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Prevalence of Gender Based Violence

By: Birhanu Gudissa

(BE.D, BA, MA in
Social work)

Department of Sociology
June, 2019.
Out line
 Definition and types of Gender based violence.
 Prevalence of GBV from Global, regional,
country to North Showa.
Objective of the document

 Showing the nature and prevalence of

GBV at global, national, regional and
zonal level.
What is Gender Based Violence?
 GBV – is any act of violence that results in, or is
likely to result in;-

- physical, sexual, and psychological abuse:

-threats, coercion, arbitrary deprivation of liberty,
and economic deprivation whether occurring in
public or private life.

 is a widespread human rights violation

transcending geography, race, class, sexuality,
ethnicity and religion.
-ሰብዓዊ የመብት ጥሰትን የሚያስከትል ድርጊት ነው

i.e Is a problem that touch every community in

every corner of the globe
Types of GBV
Gender-based violence can take the forms/types
of ;-
● Sexual violence:
-rape, sexual assault,
-sexual harassment/ጾታዊ ትንኮሳ

● Physical violence:
- beating
● Emotional violence;
-psychological abuse;
-insults, humiliation
● Economic violence:
-denial of resources
● Harmful traditional practices: that includes;
-early marriage/ያለዕድሜ ጋብቻ
-forced marriage,
-female genital mutilation/FGM/የሴትልጅ

● trafficking for forced labor or

prostitution, sexual
exploitation/ህገወጥ ዝውውር
According to (World Bank 2019);
Gender-based violence affects;-
 1 in 3 women in their lifetime
The numbers are staggering/overwhelming;
 35% of women world wide have experienced
either physical and/or sexual intimate partner
violence or non-partner sexual violence.
Globally, 7% of women have been sexually
assaulted by someone other than a partner.
38 % 0f murders of women are committed by an
intimate partner.
 200 million women have experienced female
genital mutilation/cutting/ለሴትልጅ ግርዛት
 This issue is not only devastating for survivors of
violence and their families, but also entails
significant social and economic costs.

 In some countries, violence against women is

estimated to cost countries up to 3.7% of their
GDP – more than double what most governments
spend on education(World Bank 2019).
 Violence studies by WHO (2013) from 86
countries ;
 across regions of Africa,
 the Americas, Eastern Mediterranean,
 Europe, South-East Asia and the Western
Pacific, show that;-

 -up to 68 % of women have experienced

physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime
from an intimate partner.
 The highest prevalence rates were found in
central Sub-Saharan Africa, with an estimated
up to 66% of ever-partnered women having
experienced physical and/or sexual violence by
an intimate partner.
 According to the World Health Organization

 Globally, 1 in every 3 women has been beaten,

coerced into sex or abused in some other way.
 Another report from 2014 claims that
- 1 in 5 women is sexually abused as a child.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

(2012) report showed that;-
 women and girls represented 55% of the
estimated 20.9 million victims of forced labor
worldwide, and
 98% of the estimated 4.5 million forced into
sexual exploitation.
Prevalence of GBV in Ethiopia

 A 2011 survey by the Ministry of Women,

Children, and Youth Affairs (MoWCYA) found
that ;
in 4,617 reported cases of economic violence,
- divorce women were denied their share of
property and their custody of children.
 The study also found 8,655 reported cases of
- wife beating, physical violence against women
and girls, and abduction of girls.
 Another 404 reported cases involved rape and
attempted rape.
Evidence from different community based studies
also indicated that;
-50% to 60% of women experienced violence
in their life time and
- sexual violence is reported to occur more than
physical violence while the perpetrators are mainly
intimate partners and close family members(Gossay
etal 2003).

 59 % of women in Ethiopia reported that they face sexual

violence by a partner.
 46% of the women where physically forced to have a sex
 71% of women face either sexual or psychological
violence at some points in their lives(Garcia 2006)
A school based study conducted on selected 1,401
female high school students in central Ethiopia also
showed that ;-

 sexual harassment was reported by 74% of the

participant female students

 about 85% of the reported rape survivors were

under 18 years of age
Prevalence of GBV in North
Showa Zone

 As is the case in different parts of the country;

-GBV is widespread in all woredas of the zone.

 በሰሜን ሸዋ ዞን ስር ባሉት

13 ወረዳ ና 1 ከተማ አስተዳደር ውስጥ ላለፉት 9 ወራት

ጊዜያት ብቻ የተመዘገቡ ጾታን መሰረት ያደረጉ በሴቶችና
ልጃገረዶች ላይ የደረሱ ጥቃቶች አይነት ዝርዝር ሲታይ፡

1. ጠለፋ

2. አስገድዶ መድፈር ና ለመድፈር ሙከራ የማድረግ

3. ያለዕድሜ ጋብቻ

4. ድብደባ/አካል መጉደል

5. የነብስ ግድያ

6. በጋብቻ ላይ ጋብቻ መፈጸም

7. ህገ ወጥ ዝውውር ና ሌሎች በሰፊው የሚስተዋሉ ጾታን

መሰረት ያደረጉ ጥቃቶች ናቸው፡፡

ተ. ወረዳ/ከተ ጠለ አስገድ አስገድ ያለዕድ ድብደ የነብስ በጋብ ሕገ
ቁ ማ ፋ ዶ ዶ ሜ ባ/አካ ግድያ ቻ ላይ ወጥ
መድፈር ለመድረ ጋብቻ ል ጋብቻ ዝው
ፈር ማጉደ መፈጸ ውር
ሙከራ ል ም

1 ፍቼ ከተማ 1

2 ግራር ጃርሶ 4 7 1

3 ወረ ጃርሶ 2 1

4 ቅምብቢት 1 2 1 2

5 ኩዩ 1 7 4 1 1 2

6 ያያ ጉለሌ 4 17 1

7 ደ/ሊባኖስ 9 1 1
ወረዳ/ከተ ጠለፋ አስገድ አስገድ ያለዕ ድብደ የነብ በጋብ ሕገወ
ማ ዶ ዶለመ ድሜ ባ/አካ ስ ቻ ላይ ጥ
መድፈ ድፈር ጋብቻ ል ግድያ ጋብቻ ዝው
ር ሙከ መጉደ መፈጸ ውር
ራ ል ም

8 ደራ 1 4 7
9 አለልቱ 4
10 ውጫሌ 7 2 1
11 ደገም 2 7
12 አብቹ ኛኣ 1 2

13 ጅዳ 6 1
14 ሂደቡ
ድምር 14 68 4 25 26 1 12 1326 1 2 5

ምንጭ፡- የሰሜን ሸዋ ዞን ሴቶች ፣ወጣቶች ና ህጻናት ቢሮ

 በዚህ ዶክመንት የቀረበዉ ዳታ/መረጃ በዞኑ ፖሊስ መምሪያ
የተመዘገቡና ወደ ህግ የቀረቡ ጾታን መሰረት ያደረጉ ጥቃቶች
ብቻ ናቸው፡፡

 ይህ ማላት በዞኑ ያለው የችግሩ ስፋት በቁጥር

በተገለጸው ደረጃ ብቻ እንዳልሆነና ችግሩ ከዚህም በላይ መሆኑ
ሊሰመርበት ይገባል፡፡