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Prompt effective emergency preparedness

plan reduces accidental loss and the life


threatening situation that will bring great
damage or disaster.
IMPORTANCE / BENEFITS OF THE
EMERGENGY PREPAREDNESS PLAN

1. Reduce accidental losses due to natural and


man-made disasters.

2. Define who is in-charge

3. Define who will do what.

4. Avoid panic and confusion.


Emergency

A potentially life threatening situation


usually occurring suddenly and
unexpectedly.
Disaster
A sudden, calamitous event bringing great
damage, loss or destruction and great
misfortune, often arriving without
forewarning.
Types of Emergencies

A. Man- made emergencies


B. Natural emergencies
A. Man- made emergencies
Some events caused by man’s negligence in
handling his technology
1. Chemical Leak / Spill
2. Collapse of Structure
3. Industrial / Community Fire
4. Construction Cave – in
5. Major Transportation Accident
6. Public Demonstration / civil disturbances
Chemical Leak / Spill
Major Transportation Accident

Motor vehicle collisions can result in some of the most catastrophic and
devastating injuries and consequences to individuals and their families. Each
year in this country, there are a lot of fatalities as a result of truck accidents.
A bomb is a device capable of producing damage to material and injury or
death to people when detonated or ignited. Bombs are classified as follows:
Explosive - a bomb that causes damage by fragmentation, heat and blast.
Incendiary - a bomb that generates fire-producing heat without a substantial
explosion when ignited.
B. Natural emergencies

Some events that are caused by the forces of nature

1. Drought
2. Floods
3. Volcanic Eruption
4. Earthquake
5. Meteorological Condition
6. Tsunamis
Meteorological Condition

Special attention should be given to the latest position, direction and speed
of movement and intensity of the tropical cyclone as it may intensify and
move towards the locality.
Disaster preparedness agencies and other organization are alerted.
Tsunamis
A strong earthquake in your area is a natural
tsunami warning. Do not stay in low-lying coastal
areas after a local earthquake.
During the retreat of sea level, interesting sights are often revealed. Fishes
may be stranded on dry land thereby attracting people to collect them. Also,
sandbars and coral flats may be exposed. These scenes tempt people to flock
to the shoreline thereby increasing the numbers of people at risk when the on
rushing waves of tsunami hit the area.
Never go down to the beach to watch for a tsunami. When you
can see the wave, you are too close to escape it.
FOUR ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM

1. EMERGENCY PREVENTION
2. EMERGENGY PREPAREDNESS
3. EMERGENCY RESPONSE
4. EMERGENCY RECOVERY
FOUR ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM

1. Emergency Prevention - the practice


designed to prevent accidents and
emergencies from occurring.

Procedures :
v Fire Prevention
v Safety and Health Review
v Inspection
FOUR ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM

2. Emergency Preparedness - encompasses


all activities that are necessary to prepare
people and organizations to respond to
emergencies and disasters.
Procedures :
v Personnel Training
v Drills and Exercises
v Supplies and Equipment
v Protection of Records
v Mutual Aid
FOUR ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
3. Emergency Response - follows preparedness and involves life
saving and protection activities that are implemented during an
emergency.
Procedures :
v Detection, Alert and Warning
v Direction and Control
v Communications
v Emergency Shutdown Procedures
v Fire and Spill Procedures
v Facility Evacuation
v Security Considerations
v Public Relations and Emergency Information
v Coordination between Facility and Off – Site Agencies
FOUR ELEMENTS OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM

4. Emergency Recovery - embodies all


activities necessary to bring the organization
back to normal or routing operations.
Procedures :
v Incident Investigation
v Damage Assessment
v Clean – up and Restoration
v Business Interruption
v Claims Procedures
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program

1. Review Hazards
 Probability of Hazards
 Types of Hazards posed
 Number of people or things
exposed to the hazard and its adverse
consequences
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program
2. Evaluate Resources
 Facilities
 Equipment
 Supplies
 Staff Expertise
 Staff Training
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program
3. Develop Emergency Plan and Procedures
 Blue print for emergency procedures
 Used for training new employees
 Refresher training for employees and
managers
 Reference tool under emergency
circumstances
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program

4.Integrate with Community Plan


 Community officials should be
involved in the company’s emergency
planning process and that the
company be involved in local planning.
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program
5. Conduct Training
 Hazardous Materials Characteristics
 Evacuation Procedures
 Emergency Reporting Procedures
 Fire Extinguisher Use
 Leak / Emergency Warning Signs
 Fire Fighting
 Personal Protective Equipment
 Preventive Maintenance
 Spill Response
 First Aide
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program

6. Educate The Public


 The public will learn of the facilities /
company’s effort to ensure safety.
 Protect the public during emergencies
Elements of Emergency Preparedness
Program
7. Conduct Drills and Exercises
 Reveal weaknesses in the plans and
procedures
 Identify deficiencies in resources
 Improve level of coordination among
personnel, departments and agencies
 Gain public recognition and confidence
 Improve the proficiency and confidences of
personnel
 Clarify individual role and responsibility
 Increase the government’s and community’s
cooperation with the company
 Enhance overall emergency response
capabilities
EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
PROGRAM

Emergency Preparedness Program is an


Environmental Compliance Requirement