The Bolshevik Revolution

Mrs. Overly

Alexander III and Princess Dagmar of Denmark Alexander III best known for his crushing anti-Semitic laws that forced Russian Jews to flee to Germany and America in the mid 1800¶s. Believed in a homogeneous nation and repressed the serf level workers. Died in 1894.

World War I Crippled Russia

Russia spreads itself too thin trying to wage war with Japan.

Czar Nicholas II and Alexandria

Nicholas and his son, Alexei Alexei has hemophilia which he most likely contracted from his mother who carried the recessive trait

Rasputin was hired by Alexandria to cure their son.
Many people who saw the monarchy losing power felt as though Rasputin was to blame. However, when opposition tried to kill Rasputin, the story goes« The poisoned him, bludgeoned him, shot him, drowned him, beat him with a heavy weight and finally, after hours, he died. Many suggest that he had special haunting powers that made the murder so difficult.

Peasants protest in front of St. Petersburg for more voice in government.

Bloody Sunday January 9, 1905 Nicholas¶s men open fire on the peasants in the courtyard killing hundreds.

Bloody Sunday

Nicholas and Alexandria¶s daughters

The Murder of the Imperial Family


Alexander Kerensky New Leader of the Provisional Government of Russia Supposed to be µtemporary position¶ Supposed to keep Russia out of war Supposed to µrepresent the lower class¶ Failed in all three.

Kerensky became very comfortable in his position and the temporary government quickly became the only government. Kerensky was aware of his unpopularity so he decided to attempt a major attack on Germany. Typically, this common enemy idea would work and help a struggling leader build status and popularity«

Russia lost 2 million soldiers in 6 months. Soldiers weren¶t fed, given warm enough uniforms, there was no medical care or compensation to families who lost their husbands or fathers. At one point, soldiers began to flee from their posts and the cause was lost.

Russia pulled out of WWI, but not without a price. In signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsky, Kerensky was forced to surrender over ¼ of their territory which included the land used for agriculture and food. This embarrassing surrender inspired many underground political groups to rise in Russia.

Vladimir Lenin was a strategic politician who was released from prison in 1917. He joined the Bolshevik Party whose goal was to: Eliminate the Provisional Government

Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx inspired Lenin.

Since we know this is going to eventually lead to Joseph Stalin« Joseph Stalin has a very interesting criminal past. He was sent to Siberian prisons nearly a dozen times for anything from protesting against the government and having people killed. He took over the national newspaper PRAVDA and officially took the name STALIN (man of steel). This newspaper would serve him very well in his political climb. Meanwhile, he gained the trust of Lenin and other Bolshevik leaders which eventually would lead to his high ranking position and ability to move into Lenin¶s seat.

Young Joseph Stalin

Young Leon Trotsky

Leon Trotsky as Foreign Affairs Leader for Stalin

Lenin¶s Self Promoting Propoganda

Lenin surrounded himself with his closest council: Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. However,Stalin and Trotsky¶s µfriendship¶ was superficial and both counted down the days until Lenin¶s death so that they could take over as leader of Russia.

Lenin¶s burial remains one of the most significant events in world history. Nearly One million people waited for days in below freezing weather to see their savior. Russia changes names of major cities from Petrograd to Leningrad. His body was preserved and set in Russia¶s Red Square to be viewed.

Despite rumors of a letter written by Lenin warning the council in electing the µimpulsive and rash¶ Stalin, Joseph Stalin takes over as leader of Russia 25 days after Lenin¶s death.

Lenin¶s Letter to Russian Congress
‡ Comrade Stalin, having become Secretary-General, has unlimited authority concentrated in his hands, and I am not sure whether he will always be capable of using that authority with sufficient caution. Comrade Trotsky, on the other hand, as his struggle against the C.C. on the question of the People's Commissariat of Communications has already proved, is distinguished not only by outstanding ability. He is personally perhaps the most capable man in the present C.C., but he has displayed excessive self-assurance and shown excessive preoccupation with the purely administrative side of the work.

LEON TROTSKY Stalin and clashed over the future strategy of the country. Stalin has Trotsky voted out of the Communist Party. Trotsky flees to France, Turkey, and other nearby countries. These countries eventually expel him to Mexico. Meanwhile, Trotsky¶s sons are sent to Russian prisons and killed for questionable crimes. Trotsky writes books condemning Stalin. Stalin laughs at the claims. Under orders from Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky was assassinated by Ramon Mercader in Mexico City on 20th August, 1940.

New Common Enemy: Hitler

Potsdam Conference 1945 including Churchill, Stalin, and Truman

Stalin banned the Russian Orthodox Church

Stalin and his wife Nadya Alliluyeva

Stalin¶s funeral in Moscow, Red Square. Millions gather. 500 trampled to death. His body is laid beside Lenin.

1962: Stalin statues ceremoniously destroyed