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# MI1201 Rangkaian

Elektrik dan
Elektronika
AYU GARETA RISANGTUNI
KK-Instrumentasi dan Kontrol
Prodi Teknik Fisika-ITB ft. AKMET
Email: ayugareta@gmail.com
PENDAHULUAN
• WAKTU KULIAH:
 12 : (Senin 08.00-09.00)
 14-15 : (Senin 10.00-12.00)

• Pustaka Utama :
 C.K.Alexaner & Mathew N.O.
Circuit, Mc-Graw-Hill, 2004
 Paul Malvino, Electronic
Principles, 5th edition,
Mc.Graw-Hill, 2003

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Courses Syllabi
• Outcomes :
 At the completion of this course students will have the ability
to:
 An understanding of Basic concept of electric circuit
 An ability to apply the analysis of linear resistive network
 An ability to apply the analysis of linear dynamic circuit
 An ability to apply the analysis of sinusoidal stable state for
linear dynamic circuit and Concept of sinusoidal stable state
response
 A knowledge of electronic devices
 An ability to apply the analysis of elementary diode circuits
 An ability to apply the analysis of multistage Amplifiers
circuits using transistor and
 FET
 An ability to apply the analysis of operational Amplifiers
 An ability to apply the analysis of active filter
Aktivitas
Pengajaran : Kuliah dan Tutorial
Asesmen : Quiz, Mid Test and Final Test
Penilaian dan indeks:
Final = 0.10*(home work) + 0.30*(best of four Quiz) +
0.60*(Average Midtest and Final Test)

A ≥ 80
80 > AB ≥ 75
75 > B ≥ 70
70 > BC ≥ 60
60 > C ≥ 50
50 > D ≥ 40
Alexander-
Fundamental
s of Electric
Circuits
Chapter 1
Basic Concepts

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Rangkaian/model rangkaian
• komponen elektrik: baterai, lampu

## • Komponen rangkaian ideal: model

matematika dari suatu rangkaian
komponen elektrik

Rs
R1
Circuit
Model
Vs

## Emphasize the main

Actual electrical character Ideal circuit
component component
Neglect the left
character
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V R2 Vo R1  R2
   A
Vo R1  R2 V R2
1
V j C 1 1
  
Vi R  1 1  jRC 1  j 2fRC
j C

Vo A

Vi  f 
2

1   
 fc 
LOW PASS FILTER
(Orde 1)

V R2 Vo R1  R2
   A
Vo R1  R2 V R2

1
V jC 1 1
  
Vi R  1 1  jRC 1  j 2fRC
jC

1 V 1 Vo A
fc     
2RC Vi  f  Vi 2
1  j    f 
 fc  1   
 fc 
System of Units
Six basic units
Quantity Basic unit Symbol
Length meter m
Mass kilogram Kg
Time second s
Electric current ampere A
Thermodynamic kelvin K
temperature
Luminous intensity candela cd
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System of Units
The derived units commonly used in electric circuit theory

## Decimal multiples and

submultiples of SI units
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Muatan listrik
• Muatan adalah properti elektrik dari suatu partikel
atom yang memiliki satuan coulombs (C).

## • Muatan e dari satu elektron adalah negative dan

memiliki besar muatan 1.602  10-19 C, yang
merupakan muatan elektronik.

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Variabel rangkaian
• Arus listrik:
 is the time rate of change of charge, measured in amperes (A).

dq
dt coulombs (C)

## direct current (DC) adalah suatu jenis arus listrik

Arus
listrik alternating current (AC) adalah suatu jenis arus listrik yang
selalu berubah terhadap waktu, mengikuti pola fungsi
sinusoida

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A direct current (DC

## An alternating current (AC)

Variabel rangkaian: Arus
• Arah aliran arus

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Arah referensi

## i i >0 berarti arah arus sebenarnya sesuai

dengan arah referensi

## i <0 berarti arah arus yang sebenarnya

referensinya

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• Voltage (or potential difference) is the energy required
to move a unit charge through an element, measured in
volts(V).
dw Where w is energy in joules(J)
v  And q is charge in coulombs(C)
dq

## Reference direction or voltage polarity

V>0 means the real polarity is same to the reference
polarity

## + V - V<0 means the real polarity is opposite to the reference

polarity

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passive sign convention
i Passive sign convention is satisfied when current
enters through the positive polarity of the voltage.

## + V - Unless stated, we will follow the passive sign

convention throughout this course.

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Power and Energy
• Power is the time rate of dw dw dq
expending or absorbing p    vi
energy, measured in watts dt dq dt
(W).
i
• Mathematical expression:
+
i
v
+

v
Passive sign convention
– P = +vi p = –vi
absorbing power supplying power

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Daya dan energi
• The law of conservation of energy

p0
• Energy is the capacity to do work, measured in joules
(J).

• Mathematical expression

t t
w   pdt   vidt
t0 t0

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Variabel rangkaian
Active Elements Passive Elements

## • A dependent source is an active element

in which the source quantity is
controlled by another voltage or current.

## • They have four different types: VCVS,

CCVS, VCCS, CCCS. Keep in minds the
Independent Dependant signs of dependent sources.
sources sources 25
Variabel rangkaian
Example 2

1A.

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Circuit Elements
• Solution

## • Voltage v is the sum of the current-

independent 10-V source and the current-
dependent voltage source vx.

## • Note that the factor 15 multiplying the

control current carries the units Ω.

• Therefore, v = 10 + vx = 10 + 15(1) = 25 V

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Besaran apa?