0 views

Uploaded by Charmane Lizette Tarcena

Physics 1

- Centripetal Force Bridges Fair Banked
- chap4.pdf
- SYJC-Chap1-CircularMotion
- 01 - Uniform Circular Motion
- Cal132 Properties of Vector Arithmetic and Applications
- Suvat
- LAB MEC424-Slider Crank
- dynamics12lecture.ppt
- April 21
- Smart Sensors Excerpt - RC Car
- class -xi pre unit test -ii -2016
- TM_1B_Ch5e
- Heat Notes
- Impact Attenuator Calculations
- Numeircal Methods (1)
- The Meaning of Shape for a P-t Graph
- Abp Centripital Acceleration Quiz v3 2013-06-27
- Acceleration
- Engg[1].Mechanics Study Matl
- Magnetic Forces and Fields-1

You are on page 1of 20

Circular Motion

UNIFORM CIRCULAR MOTION (UCM)

UCM is the motion of a body of mass m moving with

constant speed v in a circular path of radius r.

period (T) – the time it takes the body to

m

make 1 revolution.

vo

frequency (f) – the number of revolutions r

m

a body makes per unit time.

r

1 1

T f v

f T

tangential speed (v):

2 r v 2 r f

v

T

v v vo

centripetal acceleration: ac ac

t t

v vo v vo m

v v

r s vo

vo vo m

r

v s

v r v

v r

v s v t v v 2 v2

ac

v r r t r r

v v vo

centripetal acceleration: ac ac

t t

v vo v vo m

v v

r s vo

vo vo m

r

v s

v r v

v r

v s v t v v 2 v2

ac

v r r t r r

v2

centripetal force: Fc m ac Fc m

r

2 r f

2

Fc m

r

Fc 4m 2 r f 2

2 r

2

4m 2 r

Fc m

T Fc

r T2

Chapter 04, Problem 056

An Earth satellite moves in a circular orbit 879 km above Earth's

surface with a period of 102.3 min. What are (a) the speed and (b)

the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration of the satellite?

Chapter 04, Problem 067

A boy whirls a stone in a horizontal circle of radius 1.7 m and at height

1.6 m above level ground. The string breaks, and the stone flies off

horizontally and strikes the ground after traveling a horizontal distance

of 9.0 m. What is the magnitude of the centripetal acceleration of the

stone while in circular motion?

ANSWER: 146 m/s2

UCM: Conical Pendulum

Consider a body of mass m tied at the end of a string

and moving in a horizontal circle of radius r.

m v2

T cos mg T sin Fc

r

m v2

T sin v 2

r

T cos mg rg

v2

tan

rg

Example 3.

A small ball of mass 50.0 g is tied at the end of a 75.0-cm

long string and is whirled in a horizontal circle as a conical pendulum

where the string makes an angle of 40.0o with the vertical. Determine

(a) How many revolutions does the ball make in 1 minute?

(b) What is the tension in the string?

ANSWERS: (a) 39.4 rev (b) 0.640 N

UCM: Rounding a Curve

Consider a car of mass m making a turn around a curve

of radius r on a horizontal road. With what maximum speed

can the car make the turn?

FREE-BODY-DIAGRAM:

N

N mg to center of

circular path

m v2

f Fc mg f

r

mg

v max g r friction force

Example 4.

An SUV with a total mass of 1540 kg is to round a curve of

radius 50.0 m. If the coefficient of static friction between the tires

and the road is 0.900, with what maximum speed can the SUV make

the turn?

UCM: Rounding a Banked Curve (frictionless)

Consider a car of mass m making a turn around a curve

of radius r banked at an angle . With what maximum speed

can the car make the turn without relying on friction?

FREE-BODY-DIAGRAM:

N cos mg N sin Fc

N

2

mv

N sin

r

N cos mg

N sin

2

v

tan

rg to center of

circular path

mg

v max tan g r

Example 5.

An SUV with a total mass of 1540 kg is to round a banked

curve banked at an angle of 7.10o and of radius 50.0 m. speed can

the SUV make the turn?

UCM: Rounding a Banked Curve (with friction)

Consider a car of mass m making a turn around a curve

of radius r banked at an angle . With what maximum speed

can the car make the turn?

FREE-BODY-DIAGRAM:

N cos mg f sin to center of

circular path

N cos

N cos mg N sin N

mg

N

cos sin

N sin

Fc N sin f cos

f f

2

N sin cos

mv

r mg

mv 2

mg

sin cos v rg

sin cos

r cos sin cos sin

Example 6.

A 1540-kg SUV is merging onto a highway on a banked curve.

The curve is banked 7.1o from the horizontal. The coefficient of static

friction between the tires and the road is 0.900. With what maximum

speed can the SUV make the turn? The radius of the curve is 210 m.

v (210)(9.8)

sin 7.1 (0.9) cos 7.1 48.7 m / s

cos 7.1 (0.9) sin 7.1

VCM: Vertical Circular Motion

Consider a mass m tied at the end of a string and

moving around a vertical circle of radius r.

