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# TEMPERATURE

PREDICTION OF CONCRETE
VIA NUMERICAL ANALYSIS
H.P.RATHNAYAKA
PG/E/ST/2017/039

## Supervised By: Dr. H.D. Yapa

OUTLINE
▪ Objectives
▪ Methodology
▪ Adiabatic Temperature Rise of Concrete
▪ Development of FEM model
▪ Results comparison
OBJECTIVES
▪ Formulation of FE model
▪ Validation of FE model with experimental data
▪ Experiments on industry used concrete mixtures to develop adiabatic
curves
▪ Composition of Set of guideline to control temperature in typical
structures
METHODOLOGY

## Develop Development of Validation

curves model

Experiments on
Composition of Set of
industry used concrete
guideline
mixtures
▪ For accurate determination of the heat generation and adiabatic
temperature rise of concrete adiabatic curing test is needed.
▪ The test requires a controlled environment that is capable of preventing
heat transfer from the concrete specimen to the surroundings and vice
versa. Therefore, the adiabatic curing test is very difficult and costly.
▪ Semi-adiabatic curing test method with heat loss compensation has
been developed in literature.
60

50

40

30

20

10

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160

## Adi abatic Temperature Ri s e Semi Adi abatic Temperature Ri s e

DEVELOPMENT OF FEM MODEL
▪ To verify the model and the procedure three published research papers
were followed;
1. Lee et al. Model - Foundation size 15m x 12m x 1m Concrete
cube size 7.5m x 10m x 3m
2. Wenchao et al model - Foundation size 26m x 26.3m x 2m
Concrete cube size 24m x 24.3m x 1.8m
3. Madupushpa et al experiment – Foundation size 2m x 1.35m x
0.6m Concrete cube size 1m x 0.35m x 0.7m
1. LEE ET AL. MODEL

## ▪ Model ▪ Adiabatic Temperature Rise Curve

• Foundation size 15m x 12m x 1m
• Concrete cube size 7.5m x 10m x 3m
• Compressive Strength of Concrete at Age of 28 Days : 3.059e+6 kgf/m2
• Convection Boundary Surfaces: Convection Coefficient 13.956 W/m0C
• Prescribed Temperature : 200C
1. LEE ET AL. MODEL

## ▪ Implemented Model ▪ Temperature Behaviour

1. LEE ET AL. MODEL

Temperature [C]
60

50

40

30

20
PSLB_352 PSLB_442

10 Type IV

0
0 250 500 750 1000 1250 1500
Time(hr)
▪ Output in the research paper ▪ Output in the implemented model
1. LEE ET AL. MODEL

PSLB_352 PSLB_442

Type IV

▪ Comparison
2. WENCHAO ET AL. MODEL

Temperature 0C
▪ Model ▪ Adiabatic Temperature Rise Curve
Concrete Soil
Density 2401 kg/m3 Density 1600 kg/m3
Specific Heat 1.01 kJ/kg.C Specific Heat 0.84 kJ/kg.C
Thermal Conductivity 9.33 kJ/m.h.C Thermal Conductivity 7.12 kJ/m.h.C
Poisson’s Ratio 0.2 Poisson’s Ratio 0.2
Concrete cube size 24m x 24.3m x 1.8m Foundation size 26m x 26.3m x 2m
2. WENCHAO ET AL. MODEL

## ▪ Implemented Model ▪ Temperature Behaviour

2. WENCHAO ET AL. MODEL
77.5

72.5

67.5

62.5

57.5

52.5

T(C)
47.5

42.5

37.5

32.5

27.5
-50 0 50 100 150 200 250 300

t(h)

## ▪ Output in the research paper ▪ Output in the implemented model

2. WENCHAO ET AL. MODEL
FEM-Model ed

▪ Comparison

## 1000 mm × 7000 mm × 350 mm concrete grade 35 specimen

Thermal conductivity of hydrated concrete and thermal conductivity of floor were taken as 2.5 W/m.K (Wasala,
2014) and 1.2 W/m.K (Brown, 2005)
Heat transfer coefficient of 12mm plywood and air were mentioned as 6.5 W/m2 ℃ and
23 W/m2 ℃ respectively (Yongkim, et al., 2005).

## ▪ Implemented Model ▪ Temperature Behaviour

▪ Convergence Test

## ▪ Selected Mesh size – 50mm x 50mm x 50mm in concrete cube

60
• The maximum temperature occurs
50 at the predicted temperature
profle was 53.5 ℃ and that value
40 of actual temperature profle was
55.5℃.
Temperature [T]

30

## • The percentage of the temperature

20
difference at center node was 3.7%.
10
• Variation in descending branch after
0
18hr is due to 2nd stage concrete
casting and formwork was removed
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140

Time(hr)
after occurring the peak
Predi cted Temperature Actua l Temperature 2nd Phas e Starting Poi nt
temperature and starting
▪ Comparison
CONTINUATION OF RESEARCH
▪ The predicted temperature rise of the numerical model of the concrete
mass using MIDAS FEA has a good level of accuracy.
▪ In the next stage, conducting experiment on industry used concrete
▪ Using this formulated FE model described above, and modeling typical
structures to predict the heat of hydration graphs
▪ As the fnal outcome composing the data gathered above of set of
guideline to control temperature in typical structures will be presented for
future references.
TIMELINE
REFERENCES
▪ Madupushpa, K.D., Kahatapitiya, N.K.S.S., Yapa, H.D., Numerical
Prediction of Concrete Temperature. ACEPS-2017, pp347-354.
▪ Midas FEA Training Series, HA-1. Heat of Hydration – Cooling Pipes.
▪ I.Y.T., Kwan, A.K.H., Heat Loss Compensation in Semi-adiabatic Curing
Test of Concrete. ACI Materials Journal. Volume 105, No 1, pp52-61.
(2008).
▪ Ng, I.Y.T., Ng, P.L., Kwan, A.K.H., Effects of Cement and Water Contents
on Adiabatic Temperature Rise of Concrete. ACI Materials Journal.
Volume 106, No 1, pp42-49. (2009a).
THANK YOU !