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Presented By
Shruti Simran
Regd. No- SRO0558025
Batch: ICITSS-17
 Definition
 Differences between Natural disaster & Manmade
 Causes
 Effects
 Nuclear disasters
 Biological disasters
 Chemical disasters
 Fire accidents
 Travel accidents
 Terrorism
 Conclusion
Dictionary meaning of "disaster" may be taken as: "a
sudden accident or natural event that causes great
damage or loss of life“.
The biggest problem with the
disasters is the
suddenness and swiftness with
which they arrive.

Earthquakes, industrial accidents, oil-spills, forest-fires,

terrorist activities etc. are some of the more commonly
encountered disasters
• Man-made disasters are the consequence of
technological or human hazards. Examples include
stampedes, fires, transport accidents, industrial
accidents, oil spills and nuclear explosions/radiation.
War and deliberate attacks may also be put in this
category. As with natural hazards, man-made hazards
are events that have not happened, for instance
terrorism. Man-made disasters are examples of
specific cases where man-made hazards have
become reality in an event.
Unlimited wants
Competing with other countries
Miss-management of natural resources
It increases more diseases
Global warming
Acid rain
Irregularities of monsoon
Nuclear disasters
Biological disasters
Chemical disasters
Fire accidents
Road accidents
It is a type of explosion deriving its
force from nuclear reactions of
fission and fusion . It is of two types
fission and fusion . Egs. Of fission
are atomic bombs , A-bombs , fission
bombs . Egs. Of fusion bombs are
hydrogen bombs , H-bombs , fusion
bombs etc.
Precautions from nuclear accident
Common indicators of these disasters are vomiting ,
nausea , dizziness etc. Don’t look at fire as it
causes instant blindness Close all doors and
windows as radioactivity doesn’t penetrate into solid
structures Cover all food and water and listen govt.

These are referred as poor mans nuclear bomb

as these are easy to manufacture , transport
and have the ability to kill hundreds and
thousands of people. They are delivered using
dusting airplanes or small perfumes atomizers .
They have ability to generate immediate effects.
The WHO should lay emphasis on
prohibition against biological
warfare We should immediately
get away from an suspicious thing
Cover your mouth with a wet cloth
Listen to T.V. and Radio for further
GOVT. instructions.
Disasters that are caused by the excessive use
and misuse of chemicals in industries are called
chemical disasters . The irresponsible handling of
powerful chemicals can cause widespread
Industries using harmful and powerful chemicals
should be located far away from residential areas
There should be surveys to keep a check on their
activity The govt. should formulate an emergency
plan to in case of an accident Pollution levels
should be checked and maintained
Accidents that are caused due to fire are quite
common . Fire results in heavy damage both in
terms of life and property . Loss of life is high in a
crowded building.
The main reason is poor wiring and faulty electrical
equipment , leaking gas or carelessly thrown cigarettes
and matches The main power supply source is good
condition. Wire should be properly covered Inflammable
things should be kept out of reach of children Power
points shouldn’t be overloaded
Travel accidents are quite common. An accident
which involves a no. of people becomes a
disaster. Eg of these disasters are air crashes ,
train or vehicles collisions , capsizing of boats etc
All efforts should be made to carry victims to
nearby hospital If possible, first aid can be given
to victims It is the duty of people present there to
get trapped people out If we smell fuel at
accident site , warn people and don’t light fire
This is another type of disaster that results in loss
of life and property. Terrorists use violence and
strike without warning. They use bombs , guns
etc to terrorize people
We must inform police if we come across any
suspected group of people We must stay away
from any suspicious things and inform police
about that. Do not accept packages from
strangers Do not leave luggage unattended
while travelling
It is important to understand man made
disasters now that they can cause
irreversible damage, and it is in fact
ourselves who are causing these disasters
because of our ignorance and some even
being caused by intent. Without a doubt we
have kept making terrible mistakes over the
years, which is why it is time we take
awareness and become more cautious so
that we can care for our world and lower
the rate of man made disasters.
Demographic Awareness
Use of 3 R’S: Reduce,Reuse,Recycle
Strict Govt. policy
Focus on research, innovation & development