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Clause of Contrast
By 5th Group:
• Cholifatur Rohmah
• Bella Rizqi Romadhona
• Enny Rosidah
• Sistiyani DM
• Florensa Widho Kuncoro

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Definition

• There are two types of clauses of contrast, concessive and adversative.


The concessive clause offers a partial contrast-it states a reservation
that does not invalidate the truth of the main clause. The adversative
clause makes a stronger contrast that may range all the way to complete
opposition.(Modern English: Marcella Frank).

• These clauses are used to make two statements, one of which


contrast with the other or make it seem surprising. They are introduced
by the subordinating conjunctions like “although, though, even
though, despite, in spite of, whereas, while, even if and
however. (www.learnesl.net)

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Clause
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Concessive Clauses Adversative Clauses

• Though (less formal) • While


• Although • Where
• Even though
• Whereas
• Granted (that)
• When
• Granting (that)
• Conceded that
• Admitted that (less common)
• In spite of the fact that
• Despite the fact that
• Regardless of the fact that
• Not with standing the fact that

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Although, Even
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though
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Although, Even though can be used at the beginning or in the middle


of a sentence.

Example:
• Although/Even though our teacher is boring, we still love English.
• We still love English, Although/Even though our teacher is boring.

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Though

• It is informal.
• Conjunction "As" can be used as an alternative to replace conjuction
"though". In its preparation, conjunction "though" and "as" have
special patterns. That is :
Adjective / Adverb + as / though + subject + verb
Example:
Bella still loves her ex though her ex does nt love her anymore.

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Despite In spite
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of title style

Despite
+ Noun Phrase/V-ing
In spite of

Example:
In spite of/despite my fussy mother, I still love her.
In spite of/despite having a fussy mother, I still love her.

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spite of the fact that

Despite the fact that


+ Subject + verb
In spite of the fact that

Example:
Despite the fact we have a cruel chief of class, we still like her.

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Whereas,
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Exaample:
• Florensa is quite and shy, while his girlfriend is lively and talkative.
• Enny likes hard work, when her boss is quite lazy.

Generally when the adverbial clause is at the end of a sentence it


does not use comma punctuation, but sometimes some writers give
comma punctuation marks after this position.

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Thank You

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