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# Nature of Inquiry and Research

Characteristics of Research
Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative Research
Kinds of Quantitative Research
Objectives A Recall what qualitative research
is
At the end of the
lesson, the Describe the nature and
learners are able B
characteristics of research
to:
C Point out the strengths and
weaknesses of quantitative
research

## D Differentiate kinds of variables

and their uses
Quantitative research is used
to examine the relationship
between, variables,
quantify the problem by way
of generating numerical data
and explain the
phenomenon by way of
gathering numerical data or
data that can be analyzed using
statistical tools.
ACTIVITY
Think of words that are related to quality and quantity.

Quantity
Quality
Characteristics of a
A
Quantitative Research
Discussion
Strengths of Quantitative
B
Research

Weaknesses of
C
Quantitative Research

Kinds of Quantitative
D
Research
Quantitative Research
This type of research is used to examine the
relationship between variables, quantify
the problem by way of generating
numerical data and explain the phenomenon
by way of gathering numerical data or data that
can be analyzed using statistical tools.
CHARACTERISTICS OF A
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
• Call for measurable characteristics of the
population
• Standardized instruments to ensure accur
acy, reliability and validity of the data.
• Use of charts, tables, graphs and figures
CHARACTERISTICS OF A
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH

## • Follows the principle of random sampling

• Reinforce validity of findings (repetition of
methods)
• It puts emphasis on proof, rather than disco
very.
STRENGTHS OF A QUANTITATIVE
RESEARCH
• is the most reliable and valid way of conclu
ding results
• the results are more reliable and valid
• Quantitative experiments filter out external
factors.
Weaknesses of a
Quantitative Research
• Can be costly, difficult and time – cons
uming
• Requires extensive statistical treatment
• Also tend to turn out only proved or un
proved results
KINDS OF
QUANTITATIVE
RESEARCH
DESIGNS
RESEARCH DESIGNS

## Overall strategy that you choose in order to

integrate the different components of the
study in a coherent and logical way.
Constitutes the blueprint for the selection,
measurement and analysis of data
Note:
The research problem determines the research design you should use
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH DESIGN

## • Allows the researcher to control the situation

• “What causes something to occur?”
• Allows the researcher to identify cause and effect
relationship between variables and to distinguish
placebo effects from treatment effects.
• Provides the highest level of evidence for single
studies.
Pre – Experimental Research Design
• Applies to experimental designs with the least internal
validity

## Quasi – Experimental Research Design

• The researcher can collect more data, either by scheduling
more observations or finding more exciting measures

## True Experimental Design

• Controls for both time – related and group – related threats
.
Types Of Quasi – Experimental Research
Design
1. Non – Equivalent control group design – refers
to the chance failure of random assignment to equalize
the conditions by converting a true experiment into this
kind of design, for purposes of analysis.
2. Interrupted Time Series Design – employs multiple
measures before and after the experimental
intervention
NON – EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
DESIGN
The researcher observes the phenomena as
they occur naturally and no external variables are
introduced. The descriptive research design’s main
purpose it to observe, describe and document
aspects of a situation as it naturally occurs or for
theory development.
TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH DESIGN
1. Survey
2. Correlational
• Bivariate correlational studies
• Prediction studies
• Multiple Regression Prediction Studies
3. Ex – Post Facto Research Design
4. Comparative Design
5. Evaluative Research
6. Methodological
PRACTICE
LOOPING ACTIVITY

In a group compose of th
ree (3) members showcase
how you will apply the
concept of Inqu
iry and Research?
ENRICHMENT (GROUP ACTIVITY)
Differentiate qualitative and quantitative research in terms of
characteristics, strengths and weaknesses and kinds of quan
titative research.

QUALITATIVE QUANTITATIVE