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Constantino, Joselle

Osmosis
Osmosis is a natural process
involving the fluid flow of
across a semi-permeable
membrane barrier where a
weaker saline solution will
tend to migrate to a strong
saline solution
Reverse Osmosis
• a technology used to
remove large majority of
contaminants from water
by pushing the water under
pressure through a semi-
permeable membrane

Principle of Reverse Osmosis


Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis on Industrial Application


Single Pass RO System
Double Pass RO System
RO System with Concentrate
Recycle
Residential RO System
Residential RO System
Industrial RO System
Industrial RO system
Process Flow Diagram
Inside the RO membrane
Reverse Osmosis
Advantages:
 very effective in treating brackish, surface and ground
water for both large and small flows applications
 capable of removing up to 99%+ of the dissolved salts
(ions), particles, colloids, organics, bacteria and pyrogens
from the feed water

Disadvantage:
 does not remove gases
 Fouling, Scaling, Chemical Attack, and Mechanical
Damage
Reverse Osmosis
Applications
 A wide range of applications, includes:
 Pharmaceutical
 boiler feed water or power generation
 food and beverage processing
 metal finishing
 semiconductor manufacturing
 Biotechnology
 seawater desalting, and
 municipal drinking water
 Wastewater treatment
Source:
• Basics of Reverse Osmosis - Puretec Industrial Water
(http://puretecwater.com/resources/basics-of-reverse-
osmosis.pdf)