ZigBee

Presentation by ‡Srinivas Shenoy. ‡Yateesh Kumar.M.N.

Outline ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Introduction. ZigBee Advantages And Applications. Initialization And Operation. ZigBee Topologies. ZigBee Architecture. .

Introduction. .

15. digital radio connections between computers and related devices. i.4 Wireless Networking Standards. . ‡ IEEE 802.4-2006 is a standard which specifies the physical layer and media access control for low-rate wireless personal area networks (LR-WPANs). ‡ It is ratified under IEEE 802.15.e. long battery life. ‡ ZigBee is targeted at radio-frequency (RF) applications that require a low data rate. and secure networking.What it is? ‡ ZigBee is an established set of specifications for wireless personal area networking (WPAN).

.General characteristics.

250kb/s.4 LR-WPAN ‡ Many devices ‡ Data range is nearly 10m ‡ Data rate is 20 kb/s. IEEE 802. . Bluetooth based WPAN ‡ Few devices ‡ Data range is 10m to 100m ‡ Data rate is nearly 1Mb/s ‡ Power consumption is a low.15. ‡ Battery lasts years.15. IEEE 802. ‡ Star only. Tree. ‡ Battery life is low.40kb/s. ‡ Power consumption is ultra low. Star.4. Mesh. ‡ peer to peer.Bluetooth vs.

low-power. ‡ An Organization with a mission to define reliable. cost-effective. monitoring and control products based on an open global standard. Technology providers. and application protocols. This includes network. non-profit industry consortium consisting of Leading semiconductor manufacturers. security. worldwide. wirelessly networked.ZIGBEE alliance. End-users. . ‡ The ZigBee Alliance is an association of companies involved with building higher-layer standards based on IEEE 802. ‡ A rapidly growing.4.15.

.Architecture.

.Basic Architecture.

Basic Architecture. key management and authentication). 2. . 1.Physical/Data Link Level ‡ The Physical/Data Link level is concerned with low-level network operation such as addressing and message transmission/reception. 3. routing and security (encryption.Application Level ‡ The Application level contains the applications that run on the network node.ZigBee Stack Level ‡ It consists of stack layers concerned with network structure.

4 PHY ‡ Features ± Activation/Deactivation of radio transceiver ± Energy Detection (ED) ± Link Quality Indication (LQI) ± Channel Selection ± Clear Channel Assessment (CCA) ± Transmission/Reception of packets over physical medium .15.IEEE 802.

15.4 PHY ‡ PHY protocol data unit ± SHR ± allows receiving device to synchronize with bit stream ± PHR ± contains frame length information ± Variable length payload carrying MAC sublayer frame .IEEE 802.

4 MAC ‡ Features ± Beacon Management ± Channel Access ± Guaranteed Time Slot (GTS ) management ± Frame Validation ± Acknowledged Frame Delivery ± Association/Dissassociation with PAN coordinator .15.IEEE 802.

4 MAC ‡ Superframe Structure ± Format defined by coordinator ± Bounded by network beacons ± Divided into 16 equally sized slots .IEEE 802.15.

Application layer. where messages can originate and terminate. Endpoints These application instances on a node are said to be endpoints. Endpoint addresses for user applications are numbered from 1 to 240. ZigBee Device Objects (ZDO) Endpoint address 0 on each node is reserved for a special application called the ZDO (ZigBee Device Objects). .

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Application frameworks and saps ‡ Application Framework The Application Framework (AF) contains the application objects and facilitates interaction between the applications and the APS layer ‡ Service Access Points A Service Access Point (SAP) implements a set of operations to pass information and commands between layers .

. Request . 4.‡ There are usually four types of operation implemented by a SAP: 1. Indication. Confirm. Response. 3. 2.

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