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Submitted by

Haritha.S (090104107017)
Jobeena.T.J.P (090104107021)
Nethravathi.N (090104107034)
Roshny Baby (090104107044)
FINAL YEAR B.E. CIVIL ENGINEERING

Under the guidance of


Ms. K. AKIL ,M.E. Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Civil Engineering
Hindusthan College of Engineering and
Technology
Perur town is one of the town panchayat in Coimbatore
district.
This town is located at a distance of 10km from the city on
the Siruvani road.
The Noyyal river is flowing on the northern side of the town.
 The present population as per 2011 census is 8800.
The area of the town, as per local body records is 6.40 Sq
Km. The total area of the town is divided into 15 wards.
The famous Sri Patteeswarar temple dates back 6th century
is located in this panchayat and it is one of the important
pilgrim centres in Tamil Nadu. The Festivals celebrated by
this Temple attracts very big crowds of people from all over
India.
Large crowd of Pilgrims visit the temple during annual
car Festival times besides a regular stream all around the
year.
This Temple is also regarded as the place of liberation of
the souls.
Perur temple and mountainous surroundings is also
regarded as Dakshina Kailash from the puranic times.
 Perur and its surroundings, where part of Arai nadu ruled
by Kongu Kings, during periods upto 10th century A.D
This place was ruled by Chola Kings from 10th century
A.D, Pandya Kings in the 12th century and later by Hoysala
Kings vijayanagar kings, mysore kings, Hydrali khan and
Tippu Sulthan till 1792 A.D.
 The British rulers then took over the administration of the
Perur temple.
 Our project is concerned with the design of water
distribution system around Patteeswarar Temple
premises.
 The distribution system involves locating a borewell
from where the water is pumped using a submersible
pump.
 Then the pumped water is taken to a staging overhead
tank.
 The water is then distributed through the network of
pipes and the whole system estimation is done.
The Temple, being a famous pilgrim centre is crowded with
floating population throughout the year.
The river Noyyal which is beside the Temple is in a dried
condition due to lack of seasonal rainfall.
There is a lot of inconvenience for the people who come to the
temple to perform rituals for the dead.
The existing water supply system is not adequate to fulfill all
the needs of the floating population due to following reasons:
•Rainfall is irregular and intermittent with an annual
average of approximately 700 mm.
•The per capita supply will be as low as 15 lpcd during
adverse seasons.
•It is not possible to draw additional quantity from Siruvani
WSS.
•The existing Service Reservoirs constructed under rural
norms which are of low staging heights.
•To collect the following particulars of Perur from the Perur
Town Panchayat.
•The existing water supply system in Perur.
•The population of the Town and the floating population of the
temple.
•To visit the temple premises and the surroundings to conduct a
general survey.
•To visit the temple during special festivals like Thai Pusam,
Maha Shiva Rathri and New Moon days to gain knowledge of
the rituals, the floating population and their needs.
•To determine the potability of the bore water by testing the
water sample for water potability test.
•To gather data about the water supply standards and other
details regarding the design of distribution system from the
TWAD Board.
•To gain knowledge about the important particulars regarding
location and dimensions of the borewell from the details given
by the geologist.
•To decide the dimensions of the borewell from the given data.
•To derive the capacity of the overhead tank from the floating
population data.
•To sketch an AutoCAD diagram of the looped pipe network
and mark the levels, nodes and length of the pipes.
•To calculate the pressures in the pipe network using LOOP
software.
•To calculate the economy of the pipe using ECP software.
•To show the duration of the necessary events to be carried
out before the laying of the distribution system using PERT.
•To estimate the pump, pipe layout and borewell system.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE

SOURCES AUTHOR STUDY


1.Water supply Water distribution
Engineering Garg, S system &Layouts of
Distribution
Network

2.Water Supply Water System


Systems and components and
Evaluation Methods Harry E. Hickey
classification

3.Sri Patteeswarar- Historical and


The Lord for Religious
liberation of the Suryanarayanan, R importance of Perur
Atman
REVIEW OF LITERATURE

SOURCES AUTHOR STUDY

4.Groundwater
Investigation Using Amarachi R Alisiobi, Methods employed
Combined and B. D. Ako in groundwater
Geophysical Methods exploration

5.Manual on water Valuable guidelines


The expert committee
supply and treatment on norms,
standards and latest
developments in the
field of water supply
SOURCES AUTHOR STUDY

