller, which provide better stability and higher processing speed.
It has one inbuilt ADC port to which analog output of a sensor can directly feed. This
feature also help to reduce complexity and cost of the system. Proposed system uses
ZigBee which extend this range to 1.6 km. MOSFET is used to drive the LED strips
which will help to acquire colour of surrounding.
Technology ZigBee, Microcontrollers, MOSFET

Existing system issues Alarm facilities were not included.

Future Work X-ray can be used for detecting any hazardous material like bombs.

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Literature Survey 6
Title Into the woods: visual surveillance of non-cooperative and camouflaged targets in
complex outdoor settings
Terrance E. Boult, Ross J. Micheals, Xiang Gao, Michael Eckmann
Year 2017
Methodology The visual surveillance problem pertains to the the use of imaging sensors to monitor
the activity of targets in a scene. For example, monitoring human activity in office
environments via CCTV cameras, performing surveillance on vehicles at night with
long-wave infrared sensors, or tracking soldiers in the woods using omnidirectional
video are all visual surveillance problems.
Technology Visual surveillance system, CCTV cameras

Existing system issues There are spy robots like „Daksha‟, Zigbee controlled robots, Bluetooth controlled etc.
but they are bigger in size.
Future Work Automatic obstacle detection Surface detection can be achieved

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Literature Survey 7
Title “DEVELOPMENT OF CAMOUFLAGE TECHNIQUE
BASED MULTIFUNCTIONAL ARMY ROBOT” -Akash Kumar Singhal
Year 2018
Methodology The proposed design consists of Arduino Microcontroller, LED, Sensors, DC motors,
WI FI Module, WI FI camera. The PIR sensor is a high temperature electric device.
Whenever there is a change in infrared radiation due to the movement of surrounding
object, it generates an electric charge, and Fresnel lens is used to focus the infrared
radiation onto the object. Similarly, obstacle detection sensor will detect the obstacles
in the surroundings and produces the output signal. Wi-Fi Camera is used for the real
time interpretation of data. Arduino Microcontroller will guide the output devices by
taking the input signals from the sensors.
Technology Arduino Microcontroller, LED, Sensors, DC motors, WI FI Module, WI FI camera
Existing system issues Alarm facilities were not included.
Future Work Implementation of the real time camouflage feature to the proposed robot design and
to give a feature of autonomy to the proposed design of the robot

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Literature Survey 8
Title “SOLDIER ROBOT” Vidya Palve , Prathamesh Pandit, Jatin Patil , Tushar
Patekar, Mayur Bharti

Year 2017
Methodology The systems have transmitter side and receiver side. Transmitter side have control
over Robot and Screen for live system status and video which is recorded by
wireless camera fitted on robot. The data is transmitted wireless using RF Link.On
receiver side AVR controls the camera and motors using motor driver. Whereas Gas
sensor & Metal sensor takes continuous reading and forwards it to user side throw
RF Link. The colour is sensed by using colour sensors and a proportional value id
fed to the led strip using the microcontroller.
Technology AVR Atmega 328, Zigbee, DC Motor, RGB Colour Sensor
Existing system issues Lack of new technology and extra feature such as camera ,metal detection, gas
detection, it acquire colour depends on surrounding condition

Future Work Use of finer quality and more precise position sensing devices for better accuracy in
acquiring the target.
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Literature Survey 9
Title “Bio-Inspired Chromatic Behaviours in Surveillance Robots” - Sampath Kumar
Karutaa Gnaniar
Year 2016
Methodology The mechanical design of “PACHONDHI” consists of two plastic half spheres and a
central cylinder. The platform has a single central axle and uses two tiny brushed direct
current (DC) gear motors from Pololu for driving the wheels, to realize acceleration,
deceleration and steering. Controlling the two DC motors at different speed results in
steering and by counter driving the motors, turning on the spot can be achieved. The
central cylinder contains all of the electronics,batteries, camera and DC motors. It has
three controllers for perception, behaviour and motor.
Technology AiBall camera and its OpenCV based server module.
Existing system issues Robots will no longer be controlled by humans and human armies will be no longer as
important
Future Work Wireless data transfer to and from the control station will enable the observation and
firing platforms to be separated by greater distances

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Problem Identification
• IDENTIFICATION OF FRIEND OR FOE (IFF) SYSTEM FOR
ARMOURED​ ​FIGHTING​ ​VEHICLES.

