You are on page 1of 15

GPS Project- Foner Presentation

Fighting For The Four Freedoms:


World War II, 1941-1945
➢Chapter 22
➢Period 7: Progressivism,
Imperialism, WWI,
Twenties, Depression, and
WWII
Advanced Placement United States History
Ms. Montes Presented by: Xiomara Alarcon
Spring 2019
Introduction
The American century was the name give for the time period after World War II. Give Me Liberty
Chapter 22 by Eric Foner discusses the topic of freedom and liberty based on president Roosevelt’s views
of a future world order; freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from
fear were essential freedoms and allies war aims during World War II. World War II changed
dramatically the United States in a way that emphasize many post-war trends and social movements and
gave the nation a new and lasting role and reinforced that American’s security required the global
dominance of Americans values. The war expanded the development of wartime mobilization size and
the reach of government and made historically changes on the America’s economy.
Historical Causation

● Political and economic instability in Germany


● The harsh conditions of the treaty of Versailles and the rise of power of Adolf
Hitler and his alliance with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union
● World War II was the war of ideologies, such as Fascism and communist
● WWII was he most widespread and violent war in history along with other wars in
Europe
● 60-85 million dead
● As war began in Europe, Americans divided over the
countries’ involvement
● US enters WWII after Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
Patterns of Continuity and Change Over Time
● Industrial capacity, population, and military power dramatically increased.
● In 1938, Hitler successfully annexed Austria into Germany by combining his
forces and becoming a stronger nation to be able to take over and carry out his
plan.
● In World War II, because of the growth in technology- submarines and tanks
became larger, faster, and more powerful
● After WWII, the old powers were gone, the empires were disbanded and Europe
itself was split
● The new world organization was a bipolar model with two superpowers leading
the discussion
● The United States and the Soviet Union emerged as a focal points
of the new international structure.
1939-1945 World War II
➔ Fighting for the four freedoms

Periodization
1930s The ➔
RoadOminous
to Wardevelopments in Asia and Europe
● World War II witnessed the birth of the overshadowed events in Latin America

modern civil rights movement.


War ➔
in Europe
● By the 1939 Nazi invasion of Poland, the war 1938-1940 Congress in 1940 allowed sale of arms to
Britain on Cash and Carry basis
dragged on for six bloody years until the
Allies defeated Nazi Germany and Japan in 1941 Pearl Harbor
1945. ➔ Japanese planes bombed U.S Naval base
at Pearl Harbor
● The war brought American Indians closer to
mainstream American life 1943 Mobilizing for the War
➔ WWII transformed the role of national
government

1944- 1945
Labor
➔in Wartime
Wartime agreement between government,
business, and labor

1944 The American Dilemma


➔ Four freedoms celebrated diversity and
equality

1945 The end of the War


Comparison
● The war created a close link
between big business and a
militarized federal government
● To Roosevelt the Four Freedoms
expressed deeply held American
values worthy of being spread
worldwide
Contextualization
● Some causes of World War II
were the aggressive actions of
Germany, Japan, and Italy and the
German resentment caused by the
Treaty of Versailles.
● The Great Depression also
allowed authoritarian rulers to
come to power, which moved the
world closer to war.
● One major effect of World War II
was the use of nuclear weapons
and developed technology in war,
which would later lead to the
Cold War.
Historical Argumentation

● The great national debate about whether the United States


should get involved in World War II essentially ended when
the first bombs fell on the Hawaiian Islands.
● On December 10, Germany declared war on the United States
even though Hitler’s treaty with Japan was a defensive
arrangement to maintain allies between both countries.
● The United States had great military potential but it was not
compared as having Germany as an enemy because Germany
was the greater threat for destruction.
Appropriate Use of Relevant Historical Evidence

● Many of the battles of World War II had been


fought in Europe, and the countries were
devastated by the major destruction and loss of
life left by the war.
Interpretation

● President Roosevelt declared four freedoms for the people to


accomplish, as the rights of every citizen and every race, whenever
they live, and made clear the difference between citizens and the
enemies the United States faced during the 19 century.
● For the United States, entering World War II brought complications
to its expansion and economy growth but according to President
Dwight D. Eisenhower, the war gave the nation a new and lasting
international role and greatly strengthened the idea that America
security was global in exdenting.
● President Eisenhower’s goal for America’s vision
was to have equality within societies and to ensure
that all Americans could present the right to vote.
Synthesis
● President Roosevelt offered incentives during World War II to spur production low-interest loans, tax concessions,
and contracts with guaranteed profits.
● Organized Labor describe the war as a crusade for freedom
● To Roosevelt, the four freedoms expressed deeply held American values worthy of being spread worldwide
● The nation engaged in an unexpected mobilization of “women power” to fill industrial jobs vacated by men
● Women made up more than one-third of the civilian labor
● During the war, the government, employers, and unions depicted work as a temporary necessary, not an expansion
of women’s freedom
● When the war ended, most female warn workers lost their jobs
● In 1944, the president Roosevelt originale Bill of Right as in a way to restrict the government in the name of liberty
● Mexican-Americans had the right to serve in the armed forces during WWII
● The war brought many American Indians closer to the mainstream of American life
● WWII spurred a movement of black population from the rural South to the cities of the North and West that dwarfed
the Great Migration of World War I and 1920s
● When WWII began, the Air Force and marines had no black members
● Global imposition of white supremacy brought the feeling of racial solidarity across national geographical lines
● August 6, 1945, American planes dropped an atomic bomb on Japan
● Allies agreed to establish a successor to the League of Nations
● World War II brought peace within nations but not harmony
Investigate the World Communicate Ideas

● Give Me Liberty Chapter 22: ● I communicate ideas through this


fighting for the four freedoms presentation by providing a summary of
(World War II) connects with the the events caused by World War II and
GPO: Investigate the World the cause and effects of each historical
because the war was fought against event that create conflicts/destruction
powerful and developed nations within countries.
around the world that disagree with ● I communicate the impact of World
Germany aggressive actions and War II worldwide.
the ignorance of other nations that
support the Germans.
● Investigate the world through
exploring all countries involved in
fighting for their land and
prosperity.
Recognize Perspectives Take Action

I recognize president Roosevelt’s By educating and lecturing students


views of United States as a United on the events that led to the World
nation with equality rights for the War II and all the suffering and loss
people. By recognize the motives the country went through while
behind president Roosevelt’s defending its title- image.
decisions of formulating freedoms for
the people of the US and the motives
of each country to enter World War
II.
Conclusion

World War II produced a radical redistribution of world power. Only the


United States and the Soviet Union were able to project significant influence
beyond their national borders as a result of the war. The Four Freedoms speech
and the Atlantic Charter had been intended to highlight the differences between
Anglo-American ideals and Nazism. World War II was fought to help to lay the
foundation for postwar ideals of human rights that extend to all mankind. After
World War II, Europe created a division to be solidified in the Cold War along
with the United States.
Works Cited

Foner, Eric, “Give me Liberty: an American History”, Chapter 22: Fighting for the Four
Freedoms: World War II (1941-1945).W.W. Norton & amp; Company, 2017, pp.
903- 947.

Company, “The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History”. AP US History Study


Guide- World War II. Copyright ©, published: 2009-2019.