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Use the Present Perfect to describe:

1. An action that started in


• I have known her since I was a child ( I met
the past and continues in
the present her when I was a child and I still know her)

2. An action that
• Rosario has left her bag at home ( She
happened in the past but
has a result in the present doesn’t have it now)

3. Life experiences (time • I have visited England ( we don’t know


isn’t stated) when)
SUBJECT AUXILIARY PAST
PARTICIPLE
I / You / We/ They have had lots of other jobs.

He / She/ It has met some interesting people.


SUBJECT AUXILIARY + PAST
NOT PARTICIPLE
I / You / We/ haven’t had a holiday.
They (= have not)

He / She/ It hasn’t been to the USA


(= has not) before.
AUXILIARY SUBJECT (EVER) PAST
PARTICIPLE
Have I/you/we/they (ever) worked in a
restaurant?
Has he/she/it (ever) been to the USA?

Yes, I/you/we /they have. No, I/you/we/they haven’t.


Yes, he/she/it has. No, he/she/ it hasn’t.
FORM: we form the PRESENT PERFECT with have + past
participle.

POSITIVE NEGATIVE QUESTIONS

• I have (‘ve) finished • I have not • Have you finished?


• She has (‘s) gone (haven’t) finished • Has he gone?
• They have (‘ve) • He has not (hasn’t) • Where have you
broken it gone been?
• We have not
(haven’t) broken it
INFINITIVE PAST PARTICIPLE
regular play use visit want played used visited wanted
irregular be break come drive eat go been broken come driven eaten
have gone had

The past participle of REGULAR VERBS is the same as the simple past. For example:

wash  have washed arrive  have arrived stop  have stopped

The past participle of IRREGULAR VERBS is sometimes the same as the simple past and
sometimes different. For example:

the same: lose  have lost make  have made have  have had
different: do  have done see  have seen write  have written
• Our pizzas haven’t
come yet. We ordered
YET them nearly an hour
ago!

• We use yet in negative sentences when we expected something to happen before


now.
• We usually put yet at the end of a question or negative statement.
• We don’t use yet in positive sentence.

I’ve paid for the meal yet. I’ve already paid for the meal.
• Already means “before the
• Don't write to John, I expected time”
have already done it. • We use it in positive
• You’ve missed the sentences.
match. It’s already • We usually put already
finished. before the past participle.
ALREADY • Graham’s train has • We don’t use already in
already arrived. negative sentences.
• You don’t need to lock
the car. I’ve already The parcel hasn’t arrived
done it. already. The parcel hasn’t
arrived yet
• We use since with a
• Maya has lived in the USA particular time, day or
since 2001. date, or with a past
• David has worked in event.
Mexico since January • The verb after since is
SINCE 2000.
• I haven’t seen Janice since
usually in the past
simple, not the present
Tuesday. perfect.
• I haven’t been to the
beach since we got here. John has worked here
since he left school.
• She has played the violin for ten
years.
We use for with a period
FOR • David has worked in Mexico for
many years.
of time (for an hour, for
years)
• I haven’t seen Janice for a long
time.

• We often use ever to


ask questions about
• Have you ever been to England? past experiences. It
EVER • Have you ever driven a car?
• Has Peter ever been to an opera?
means “in your life”
• We put ever before the
past participle.

• I have never visited Berlin. • We put never before


NEVER • I’ve never swum with dolphins.
• Keith’s never eaten Chinese food.
the past participle. It
means “not in your life”