6.Review of Swiss centre of


modelling software development Calculation of
for piped cooperation in pressure in nodes
technology and using Loop software
distribution networks management(SKAT)
MATERIALS AND METHODS
SOFTWARES:
•AutoCAD- The distribution system sketch was drawn
using AutoCAD.
•LOOP (Looped Water Distribution Network Design
Program)-A computer program for the hydraulic
simulation of looped water distribution networks .
•ECP (Economic Calculation of Pipes)-To find the
economy of pipe.
COLLECTION OF DATA

ANALYSIS OF DATA

LOCATION AND DIMENSION OF BOREWELL

CALCULATION OF CAPACITY OF OVERHEAD TANK

DESIGN OF DISTRIBUTION NETWORK

ESTIMATION OF DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM


Quantity allotted to the Town Panchayat and the present level of supply

Town Panchayat Quantity allotted from WSS Present Level of supply with
with Siruvani Source(in litres) river source (in lpcd)
Perur 142500 16

Existing Infrastructure : OHT capacity in litre and No. of fillings

Sl. Location Capacity in No of Quantity of


No. Litre Filling per water
Day
1 Office premises OHT-1 30000 3 90000
2 Office premises OHT-2 30000 3 90000
3 Bharathipuram OHT 30000 2 60000
4 Mettur OHT 30000 2 60000
Total 120000 300000
House service connections in Perur Panchayat

House Service
Bore well with Over Head Tanks
Town Panchayat Connections
power pump
Capacity(Litres) Nos.
60000 1
Perur 9 1193
30000 5

Combined Water Supply Scheme by TWAD

Daily supply in lakh liters : 3.0 lakhs


Frequency of Supply : Once in four days
Length of Pumping Mains in Meters : 1500
Length of Distribution System in meters :10500
Name of the CWSS : Siruvani Water Supply Scheme
Source : Siruvani dam
From the Hydro-Geological survey data given by the
geologist,
• The bore well is decided to be located behind the temple.
• The area behind the temple is free from pollution.
• The selected area has a lot of ground water potential
for all seasons.
• The depth of the bore well=200m.
• The diameter of the bore well=150mm.
• The overburden for the bore well=20m.
• The submersible pump is used to pump water from
the bore well.
• The yield of water is 130 lpm (litres per minute).
PERUR TOWN PANCHAYAT AREA- PROPOSED
LOCATION FOR DRILLING NEW BOREWELL

TEMPLE

PROPOSED LOCATION FOR


DRILLING NEW BOREWELL
It is a elevated tank on staging.
The staging height is 6m with three bracings.

Water supplied = 40 lpcd


(litres per capita per day)
Total water supply per day =500x40
=20,000 L/d
No of fillings = Two fillings
(for 12hrs one filling)
Tank Capacity =20,000/2
=10,000 L

Tank capacity = 10,000 L

Time of filling = 2 hrs


10000 LITRES OHT WITH 6 M STAGING

Inlet
Cover slab
Free Board
MWL
Over flow
Storage depth
Scour Depth LWL
Floor Beam
Floor Slab

Over flow
6m
Bracings

Outlet
PR

Auto CAD Sketch 6

410.250
BW 6
60
5
413.210 7
100

7
415.235
8
8
5 145 73 415.890
11 60
60 9

26
416.210 9
10 10 416.635

4 413.875 46 12

50 11
4 415.635 30 415.720
13
12
30
3 14 15
24
13
415.390
415.650

66 16

14
415.110
3

288

2
417.415

370
17

2 88

1 16
1 417.610
417.600
10 18

15
BM : 417.880 417.620
5/13 PERT CHART

1/13 1/13 3/13 6/13

1 2 3 5 7

10/13

7/13 6

Activity Description
1-2 Getting Administrative Sanction
2-3 Getting T.S & Tender finalisation
2-4 Land acquisition
3-5 CWTM, Feeder mains etc
3-6 SR & D.SYSTEM
6-7 Pump house & pump set
PIP
SLN E FROM TO NODE NODE QTY IN
O NO NODE NODE Length POP NO GL POP LITRES LPS
1 1 1 16 10 3 1 417.6 0 0 0.000
2 2 16 2 88 29 2 417.6 61.5 2460 0.028
3 3 2 3 288 94 3 417.4 60 2400 0.028
4 4 3 4 50 16 4 415.4 31.5 1260 0.015
5 5 4 5 145 47 5 413.9 33.5 1340 0.016
6 6 5 6 60 20 6 413.2 26.5 1060 0.012
7 7 6 7 100 33 7 410.3 32 1280 0.015
8 8 7 8 73 24 8 415.2 22 880 0.010
9 9 8 9 60 20 9 415.9 14 560 0.006
10 10 9 10 26 8 10 415.6 11.5 460 0.005
11 11 10 7 60 20 11 416.2 12.5 500 0.006
12 12 10 11 46 15 12 416.2 14 560 0.006
13 13 11 12 30 10 13 415.7 14.5 580 0.007
14 14 12 3 30 10 14 415.6 70 2800 0.032
15 15 12 13 24 8 15 415.6 61 2440 0.028
16 16 13 14 66 21 16 415.7 17.5 700 0.008
17 17 14 15 370 119
18 18 15 16 10 3

