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English Sentence Structure

Recap
• Must start with a noun (kata nama)/pronoun
(He,She,It)-Subject
• After 1, always a verb (kata kerja)-Verb
• Following the verb is another noun/adjective
(sifat)
First pattern:
Subject Verb

•The most basic and simple sentence pattern.


•The meaning of a sentence in this pattern is simply that the
subject did something.

S V
I refused
Some examples of
The bell rang
S-V pattern
She smiles
He Is sleeping

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Second pattern:
Subject Verb Noun

•This pattern consists of a subject, linking verb and noun.


•The noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.
•In this pattern, a linking verb links or connects the Subject to a noun
or pronoun.
•Words such as be, become, remain, appear, seem, continue, stay, and
make are linking verbs.

S V N
My father is a lawyer
Some examples of
S-V-N pattern Mrs. Sally became our teacher
The girl is my sister
My favorite is English
language
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Third pattern:
Subject Verb Object

• It is a sentence where the subject comes first, the verb second,


and the object third.

S V O
The child drinks Juice
Some examples of
S-V-O pattern I finished The work
They did a lot of
exercises

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Forth pattern:
Subject Verb adjective

•It is a sentence where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the
adjective third.
•An adjective: is a word that gives instant information about a noun to
make a clear picture of the noun in the mind of the reader and create a
feeling of the writer.

S V adj
Some examples The sky is blue
of S-V-Adj pattern
John and are friends
Tom
She wears a beautiful
dress
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Fifth pattern:
Subject Verb Adverb

•It is a sentence where the subject comes first, the verb second, and the
adverb third.
•An adverb: it tells us when, where, how, in what manner, or to what
extent an action is performed. An adverb is typically used to modify a
verb, but an adverb can also modify an adjective or another adverb.

S V adv
Some examples of The teacher is here
S-V-Adv pattern
He sings sweetly
She came yesterday

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Let’s Practice