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Structure & Written

Expression
Grup 6
GROUP 6

▰Laura Nevaranda 1610211088

▰Khadijah Ratna W. 1610211094

▰Alfino Syahputra 1610211099

▰Zalyaleolita Yuliandhani H. Z. 1610211100

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SKILL 11
Agreement After
Prepositional
Phrases
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“ ‘Agreement’ means using a
singular verb after a singular or
uncountable subject and a plural
verb after a plural subject.

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“ Subject/verb agreement is simple :

If the subject of a sentence is SINGULAR,


then the verb must be SINGULAR

If the subject of a sentence is PLURAL,


then the verb must be PLURAL

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“ An “s” on a verb usually indicates
that a verb is SINGULAR

An “s” on a noun usually indicates


that the noun is PLURAL

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EXAMPLE

▰The dog(singular subject/noun) barks (verb) at night

▰The dogs(plural subject/noun) bark (verb) at night

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“ Subject/preposition agreement is simple :

If the subject of a sentence is SINGULAR,


then the verb must be SINGULAR

If the subject of a sentence is PLURAL,


then the verb must be PLURAL

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EXAMPLE

▰The door(singular subject/noun) to the rooms (preposition) is(verb) locked.

▰The doors(plural subject/noun) to the room (preposition) are(verb) locked.

Be careful on deciding which one is the subject and


which one is the preposition. Do not mistaken the
object of the preposition as the subject. 9
SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES

S (prepositional phrases) V
When a prepositional phrase comes between the subject and the verb, be sure that the
verb agrees with the subject.

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EXERCISE 11

▰ The cost of the clothes was higher than I had expected.


▰ The food for the guests at the party are on the long tables.
▰ The servers in this restaurant always does their job
efficiently.

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ANSWERS

▰The cost of the clothes was higher than I had.  CORRECT


▰ The food for the guests at the party are (is) on the long
tables.  INCORRECT
▰ The servers in this restaurant always does (do) their job
efficiently.  INCORRECT

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SKILL 12
Agreement After
Expressions of
Quantity
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▰When the subject is an Most (of the meal) was delicious
expression of quantity such as all, SINGULAR
most, or some followed by the
preposition of, the subject can be Most (of the meals) were delicious
singular or plural, depending on PLURAL
what follows the preposition of.
Most (of the food) was delicious
UNCOUNTABLE

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Tip

After a fraction or percentage, the verb agrees with the noun, e.g.

Two thirds (of the drink) is water. Half the birds were killed.

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SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER EXPRESSIONS OF QUANTITY
All
Most
Some of the (object) v
Half
Part
When an expression of quantity using of is the subject, the verb agrees
with the object

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EXERCISE 12

▰ All of the next chapter contains very important information.


▰ Most of the money is needed to pay the bills.
▰ Some of the questions on the test was impossible to answer.

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ANSWERS

▰ All of the next chapter contains very important information.


 CORRECT
▰ Most of the money is needed to pay the bills.  CORRECT
▰ Some of the questions on the test was (were) impossible to
answer.  INCORRECT

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SKILL 13
Agreement After
Certain Words

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“ Certain words in English are always
grammatically singular, even though they
might have plural meanings.

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EXAMPLE

Everybody in the theatre ARE watching* the film attentively

Everybody in the theatre IS watching* the film attentively

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SUBJECT/VERB AGGREMENT AFTER CERTAIN WORDS

These words or expressions are grammatically singular, so they take


singular verbs:
anybody Everybody Nobody Somebody Each (+noun)

anyone Everyone No one Someone Every


(+noun)
Anything Everything Nothing Something
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EXERCISE 13

▰ Everyone in the world needs love and respect.


▰ Someone have to clean up the house.
▰ You should understand that anything is possible.

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ANSWERS

▰ Everyone in the world needs (need) love and respect. 


INCORRECT
▰ Someone have (has) to clean up the house. 
INCORRECT
▰ You should understand that anything is possible. 
CORRECT

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THANKS!
Any questions?

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