1536 500 0.223


Pipe Details
---------------
Pipe From To Flow Dia HL HL/1000m Length Velocity
No. Node Node (lps) (mm) (m ) (m ) (m ) (m/s )
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 1 16 0.666 85.3 0.00 0.22 10.00 0.12
2 16 2 0.317 85.3 0.00 0.06 88.00 0.06
3 2 3 0.233 85.3 0.01 0.03 288.00 0.04
4 3 4 0.116 85.3 0.00 0.01 50.00 0.02
5 4 5 0.071 85.3 0.00 0.00 145.00 0.01
6 5 6 0.023 85.3 0.00 0.00 60.00 0.00
7 6 7 -0.013 85.3 -0.00 -0.00 100.00 -0.00
8 7 8 -0.006 85.3 -0.00 -0.00 73.00 -0.00
9 8 9 -0.036 85.3 -0.00 -0.00 60.00 -0.01
10 9 10 -0.054 85.3 -0.00 -0.00 26.00 -0.01
11 10 7 0.052 85.3 0.00 0.00 60.00 0.01
12 10 11 -0.121 85.3 -0.00 -0.01 46.00 -0.02
13 11 12 -0.139 85.3 -0.00 -0.01 30.00 -0.02
14 12 3 -0.034 85.3 -0.00 -0.00 30.00 -0.01
15 12 13 -0.124 85.3 -0.00 -0.01 24.00 -0.02
16 13 14 -0.145 85.3 -0.00 -0.01 66.00 -0.03
17 14 15 -0.241 85.3 -0.01 -0.03 370.00 -0.04
18 15 16 -0.325 85.3 -0.00 -0.06 10.00 -0.06
Node Details
--------------
=======================================================
Node Flow Elev. H G L Pressure
No. (lps) (m ) (m ) (m )
-------------------------------------------------------
1 0.666 417.60 423.60 6.00
2 -0.084 417.60 423.59 5.99 LO
3 -0.084 417.40 423.58 6.18
4 -0.045 415.40 423.58 8.18
5 -0.048 413.90 423.58 9.68
6 -0.036 413.20 423.58 10.38
7 -0.045 410.30 423.58 13.28
8 -0.030 415.20 423.58 8.38
9 -0.018 415.90 423.58 7.68
10 -0.015 415.60 423.58 7.98
11 -0.018 416.20 423.58 7.38
12 -0.018 416.20 423.58 7.38
13 -0.021 415.70 423.58 7.88
14 -0.096 415.60 423.58 7.98
15 -0.084 415.60 423.60 8.00
16 -0.024 415.70 423.60 7.90
Cost of Pumping Main
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMP SIZE & TYPE LENGTH RATE AMOUNT TOTAL
No. OF PIPE Met. /Met AMOUNT
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
C 1 75 PVC 4KSC 630 53 33390 33390
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
C 2 90 PVC 4KSC 630 74 46620 46620
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
C 3 110 PVC 4KSC 630 107 67410 67410

Total cost
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Combination COST OF COST OF E.B COST OF TOTAL
No. PUMPSET CHARGES P' MAIN AMOUNT
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comb. 1 149558 958423 33390 1141371
Comb. 2 149558 875610 46620 1071788
Comb. 3 149558 871787 67410 1088755
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Combination No 2 is found to be Economical


ESTIMATION
Abstract Estimate for protection arrangements for the Bore well
source by providing Bore sealing as per the Board's instructions

Sl.
No Contents Description Rate Per Amount
3
1 Earthwork excavation and depositing on 36.40 m 12.41
3
0.341m bank with initial lead of 10 m and lift of 2 m
in Hard stiff clay, stiff black cotton soil, Hard
red earth, Shales, Murrams and earth mixed
with small size boulders etc., as per SS 20 B.

