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CSWIP 3.

1 Welding Inspection

Practical Macro Inspection

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Course Reference WIS 5
Course notes section reference 23
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Macro Inspection

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Macro Inspection Examination

Remember in the CSWIP 3.1 Welding Inspectors


examination your are required to conduct a visual
examination of two macro samples

 Time allowed 45 minutes

 Code ISO 5817 Level stringent B

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Macro Inspection
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY
You have been provided with one or two macro samples and the report
sheets you are required to complete the following

1. Ensure that you record your name and the date on the report sheet

2. Ensure that you sign the report sheet

3. Visually inspect the specimens and report:


The defects type
The defects size, length, depth and height if applicable
4. Comment on each defect e.g accept, reject or refer in accordance with
ISO 5817 stringent B
ALL LINE DRAWING & WRITING MUST BE COMPLETED IN INK
ALL MEASUREMENT IN MM / PHOTOGRAPH AT 10X MAGNIFICATION.
DIVDE ALL MEASUREMENTS BY 10 AND RECORD ON REPORT
PROVIDED
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NO World
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PAPER Joining Technology FLUID PERMITTED. CORRECTIONS
OR CORRECTION
Macro Report Example
Check Macro photograph identification matches form supplied.
All measurements in mm / Macro Photograph at X10 Magnification

Macro Photograph at X10


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Macro Report Example
•These Macros have been mastered from the
5 Photographs
•All line drawings & writing must be in ink.
•Record defects as you see them
2 1 •Interpretation difficulties have been recorded.
•Comment only if a definite uncertainty exists:
i.e Slag/Gas in some cases.
4 3

DEFECT SIZE ACCEPT/REJECT COMMENTS:


1 Lack of sidewall fusion + Slag 3 x 4 mm Reject
2 Lack of sidewall fusion 3 mm Reject *Materials defect
3 Slag inclusion 1.5 mm Accept
4 Cap undercut 0.5 mm Accept acceptance
5 Plate lamination 5.2 mm Refer*
dependent on
6
7 application.
8
10 Seek advice.
11 Excess weld metal 4 mm Reject
12 Excess root penetration None Accept

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Page 6
ISO 5817 : 1992

ISO 5817 (BS EN 225817)

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ISO 5817 (BS EN 225817)
Maximum pore diameter 3mm or
pore diameter shall be less than or equal to 0.3
X plate thickness

Acceptance levels B,C,D


For the CSWIP 3.1 exam
stringent B

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ISO 5817 Exercise
• Using ISO 5817 determine the acceptability of the defects listed.
Under the column headed specimen thickness, insert A,R and X
• Use the acceptance category stringent B when making your
assessment assume specimens to be plate butt welds
Specimen Thickness(mm)

Defect Dimensions 8 15 30 60
Overlap H = 1.5 R R R R
A = Accept Incomplete penetration L = 2.0 R R R R
Lack of sidewall fusion L = 2.0 R R R R
Gas pore D = 2.5 R A A A
R = Reject Slag inclusion 1.0 x 2.0 A A A A
Elongated cavity 0.5 x 1.5 A A A A
Linear misalignment H = 1.8 R R A A
X = Refer Cap undercut D = 0.4 A A A A
Crack L = 1.5 R R R R
Spatter D = 1.8 X X X X
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Macro defects

50m
m

3mm

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Macro defects

1.5mm

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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What is going on here?

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Macro defects

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Macro defects

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MACRO

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MACRO
NOTE: PHOTOGRAPH IS AT X10 MAGNIFICATION
MATERIAL: LOW CARBON STEEL WELDING PROCESS: [MAG/GMAW]

1
9
8 2
7 3
6 5 4
# DEFECT SIZE ACCEPT/REJECT
1 POOR TOE BLEND
2 OVERLAP + 2 SMALL PORES
3 LAMINATIONS/INCLUSIONS
4 LACK OF SIDE WALL FUSION
5 AS ABOVE +PORES Assess
6 OVERLAP To
7 LACK OF INTERRUN FUSION Specification
8 GAS PORE/PIPE
9 LACK OF SIDE WALL FUSION +
10 SILICA
ANGULAR MISALIGNMENT
11 EXCESS WELD METAL
12 EXCESS PENETRATION

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Any Questions

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