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▪ Shintoism is on the ritual of offering to the kami and
communicating with it, the people who practice
is (mainly the Japanese) view Shintoism as a part of
their culture and way of life more than as a religion.

Shinto does not have a founder. Shinto

is deeply rooted in the Japanese people
and traditions.
The holy books of Shinto are the Kojiki or 'Records of Ancient
Matters' (712 CE) and the Nihon-gi or 'Chronicles of Japan'
(720 CE).

These books are compilations of ancient myths and traditional

teachings that had previously been passed down orally.

Early Japanese sketch of O no Yasumaro O no Yasumaro,

painted by Kikuchi Yosai ©
The Kojiki was dictated by Heida no Are to the scribe O no
Yasumaro on the orders of the Emperor Temmu.
"Shinto gods" are called kami. They are
sacred spirits which take the form of things
and concepts important to life, such as wind,
rain, mountains, trees, rivers and fertility.
Humans become kami after they die and are
revered by their families as ancestral kami.
The kami of extraordinary people are even
enshrined at some shrines. The Sun
Goddess Amaterasu is considered Shinto's
most important kami.
Shinto beliefs focus on the existence and power of
the kami, or gods, that exist in the world, in nature,
and especially in and throughout Japan. Click the
"kami page" below to learn more specific
information about these gods.

In general, however, this religion is an overall

perspective more than a simple list of Shinto beliefs.
This perspective - referred to by the phrase mono
no aware - is a uniquely Japanese way of seeing
the world and its beauty that contains many
nuances, which includes:
- aesthetic sensitivity - a sense of beauty
and of the beautiful

- sensitivity toward the aesthetic and the

emotional as a basis for looking at life - this
includes the sadness or pathos of life as
well as joy, happiness and bliss

- seeing with the heart into the natural

beauty and goodness of all things
Shinto beliefs, then, are not centered around official creeds
or codified systems of theology or ethics, but instead are a
distinct sensibility that underlies an entire approach to life
and the world. This can be captured not only with the phrase
mono no aware, but also with the concepts of makoto and

Makoto simply means "sincerity" and it is the basis of Shinto

ethics. This religion is sometimes criticized by those who
don't understand it for having no official list of rules or codes
of ethics, such as the Ten Commandments. Instead, Shinto
emphasizes makoto - sincerity in the heart.
Shinto shrines are the places of worship and
the homes of kami. Most shrines celebrate
festivals (matsuri) regularly in order to show
the kami the outside world. Shinto priests
perform Shinto rituals and often live on the
shrine grounds. Men and women can
become priests, and they are allowed to
marry and have children. Priests are aided by
younger women (miko) during rituals and
shrine tasks. Miko wear white kimono, must
be unmarried, and are often the priests'
The New Year is a popular time of
year for people to visit the public
shrines and pay extra attention to
the ones inside their own homes.

Founder : It has no founder
Sacred Text : The Kojiki
Doctrine : Shinto beliefs focus on the
existence and power of the kami, or gods, that
exist in the world, in nature,
and especially in and throughout Japan.
God : Kami
Sects of Shintoism : Jinja Shinto, Kyôna Shinto
Minzok Shinto.
Jesus Christ is the founder of Christianity, the
Saviour of men, the Messiah foretold in the Old
Testament. The English word “Jesus” comes from
the Greek form of the Hebrew Joshua, a common
name which means “savior. “Christ” is a title and it
comes from the Greek form of the Hebrew Messiah,
meaning “anointed one.”
The Christian doctrinal statements, which contained
in The Apostles’ Creed (ca.180 AD, 390 AD) and
inThe Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed
Christianity combines the Jewish Old
Testament with the New Testament to form
the Christian Bible, which followers refer to
as the Holy Scriptures. There are many
noncanonical texts in the Christian religion
as well. Protestants believe in the
preeminence of the Holy Scriptures, as the
Reformation was a return to the early days
of Christianity prior to the policies and
creeds developed by the Catholic Church
Christianity is one of the three
major monotheistic world
religions. Like Jews and
Muslims, Christians believe
one God who created the
world and takes an interest in
the humans who inhabit it.
Christians are also
believe in the Holy
Trinity that God is
three in one.
The Christian doctrine of the Trinity ; holds that God is one but three
coeternal consubstantial persons[—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and
the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons". The three Persons
are distinct, yet are one "substance, essence or nature"
According to this central mystery of most Christian faiths, there is only one
God in three Persons: while distinct in their relations with each other ("it is
the Father who generates, the Son who is begotten, and the Holy Spirit
who proceeds") they are stated to be one in all else, co-equal, co-eternal
and consubstantial, and each is God, whole and entire. Accordingly, the
whole work of creation and grace in Christianity is seen as a single
operation common to all three divine persons, in which each shows forth
what is proper to him in the Trinity, so that all things are "from the Father",
"through the Son" and "in the Holy Spirit" C.S. Lewis makes the analogy to
a cube and its six square faces: God is like the solid mass of the cube,
invisible inside it, while the three Persons are like the squares, which are
each equally its visible faces.
Trinitarian theologians believe that manifestations of the Trinity are made
evident from the very beginning of the Bible.
Founder : Jesus and St.
Sacred Text : The Holy Bible
Doctrine : The creed
God : Holy Trinity
Sects of Christianity : a lot
ALL !!
Group of PSALMS