3
2 Plain Cement Concrete 1:4:8 (One cement, 2770.52 m 1759.28
3
0.635m four sand and eight aggregate) using 20 mm
HB stone jelly for foundation including the
cost of mixing concrete,ramming,curing etc.,
complete,

3 Providing stone aggregate for embedding 164.46 1 No. 164.46


1 No around Bore well platform

Rs. 1936.15
Total
Distribution system as per Sl.No. 8.1 of TWAD Board Manual
Laying and jointing of 90 mm PVC 4 KSC pipes

Sl. Quantit
Description Rate Per Amount
No. y
1 1536MEarthwork excavation in all types of strata for laying 57.33 M 88058.88
of pipes with the standard trench width as per Board
circular No.28 / AE10 / (P&D) / 2001 dt.1.10.2001 &
JCE (P&D) Lr. No.LM / AE 10 / (P&D) / 2001 /
DT.22.11.2001
2 1536MSupply of unplasticised PVC rigid pipes as per BIS 78.50 M 120576.00
4985 -1988
3 Supply of PVC specials as per BIS 10124 -1988 part
1 to 13
a 5 Nos90 mm PVC equal tee 72.00 No. 360.00
0
b 9 Nos90 mm x 90 PVC bend 74.00 No. 666.00
4 1536MConveying the PVC pipes and specials to trench, 6.30 M 9676.80
lowering in to the trenches , laying to proper grade
and alignment, jointing with PVC coupler and
specials fixing with neat cement paste and testing to
the required pressure as per IS including conveyance
of water from 1 KM lead for filling during testing.
5 1536MRefilling with excavated soil complying with 7.99 M 12272.64
standard specification in layers of 15cm thick well
rammed and consolidated after the pipes and specials
are laid and tested
Inspection charges on Pipe cost @ 0.039% for DI 4702.46
Pipe
Total 236313
Pump room size 1.50m x 1.50m (with brick work/ conventional
footing) as per TWAD Manual

Sl. No. Quantity Description Rate Per Amount


1 Earthwork excavation and depositing on
bank with initial lift of 2 m in Hard stiff
clay, stiff black cotton soil, Hard red
earth, Shales, Murrams etc., as per SS 20
B.
3
a 6.228m For foundation
72.80 m3 453.40
b 0.266m3 For steps
36.40 m3 9.68
2 Cement Concrete 1:4:8 (One cement, four
1.278m3
sand and eight aggregate) using 40 mm 2532.02 m3 3235.92
HB stone jelly for foundation
3 Earth filling in basement with excavated
0.676m3
earth including ramming & consolidation 12.80 m3 8.65
etc. complete
3
4 0.929m Sand filling with river sand including
782.30 m3 726.76
watering etc., complete
5 Brick work in CM 1:6 using best country
3 " 1 "
bricks of size 8 /4 x 4 /4 x 2"
a 4.232m3 For foundation and basement & steps
3208.47 m3 13578.25
b 3.398m3 For Super Structure
3234.17 m3 10989.71
6 Reinforced Cement Concrete 1:1.5:3
3
0.585m using 20mm HBstone including curing
4673.65 m3 2734.09
etc., complete

7 Reinforced Cement Concrete 1:1.5:3


mix using 20mm HB stone for
sunshade 75mm thick at wall face and
50mm thick at free end projecting
1.20RM 1142.56 RM 1371.07
45cm from wall face moulded along
with lintel including centering etc.
complete.

8 Centering charges for lintel and roof


5.348m2 slab including strutting 342.70 m2 1832.76

9 Plastering the brick work with Cement


Mortar 1:5 12mm thick including
37.841m2 91.52 m2 3463.21
curing etc. complete

10 Ceiling plastering in Cement Mortar


1:3, 12mm thick including curing etc,
4.922m2 103.24 m2 508.15
complete.
11 Flooring with Cement Cconcrete 1:4:8
2
1.930m using 40mm metal including top
358.64 m2 692.18
plastering with CM 1:3, 12mm thick

12 Supply , delivery, fabrication and fixing


of MS door of size 1.00m x 2.00m using
MS angle of size 40mm x 40mm x 6mm,
MS flat of 25mm x 6mm with MS sheet
of 18 gauge including ventilating
1 No arrangements using 20mm square MS 3500.00 No. 3500.00
rods with locking arrangements including
two coats of approved enamel painting
over one coat of priming.

