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MI1201 Rangkaian

Elektrik dan
Elektronika
AYU GARETA RISANGTUNI
KK-Instrumentasi dan Kontrol
Prodi Teknik Fisika-ITB ft. AKMET
Email: ayugareta@gmail.com
PENDAHULUAN
• WAKTU KULIAH:
 12 : (Senin 08.00-09.00)
 14-15 : (Senin 10.00-12.00)

• Pustaka Utama :
 C.K.Alexaner & Mathew N.O.
Sadiku, Fundamental of Electric
Circuit, Mc-Graw-Hill, 2004
 Paul Malvino, Electronic
Principles, 5th edition,
Mc.Graw-Hill, 2003

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Courses Syllabi
• Outcomes :
 At the completion of this course students will have the ability
to:
 An understanding of Basic concept of electric circuit
 An ability to apply the analysis of linear resistive network
 An ability to apply the analysis of linear dynamic circuit
 An ability to apply the analysis of sinusoidal stable state for
linear dynamic circuit and Concept of sinusoidal stable state
response
 A knowledge of electronic devices
 An ability to apply the analysis of elementary diode circuits
 An ability to apply the analysis of multistage Amplifiers
circuits using transistor and
 FET
 An ability to apply the analysis of operational Amplifiers
 An ability to apply the analysis of active filter
Aktivitas
Pengajaran : Kuliah dan Tutorial
Asesmen : Quiz, Mid Test and Final Test
Penilaian dan indeks:
Final = 0.10*(home work) + 0.30*(best of four Quiz) +
0.60*(Average Midtest and Final Test)

A ≥ 80
80 > AB ≥ 75
75 > B ≥ 70
70 > BC ≥ 60
60 > C ≥ 50
50 > D ≥ 40
Alexander-
Sadiku
Fundamental
s of Electric
Circuits
Chapter 1
Basic Concepts

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Rangkaian/model rangkaian
• komponen elektrik: baterai, lampu

• Komponen rangkaian ideal: model


matematika dari suatu rangkaian
komponen elektrik

Rs
R1
Circuit
Model
Vs

Emphasize the main


Actual electrical character Ideal circuit
component component
Neglect the left
character
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V R2 Vo R1  R2
   A
Vo R1  R2 V R2
1
V j C 1 1
  
Vi R  1 1  jRC 1  j 2fRC
j C

Vo A

Vi  f 
2

1   
 fc 
LOW PASS FILTER
(Orde 1)

V R2 Vo R1  R2
   A
Vo R1  R2 V R2

1
V jC 1 1
  
Vi R  1 1  jRC 1  j 2fRC
jC

1 V 1 Vo A
fc     
2RC Vi  f  Vi 2
1  j    f 
 fc  1   
 fc 
System of Units
Six basic units
Quantity Basic unit Symbol
Length meter m
Mass kilogram Kg
Time second s
Electric current ampere A
Thermodynamic kelvin K
temperature
Luminous intensity candela cd
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System of Units
The derived units commonly used in electric circuit theory

Decimal multiples and


submultiples of SI units
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Muatan listrik
• Muatan adalah properti elektrik dari suatu partikel
atom yang memiliki satuan coulombs (C).

• Muatan e dari satu elektron adalah negative dan


memiliki besar muatan 1.602  10-19 C, yang
merupakan muatan elektronik.

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Variabel rangkaian
• Arus listrik:
 is the time rate of change of charge, measured in amperes (A).

dq
i q adalah muatan dalam
dt coulombs (C)

direct current (DC) adalah suatu jenis arus listrik


yang nilainya tetap (terhadap waktu)
Arus
listrik alternating current (AC) adalah suatu jenis arus listrik yang
selalu berubah terhadap waktu, mengikuti pola fungsi
sinusoida

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A direct current (DC

An alternating current (AC)


Variabel rangkaian: Arus
• Arah aliran arus

Ion positif Ion negatif

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Arah referensi

i i >0 berarti arah arus sebenarnya sesuai


dengan arah referensi

i <0 berarti arah arus yang sebenarnya


adalah berlawanan arah dengan arah
referensinya

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• Voltage (or potential difference) is the energy required
to move a unit charge through an element, measured in
volts(V).
dw Where w is energy in joules(J)
v  And q is charge in coulombs(C)
dq

Reference direction or voltage polarity


V>0 means the real polarity is same to the reference
polarity

+ V - V<0 means the real polarity is opposite to the reference


polarity

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passive sign convention
i Passive sign convention is satisfied when current
enters through the positive polarity of the voltage.

+ V - Unless stated, we will follow the passive sign


convention throughout this course.

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Power and Energy
• Power is the time rate of dw dw dq
expending or absorbing p    vi
energy, measured in watts dt dq dt
(W).
i
• Mathematical expression:
+
i
v
+

v
Passive sign convention
– P = +vi p = –vi
absorbing power supplying power

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Daya dan energi
• The law of conservation of energy

p0
• Energy is the capacity to do work, measured in joules
(J).

• Mathematical expression

t t
w   pdt   vidt
t0 t0

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Variabel rangkaian
Active Elements Passive Elements

• A dependent source is an active element


in which the source quantity is
controlled by another voltage or current.

• They have four different types: VCVS,


CCVS, VCCS, CCCS. Keep in minds the
Independent Dependant signs of dependent sources.
sources sources 25
Variabel rangkaian
Example 2

• Obtain the voltage v in the branch shown in Figure for i2 =


1A.

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Circuit Elements
• Solution

• Voltage v is the sum of the current-


independent 10-V source and the current-
dependent voltage source vx.

• Note that the factor 15 multiplying the


control current carries the units Ω.

• Therefore, v = 10 + vx = 10 + 15(1) = 25 V

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Besaran apa?