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HFC-227ea

Flow Calculation Module


FIKE HFC-227ea
Design, Installation & Maintenance
2-Day Workshop & Training Class

HFC-227ea
Flow Calculation Module
Flow Calculation Program Overview

Version 4.00
ALL users must purchase Version 4.00 software key
and software license
P/N 02-14051 ($2,900.00 USD list)
Periodic updates available for download on our
website
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Version 4.00
– 64-bit software fully supports Windows 7 & 8
– Includes Impulse Valve technology
– Includes the new 150 LB cylinders
– Includes new pressure venting calculations
– Allows the selection of the old GCA containers
– Calculation routines complies with U.L. 2166 Standard
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Obsolete versions - v1.34, v2.00, v2.04, & v3.00
– Not in compliance with U.L. 2166 standard
– New systems calculated with these versions are not U.L.
listed or FM approved
– Does not support Fike 4BW containers

Note:
Obsolete version files will NOT run on new version 4.00
platform!!
Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Error Messages and Warning Flags


– Error messages will appear when system input is found
to be outside the bounds of the acceptable limits of the
program.
– Warning flags will show up after the calculations are
performed on the given system. These flags will
indicate results which are not in agreement with
acceptable system performance parameters.
Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum cylinder fill range exceeded.


– The initial fill density in the cylinder(s) is greater
than the maximum allowed.
Possible Corrections
1. Increase the container size.
2. Decrease the fill weight in the container.
3. Utilize a multiple container arrangement.
Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum cylinder fill range not exceeded.


– The initial fill density in the cylinder(s) is less than
the minimum allowed.
Possible Corrections
1. Decrease the container size.
2. Increase the fill weight in the container.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Cylinder filled to the nearest pound/half kg (rounding
up).
– Agent quantity supplied must be in whole pounds or half
kilogram increments. For multiple cylinder systems, the
total amount of agent must be evenly divisible by the
number of cylinders.
Possible Corrections
1. Return to the Adjust Agent Required screen and
manually increase the agent quantity in the New Agent
Amount field.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum percent agent in pipe is exceeded.
– The amount of agent in the pipe at a given time is
greater than 70% of the initial agent liquid volume
in the cylinder(s).
Possible Corrections
1. Reduce pipe size(s) throughout network.
2. Relocate cylinder(s) and/or nozzle(s) to reduce piping
runs.
Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum orifice area to pipe area ratio not exceeded.


– The ratio between the nozzle orifice area for a nozzle at
the given note and the pipe cross-sectional area for the
pipe segment preceding that nozzle is less than 0.2, or
20%.
Possible Corrections
1. Increase nozzle orifice size.
2. Decrease pipe size upstream of nozzle.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum orifice area to pipe area ratio exceeded.
– The ratio between the nozzle orifice area for a
nozzle at the given node and the pipe cross-
sectional area for the pipe segment preceding
that nozzle exceeds 0.8, or 80%
Possible Corrections
1. Reduce nozzle orifice size.
2. Increase pipe size upstream of nozzle.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Minimum percent agent before the first tee is not
exceeded.
– The amount of agent in the pipe before the first tee
[closest to the supply cylinder(s)] is less than the
required percent of the initial agent mass in the
cylinder(s).
Possible Corrections
1. Relocate cylinder(s) or re-route pipe run before the first tee.
2. Shift tee later in the network.
3. Increase pipe size before first tee.
4. Reduce total pipe volume by decreasing pipe sizes and
shortening pipe runs.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum discharge time exceeded.
– To insure rapid fire extinguishment and to limit the
generation of acid gas decomposition products, the
maximum discharge time must not be exceeded.
Possible Corrections Include:
1. Increase nozzle orifice size(s).
2. Utilize larger cylinder.
3. Utilize larger pipe(s).
4. Re-route pipe run(s) to reduce lengths.
5. Relocate nozzles to reduce pipe lengths.
6. Relocate cylinder(s) to reduce pipe lengths.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Minimum discharge time not exceeded.
– The minimum required discharge time for the
system was not exceeded.
Possible Corrections
1. Decrease nozzle orifice size(s).
2. Utilize smaller cylinder.
3. Utilize smaller pipe(s).
4. Re-route pipe run(s) to increase lengths.
5. Relocate nozzles to increase pipe lengths.
6. Relocate cylinder(s) to increase pipe lengths.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Predicted agent concentration is below minimum
design concentration.
– The quantity of agent must be at least 100% of the design
concentration required to insure effective fire extinguishment.
Possible Corrections
1. Increase pipe size for the hazard not getting enough
agent.
2. Increase nozzle orifice hole diameters for those serving
the hazard not getting enough agent.
3. Decrease the nozzle orifice hole diameters for those
serving the hazard getting too much agent.
4. Increase the agent quantity supplied to the hazard not
getting enough agent.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Cylinder vapor run out prior to nozzle liquid run out.
– This may occur when a nozzle in the system is placed
hydraulically closer to the cylinder than other nozzles.
Possible Corrections
1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out first or relocating
this nozzle to increase length of run (change nozzle type i.e.
180 degree versus 360 degree)
2. Decrease nozzle orifice hole diameter in the nozzle running
out first.
3. Increase nozzle orifice hold diameter in the nozzle(s) located
farther downstream.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Minimum average nozzle pressure violation at
nozzle X.
– The nozzle pressure must be a minimum of 55 psig (3.8 bar)
for the nozzle to effectively disperse the agent and mix the
agent into the air in the target room.
Possible Corrections
1. Decrease nozzle orifice size(s).
2. Increase pipe size(s) upstream of nozzle.
3. Utilize a larger container.
4. Re-route piping leading to nozzle or relocating nozzle to decrease
length of run (change nozzle type i.e. 180 degree versus 360
degree).
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum of 120 branches and 20 nozzles
exceeded.
– Input pipe network has more branches or nozzles
than are allowed by the software.
Possible Corrections
1. Divide the hazard into smaller, multiple systems.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Flow split at bull tee out of range.
– The flow split for the bull tee at the given node
exceeds the 75%/25% allowable split.
Possible Corrections
1. Adjust nozzle orifice size(s) to achieve allowable flow split.
2. Change tee type to achieve allowable flow split.
3. Change pipe sizes to alter the flow rate for the affected area.
4. Adjust agent quantity for the affected area.
Flow Calculation Program Overview