• SITUATIONAL​ ​AWARENESS

• CAMOUFLAGE​ ​IN​ ​FIELD​ ​:​ ​THE​ ​INVISIBLE​ ​MAN

• UNATTENDED​ ​SURVEILLANCE​ ​CAMERA

• COMBAT​ ​ZONE​ ​TRACKING​ ​SYSTEM

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Proposed System
• Camera will send real time video and snapshots after a particular time interval, which could be seen on a
remote monitor, and action can be taken accordingly.
• DC motors are being used for the movement of robotic wheels for camera movement i.e. upward and downward
movement . The robot is surrounded by relay of LED’s which turns ON when a color is detected and camouflages
the robot.
• Heart of our robot is Atmel’s AT89S52.
• CC2500 is a FSK /MSK Transceiver module.
• Softwares used are Keil μVision 4.0. and μcFlash.
• The Keil μVision Debugger accurately simulates on-chip peripherals of 89S52device.
• Computer side software called μcFlash is executed that accepts the Intel HEX format file generated from
compiler Keil to be sent to targeted microcontroller. It detects the hardware connected to the serial port.

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Objective
• The main motive behind Camouflage Robot is to reduce human losses in military operations or
terrorist attacks. Camouflage Robot acts as a virtual spy and can be sent into the strategic locations
of military importance for observation and warfare purpose.
• The main objective of the Camouflage Robot is to enhance the machinery of the defense system.
• Secondary objective is to work in the field of Zoology for wildlife photography.
• The idea of the Camouflage Robot is based on the chameleon’s camouflage techniques.
• To achieve these goals, we used a LED matrix (RGB) which can diffuse uniform colors. Initially,
the robot can camouflage itself in red, green and blue color.
• The main application of our robot is to camouflage and pilot from afar an object, no matter what its
size is. So, in the Defense sector, such a system would allow large sized vehicles (e.g. armored
vehicles) to be much more camouflaged: indeed, the camouflage in the army has become necessary to
army missions, to move into an enemy land without being seen and protect soldiers since they can act
from afar.

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Methodology
• Camera is used to capture the surrounding environments color.
• It is used to check surrounding color presence and will give input to the MATLAB, image
processing.
• μc code is used on particular led depending on camera input sensed and the image processed by the
MATLAB.
• In our project we are using RGB LEDs for output.
• We will control robot motion through PC using CC2500.
• MATLAB software is helped to create PC side GUI coding. We will give input with the help of PC
side GUI through PC side CC2500.
• Camera is used to monitor surrounding activities that will display on PC side. Also we can control
camera movement using PC GUI.

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Conclusion
• The proposed system provides a helping hand to our security forces in detection of intruders.

• The robot can also be used in high altitude areas where human cannot survive.

• Moreover, the camouflaging feature makes it difficult to detect the robot by naked human eye.

• There is scope to improve the system by configuring it with multicolor camouflaging.

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References
• Dr. S. Bhargavi “Design of an Intelligent Combat Robot for War Field” International Journal of
Advance Computer Science and Application, volume 2, no.8, 2011.
• Dr. Shantanu K. Dixit, “Design and Implementation of e-surveillance Robot for Video Monitoring and
Living
• Body Detection”: International Journal of Scientific and Research Publication, volume 4, issue 4,
April 2014, ISSN 2250-3153.
• Dhiraj Singh Patel, “Mobile Operated Spy Robot”: International Journal of Emerging Technology and
Advance Engineering, volume 3, special issue 2, Jan 2013.
• Kalyanee N. Kapadnis et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com
ISSN: 2248-9622, Vol. 4, Issue 4( Version 2), April 2014, pp.06-09.
• Robotics:K . S. Fu, R. C. Gonzalez, C.S.G.Lee, book published by Tata Mc- Grew Hill, 2008, 1st
edition, ISBN:9780070265103(rf transmisi).
• A. Khamis, M. Pérez Vernet, K. Schilling , “A Remote Experiment On Motor Control Of Mobile
Robots”, 10th Mediterranean Conference on Control and Automation ED2002.
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Thank you

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