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MASDAR CITY

THE CITY OF FUTURE

PRESENTED BY
KARTHIK KRISHNA 2K15/EN/027
KUMAR SOURABH 2K15/EN/028
Masdar City

 Masdar is planned to
be a zero carbon,
zero waste city.
 A city with
sustainable
transport,
sustainable
materials,
sustainable food,
sustainable water.
Masdar City

Project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates.


Being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala
Development Company.
Capital provided by the Government of Abu Dhabi.
Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and
Partners
Masdar City is being constructed 17 kilometres (11 mi)
east-south-east of the city of Abu Dhabi.
Initiated in 2006, the city was envisioned to cover 6
square kilometres and estimated to cost US$18-22
The City & People

As designed, the city would be home to 45,000 to


50,000 people and 1,500 businesses, primarily
commercial and manufacturing facilities specialising in
environmentally friendly products.
As of 2017, fewer than 2,000 people are employed in
Masdar, and only the 300 students of the Masdar
Institute live on site.
From the point of view of Materials Engineering

The criteria set by Sustainable Specification is followed which


include:

 Low or no added urea formaldehyde in wood products


 Preference for regional, recycled and responsibly sourced
materials
 Materials with low VOC content
Include installation and safety information on all harmful
and hazardous materials
BREAKDOWN OF ENERGY
GENERATION OF MASDAR
CITY
Masdar is aimed to be 100% powered by renewable
energy, while 170 MW (53%) of the total energy
usage is provided by Photo Voltaic.
The energy usage in Masdar City is supposed to be
less than 30 KWh per capita per day.
Two categories of solar panels used:

Photovoltaic Cells
Parabolic Reflectors
Masdar City Solar
Photovoltaic Plant
The facility produces about 17,500
megawatt-hours of clean electricity annually
and offsets 15,000 tonnes of carbon
emissions per year.
Quick Facts
Facility area: 210,000 square metres
Equipment: 87,777 modules (18,228 by
Suntech, 69,489 by First Solar)
Installed capacity: 10-megawatt peak
Energy generation: 17,564 megawatt-hours
annually
Emission reductions: 15,000 tonnes
annually

The solar panels used are expected to have a


The energy generated from solar radiation
alone makes up for 1/3rd of the total energy
required for the ongoing construction in
Masdar.
Other interesting and noteworthy initiatives
include the geo-thermal cooling project
(drilling deep underground to test the availability
of sufficiently hot, geothermal water to be used in
thermal cooling and as domestic hot water).
EVACUATED TUBE COLLECTORS

Consists of a
number of rows of
parallel transparent
glass tubes
connected to a
header pipe.
These glass tubes
are cylindrical in
shape.
Evacuated tube
collectors are
particularly useful
In addition to Power Generation:

Power usage in Masdar City is monitored through one


management system, and displayed through a series of
screens inside the buildings.
No light switches or taps in the city with all of these
features are controlled by motion sensors installed in the
buildings.
There also exists a solar cooling project ( air conditioning
systems consisting of conventional compression chillers powered
by electricity from photovoltaic panels or concentrated solar power
plants).
CLIMATE OF MASDAR CITY

Hot, humid and arid climatic conditions for most part


of the year.
Challenges to provide air conditioning which in turn
raises the energy budget of the city.
Wind Patterns of Masdar

The orientation of Masdar city is north-east to


south-west, to benefit from cool winds at night and
to minimise the incoming heat wave.
Masdar city is raised on a 23 foot-high concrete
base to maximize its exposure to winds.
A supersized wind tower is installed in the public
square, which uses convection of a wind flow to
mollify the heat, bringing thermal comfort for the
people at the plaza
WIND TOWERS
A simple empty cylinder with adjustable
louvres(blinds/shutters) at the top.
The primary purpose is simple: A tall cylinder
is capable of provoking a convection current as hot
air rises simply by standing there. This creates a
natural current of air flowing from the street level
of the city and up out the top of the tower – the
breeze it creates pulls hot air out of the city and
makes life in the plaza below considerably more
pleasant.
By adjusting the
louvers, the tower
can be “turned” to
catch any
prevailing winds
and therefore “pull
down” flowing air,
sending it
cascading into the
plaza to provide a
breeze which
ARCHITECTU
ItRE
works particularly well
because of the
deliberately narrow
streets of Masdar City –
designed that way to:
o Minimize the amount of
direct sunlight that
hits them.
o The breeze can be
channelled more tightly,
making it faster and
more effective.
The narrow streets of
Masdar cities utilize the
PV cells or balconies as
sloping cantilevers to
shield the streets from
sunlight.

This is aimed to
encourage modes of
commute like cycling
and pedestrians.
Masdar City has terracotta walls built in a
traditional arabesque pattern to beat the
scorching heat of the desert.
TEMPERATURE DROP ACHIEVED

The
temperature in
the streets is
generally 15 to
20 °C (27 to
36 °F) cooler
than the
surrounding
desert.
TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
 The initial design banned automobiles.
 Travel will be accomplished via public mass transit and
personal rapid transit (PRT) systems
 The absence of motor vehicles coupled with Masdar's
perimeter wall, has kept the temperature down.
BEACON OF CLEAN ENERGY OR GHOST TOWN IN THE MAKING??

 Masdar City was supposed to represent the future of sustainable energy and, for
a while, it did that. More than a decade in development, the planned community
on the outskirts of Abu Dhabi is falling well short of its original goals. Now, what
might have been the sparkling gem of the United Arab Emirates is on its way to
becoming the world’s first green ghost town.

 Due to the impact of the global financial crisis, the initial 1,000,000 square
metres (0.39 sq mi) was estimated for completion in 2015; final completion was
pushed back to between 2020 and 2030.
 These days, Masdar City is inhabited solely by students of the
Institute of Science and Technology – around 300 or so of them.

 Although some 300 companies, including Siemens, GE


Ecomagination, and Lockheed Martin, have a presence in Masdar
City today, most are said to be more or less in name only, with no
solid future plans to increase their foothold.

 Project planners have extended the completion date from 2015 to


2030, but giving up on the zero-carbon goal changes things
substantially.
THANK YOU