13 Supply fabricating and fixing in position


of RTS rods including cost of steel and
0.300Qtl 5733.50 Qtl 1720.05
binding wire etc. complete

14 Supply and fixing of RCC box type jolly


1 No of size 0.60m x 0.45m 74.47 No. 74.47

15 Colour washing two coats with approved


2
37.841m cement paint for the cement plastered
22.62 m2 855.96
surfaces (as per item No.9)
16 White washing two coats for the
5.462m2 ceiling area (as per item No.10)
10.33 m2 56.42

17 Weathering course over RCC roof


including fixing one course of
5.570m2 pressed tiles etc. complete.
652.85 m2 3636.37

18 Provision for writing TWAD


0.90m2 emblem on the side wall of the
pump room 1041.80 m2 937.62

19 Refilling the foundation with


excavated earth including
1.194m3
consolidation 12.80 m3 15.28

50400.0
Total
0
Conveying main as per Sl.No. 6.3 of TWAD Board Manual
Laying and jointing of 90mm PVC 6 KSC pipes
Sl.
Quant
N Description Rate Per Amount
ity
o.
1 630MEarthwork excavation in all types of strata for laying of 57.33M 36118
pipes with the standard trench width as per Board
circular No.28/ AE10 / (P&D) / 2001 dt.1.10.2001 &
JCE (P&D) Lr. No.LM / AE 10 / (P&D) / 2001 /
DT.22.11.2001
2 630MSupply of unplasticised PVC rigid pipes as per BIS 115.00M 72450
4985 -1988
3 9NosSupply of PVC specials as per BIS 10124 -1988 part 1 74.00No. 666
to 13
90mm x 90 pvc bend
4 630MConveying the PVC pipes and specials to trench, 6.30M 3969.00
lowering in to the trenches , laying to proper grade and
allignment, jointing with PVC coupler and specials
fixing with neat cement paste and testing to the required
pressure as per IS including conveyance of water from
1 KM lead for filling during testing.
5 630MRefilling with excavated soil complying with standard 7.99M 5034
specification in layers of 15cm thick well rammed and
consolidated after the pipes and specials are laid and
tested
Total 118237
•The distribution system was designed to meet the water
requirements of the floating population of Sri Patteeswarar
Temple and to be economic.
•The data obtained from the Perur Town Panchayat
contained all information like the general particulars,
population and existing water supply system of Perur that
were essential for our project.
•The norms and standards given by the TWAD were useful
in designing an efficient system for Perur.
•The bore well sample was collected and tested for
water potability .
•The water test report proved that the water was
chemically potable.
•The location and dimension of the bore well was
decided from the hydro-geological survey in such a
way that there was sufficient supply of water
throughout the year.
•The designed tank capacity was adequate to meet the
demands of the floating population.
•The layout of the looped water distribution network
sketched using AutoCAD was useful in denoting all
essential data like length, nodes and levels.
•The LOOP software facilitated in the calculation of
pressure in the pipe network.
•The ECP software was useful in the calculation of
economy of the main pipe.
•The PERT gave the duration of necessary works that
had to be carried out before the commencement of the
laying of water distribution system.
Alisiobi, A. R. and Ako, B.D. (2012) ‘Groundwater
Investigation Using Combined Geophysical Methods’,
Search and Discovery Article.
CPHEEO Manual (1999) ‘Manual of Water Supply and
Treatment’, third edition.
Garg, S. K. (2011) ‘Water supply Engineering’, Kanna
Publishers, Vol. 1.
Hickey, H. E. (2008) ‘Water Supply Systems &
Evaluation Methods’, A project report Society of fire
protection engineers.
Kishor, S., Sable, Jayashri, S., Khose and Madhuri, K.
Rathi (2012) ‘Comparison of Different Bearing Types
Performance For Water Tanks’, International Journal of
Engineering and Innovative Technology.
Maiti, S. K. (2001) ‘Handbook of Methods in
Enviornmental Studies’, Water and Wastewater Analysis,
ABD Publishers, Vol.1, pp. 3.
Mureker, N. R. and Khedikar, I. (2011) ‘Design of
Distribution Network of Water Supply for Kudwa and
Katangi-Kala Villages’, International Journal of
Engineering Sciences and Technologies, Vol. 7, Issue 2,
pp. 178-196.
Olayinka and Mbachi (1992) ‘Geo-electric assessment
and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) approach’,
International Journal of Water Resources and
Environmental Engineering, Vol. 3(4), pp. 77-86.
Roger Schmid (2002) ‘Review of modelling software
for piped distribution networks’, The Swiss Centre for
Development Cooperation in Technology and
Management, SKAT publishers.
 Suryanarayan, R. (2011) ‘Sri Patteeswarar-The Lord
for Liberation of the Atman at Perur’ SMK Publisher.
THANK YOU