50% OUT 75% OUT

50% OUT 25% OUT


100% IN 100% IN
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Flow split at side tee out of range.
– The flow split for the side tee at the given node exceeds the
25% maximum allowed out the side outlet or does not
exceed the 10% required minimum.
Possible Corrections
1. Adjust nozzle orifice size(s) to achieve allowable flow split.
2. Change tee type to achieve allowable flow split.
3. Change pipe sizes to alter the flow rate for the affected area.
4. Adjust agent quantity for the affected area.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
100% IN

10% OUT 90% OUT 90% OUT


25% OUT 75% OUT 10%

100% IN 100% IN 100% IN

CORRECT
25% OUT 75% OUT 31% OUT 69% O
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Minimum flow rate not exceeded.
– The minimum flow rate for the pipe size of the
given branch is not exceeded.
Possible Corrections
1. Reduce pipe size of identified branch.
2. Utilize a larger cylinder to reduce the discharge time and
increase flow rate.
3. Increase nozzle orifice sizes to reduce the discharge time
and increase the flow rate.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
Pipe Size Table
Pipe Minimum
Size Design Flow
(NPS) Rate
3/8” 0.7 lbs./sec.
1/2” 1.0 lb./sec.
3/4” 2.0 lbs./sec.
1” 3.4 lbs./sec.
1-1/4” 5.8 lbs./sec.
1-1/2” 8.4 lbs./sec.
2” 13.0 lbs./sec.
2-1/2” 19.5 lbs./sec.
3” 33.0 lbs./sec.
4” 58.0 lbs./sec.
5” 95.0 lbs./sec.
6” 127.0 lbs./sec.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum arrival time imbalance exceeded between
nozzles X and Y.
– The difference between liquid arrival times at two
of the nozzles exceeds the 1.0 second allowed
maximum.
Possible Corrections
1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle arrived at first or relocating
this nozzle to increase length of pipe. Change nozzle type (i.e.
180 degree versus 360 degree) may help.
2. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle arrived at last or relocating
this nozzle to decrease length of pipe. Change nozzle type
(i.e. 180 degree versus 360 degree) may help.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Maximum run out time imbalance exceeded between
nozzles X and Y.
– The difference between nozzle liquid run out times at
two of the nozzles exceeds the 2.1 second allowed
maximum.
Possible Corrections
1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out first or relocating
nozzle to increase length of pipe.
2. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out last or relocating
nozzle to decrease length of pipe.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Choked flow feeding nozzle X.
– If the piping network leading to a nozzle is too
small relative to the nozzle orifice area, choked
flow may occur in that branch.
Possible Corrections
1. Check for branch too small to handle required flow error
for a branch feeding identified nozzle.
2. Increase feed pipe size(s) or reduce nozzle orifice area.
3. If more than one nozzle identified, check branches
feeding both.
Flow Calculation Program Overview
• Critical pipe length not exceeded.
– The length of pipe before and after a tee is less
than the 10 minimum diameters required.
Possible Corrections
1. Increase length of pipe segment.
2. Decrease size of pipe segment.
End of Section
Any Questions?