mv 2

F x 0 F y T mg

m vtop

r

Ttop mv 2

T mg

r r

mg

mv 2

Ttop mg

r

mv 2

0 mg vc g r

r

VCM: Vertical Circular Motion

mv 2

F x 0 F y T mg

r

mv 2

Tbottom mg

r

Tbottom

vbottom m

mg

VCM: Vertical Circular Motion

mv 2

F y 0 F x T

r

vleft

mv 2

F x T

r

m m

T T

r mg

mv 2

mg

T

vright r

VCM: Vertical Circular Motion

m

m T

T r

r

mg v

mg

mv 2

T mg cos

r

VCM: Vertical Circular Motion

v

T

T

r

r m

m

mg v mg

mv 2

T mg cos

r

- Centripetal Force Bridges Fair BankedUploaded byt33ch
- chap4.pdfUploaded byMuzamil Shah
- SYJC-Chap1-CircularMotionUploaded bymukeshnt
- 01 - Uniform Circular MotionUploaded byIdrus Fitri
- Cal132 Properties of Vector Arithmetic and ApplicationsUploaded bymarchelo_chelo
- SuvatUploaded byAzadidome
- LAB MEC424-Slider CrankUploaded byAhmad Fadzlan
- dynamics12lecture.pptUploaded byvuliencn
- April 21Uploaded by14570001
- Smart Sensors Excerpt - RC CarUploaded bymylips21sealed
- class -xi pre unit test -ii -2016Uploaded byapi-326046013
- TM_1B_Ch5eUploaded bysliversniper
- Heat NotesUploaded byAlejo Raquel Jr.
- Impact Attenuator CalculationsUploaded byabhishek
- Numeircal Methods (1)Uploaded byAkashKhanSwati
- The Meaning of Shape for a P-t GraphUploaded bycpverma2811
- Abp Centripital Acceleration Quiz v3 2013-06-27Uploaded byRavi Lal
- AccelerationUploaded bystallone21
- Engg[1].Mechanics Study MatlUploaded bymaddy_scribd
- Magnetic Forces and Fields-1Uploaded byNourAldin AbuSaleh
- 50 Physics Questions New 0Uploaded byJoel
- Chapter 02Uploaded byMichelle Hsieh
- Slide Utk FizUploaded byDyg Norsheilla
- Wave Energy RelatnshipUploaded byzaibiwrestler
- ProblemsUploaded byDianne Grace Chung
- Qué Significa La AceleraciónUploaded byFrancisco Alanis Acosta
- Exam a SolUploaded bycanhtranphu
- Physics 1 PDFUploaded byJessan Balasangay (San)
- MidtermI-14Uploaded byAlex
- Nasa Balde TheoryUploaded byNguyen Van Trong

- Chemical Process Safety, Fundamentals With Applications,3rd EdUploaded byNigel Kow
- Phy11 Lesson 10 ShmUploaded byIsrael Lives
- PHY11 Lesson 6 FluidsUploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY11 Lesson 4 Rotational MotionUploaded byMaMt
- PHY11 Lesson 9 Fluids in MotionUploaded byIsrael Lives
- PHY11 Lesson 8 Fluids at Rest.pptxUploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY11 Lesson 3jhb Momentum and Collisions 2Q1415Uploaded byRam Ramirez
- Phy11 Lesson 7 ShmUploaded byRam Ramirez
- PHY11 Lesson 5 Elasticity.pptxUploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY11 Lesson 2 Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy 2Q1415.pptxUploaded byIan Ag-aDoctor
- PHY11 Lesson 1 Kinetic Energy, Work, and Power 2Q1415.pptxUploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY10 Lesson 1 Vectors Part 2Uploaded byJohn Luke Cruz
- PHY10 Lesson 1 Vectors Part 1Uploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY10Uploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- PHY10 Lesson 1 Vectors Part 1Uploaded byJohn Luke Cruz
- Math12-1 Lesson 1 Angle MeasureUploaded byCharmane Lizette Tarcena
- Math12-1 Lesson 1 Angle MeasureUploaded byKendrick Diaz

- Class Xi Physics Sample PaperUploaded bydhruvarora31
- Calculus Early Trascendentals 34-38Uploaded byRodrigo Vallejos Vergara
- Aviation Formulas SampleUploaded bySumit V Menon
- Dynamics of Circular Motion Revised 1st Term _11-_12Uploaded byRA Memije
- Plus-one-physics-previous-question-paper-hsslive-Saju.pdfUploaded byJulienJosephThomas
- Vector Mechanics for Engineers: Dynamics - Chapter 12 notesUploaded byrvssnake
- Chapter 11 - Projectiles and Circular MotionUploaded byascd_msvu
- Ch12 Kinetics of Particles Newton's Second LawUploaded byinfolearning
- Uniform Circular MotionUploaded byAllen A Espinosa
- phy136h-d13Uploaded byAzima Tarannum
- Wolfson Eup3 Ch05 Test BankUploaded byifghelpdesk
- Basic Aircraft Design RulesUploaded byaeroacademic
- Math 4uUploaded byOul Kevin
- Dynamics Chapter 2. Kinetics of Particles ENGG1010 2014 2015Uploaded byAnee Waelli
- Banking on the Hyperloop MATLAB Central - Guy and Seth on SimulinkUploaded byshawil71
- Circular Motion Lesson 2Uploaded byrebbieg
- chapter_05.docUploaded bynour
- Factors Affecting Stall SpeedUploaded byedd
- A9R833Uploaded byChulka
- Ch 05 ISM 8eUploaded byevilgns
- Mechanics L6Uploaded byCharlie Lai
- Career Point Sample_2Uploaded byShalini Kureel
- rollover7-131003172242-phpapp02.pdfUploaded byDark Cenobite
- Physics Chapter 5Uploaded byJamie Nguyen
- chap6.pdfUploaded byMuzamil Shah
- Tutorial_ Aircraft Manoeuvring ForcesUploaded byhpss77
- Is Green Dot Always the Optimum AirspeedUploaded byConstantin De Siesti
- Bank Angle Impact on Climb GradientUploaded byPero Peric
- Fragen - Principles of FlightUploaded byTomasz Kurdziel
- 06 Applications of Newtons Law Circular MotionUploaded byMarjorie Pacatan