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FIKE HFC-227ea

Design, Installation & Maintenance

2-Day Workshop & Training Class

HFC-227ea

Flow Calculation Module

Flow Calculation Program Overview

Version 4.00

ALL users must purchase Version 4.00 software key

and software license

P/N 02-14051 ($2,900.00 USD list)

Periodic updates available for download on our

website

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Version 4.00

– 64-bit software fully supports Windows 7 & 8

– Includes Impulse Valve technology

– Includes the new 150 LB cylinders

– Includes new pressure venting calculations

– Allows the selection of the old GCA containers

– Calculation routines complies with U.L. 2166 Standard

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Obsolete versions - v1.34, v2.00, v2.04, & v3.00

– Not in compliance with U.L. 2166 standard

– New systems calculated with these versions are not U.L.

listed or FM approved

– Does not support Fike 4BW containers

Note:

Obsolete version files will NOT run on new version 4.00

platform!!

Flow Calculation Program Overview

– Error messages will appear when system input is found

to be outside the bounds of the acceptable limits of the

program.

– Warning flags will show up after the calculations are

performed on the given system. These flags will

indicate results which are not in agreement with

acceptable system performance parameters.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

– The initial fill density in the cylinder(s) is greater

than the maximum allowed.

Possible Corrections

1. Increase the container size.

2. Decrease the fill weight in the container.

3. Utilize a multiple container arrangement.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

– The initial fill density in the cylinder(s) is less than

the minimum allowed.

Possible Corrections

1. Decrease the container size.

2. Increase the fill weight in the container.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Cylinder filled to the nearest pound/half kg (rounding

up).

– Agent quantity supplied must be in whole pounds or half

kilogram increments. For multiple cylinder systems, the

total amount of agent must be evenly divisible by the

number of cylinders.

Possible Corrections

1. Return to the Adjust Agent Required screen and

manually increase the agent quantity in the New Agent

Amount field.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum percent agent in pipe is exceeded.

– The amount of agent in the pipe at a given time is

greater than 70% of the initial agent liquid volume

in the cylinder(s).

Possible Corrections

1. Reduce pipe size(s) throughout network.

2. Relocate cylinder(s) and/or nozzle(s) to reduce piping

runs.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

– The ratio between the nozzle orifice area for a nozzle at

the given note and the pipe cross-sectional area for the

pipe segment preceding that nozzle is less than 0.2, or

20%.

Possible Corrections

1. Increase nozzle orifice size.

2. Decrease pipe size upstream of nozzle.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum orifice area to pipe area ratio exceeded.

– The ratio between the nozzle orifice area for a

nozzle at the given node and the pipe cross-

sectional area for the pipe segment preceding

that nozzle exceeds 0.8, or 80%

Possible Corrections

1. Reduce nozzle orifice size.

2. Increase pipe size upstream of nozzle.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum percent agent before the first tee is not

exceeded.

– The amount of agent in the pipe before the first tee

[closest to the supply cylinder(s)] is less than the

required percent of the initial agent mass in the

cylinder(s).

Possible Corrections

1. Relocate cylinder(s) or re-route pipe run before the first tee.

2. Shift tee later in the network.

3. Increase pipe size before first tee.

4. Reduce total pipe volume by decreasing pipe sizes and

shortening pipe runs.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum discharge time exceeded.

– To insure rapid fire extinguishment and to limit the

generation of acid gas decomposition products, the

maximum discharge time must not be exceeded.

Possible Corrections Include:

1. Increase nozzle orifice size(s).

2. Utilize larger cylinder.

3. Utilize larger pipe(s).

4. Re-route pipe run(s) to reduce lengths.

5. Relocate nozzles to reduce pipe lengths.

6. Relocate cylinder(s) to reduce pipe lengths.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum discharge time not exceeded.

– The minimum required discharge time for the

system was not exceeded.

Possible Corrections

1. Decrease nozzle orifice size(s).

2. Utilize smaller cylinder.

3. Utilize smaller pipe(s).

4. Re-route pipe run(s) to increase lengths.

5. Relocate nozzles to increase pipe lengths.

6. Relocate cylinder(s) to increase pipe lengths.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Predicted agent concentration is below minimum

design concentration.

– The quantity of agent must be at least 100% of the design

concentration required to insure effective fire extinguishment.

Possible Corrections

1. Increase pipe size for the hazard not getting enough

agent.

2. Increase nozzle orifice hole diameters for those serving

the hazard not getting enough agent.

3. Decrease the nozzle orifice hole diameters for those

serving the hazard getting too much agent.

4. Increase the agent quantity supplied to the hazard not

getting enough agent.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Cylinder vapor run out prior to nozzle liquid run out.

– This may occur when a nozzle in the system is placed

hydraulically closer to the cylinder than other nozzles.

Possible Corrections

1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out first or relocating

this nozzle to increase length of run (change nozzle type i.e.

180 degree versus 360 degree)

2. Decrease nozzle orifice hole diameter in the nozzle running

out first.

3. Increase nozzle orifice hold diameter in the nozzle(s) located

farther downstream.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum average nozzle pressure violation at

nozzle X.

– The nozzle pressure must be a minimum of 55 psig (3.8 bar)

for the nozzle to effectively disperse the agent and mix the

agent into the air in the target room.

Possible Corrections

1. Decrease nozzle orifice size(s).

2. Increase pipe size(s) upstream of nozzle.

3. Utilize a larger container.

4. Re-route piping leading to nozzle or relocating nozzle to decrease

length of run (change nozzle type i.e. 180 degree versus 360

degree).

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum of 120 branches and 20 nozzles

exceeded.

– Input pipe network has more branches or nozzles

than are allowed by the software.

Possible Corrections

1. Divide the hazard into smaller, multiple systems.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Flow split at bull tee out of range.

– The flow split for the bull tee at the given node

exceeds the 75%/25% allowable split.

Possible Corrections

1. Adjust nozzle orifice size(s) to achieve allowable flow split.

2. Change tee type to achieve allowable flow split.

3. Change pipe sizes to alter the flow rate for the affected area.

4. Adjust agent quantity for the affected area.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

100% IN 100% IN

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Flow split at side tee out of range.

– The flow split for the side tee at the given node exceeds the

25% maximum allowed out the side outlet or does not

exceed the 10% required minimum.

Possible Corrections

1. Adjust nozzle orifice size(s) to achieve allowable flow split.

2. Change tee type to achieve allowable flow split.

3. Change pipe sizes to alter the flow rate for the affected area.

4. Adjust agent quantity for the affected area.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

100% IN

25% OUT 75% OUT 10%

CORRECT

25% OUT 75% OUT 31% OUT 69% O

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Minimum flow rate not exceeded.

– The minimum flow rate for the pipe size of the

given branch is not exceeded.

Possible Corrections

1. Reduce pipe size of identified branch.

2. Utilize a larger cylinder to reduce the discharge time and

increase flow rate.

3. Increase nozzle orifice sizes to reduce the discharge time

and increase the flow rate.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

Pipe Size Table

Pipe Minimum

Size Design Flow

(NPS) Rate

3/8” 0.7 lbs./sec.

1/2” 1.0 lb./sec.

3/4” 2.0 lbs./sec.

1” 3.4 lbs./sec.

1-1/4” 5.8 lbs./sec.

1-1/2” 8.4 lbs./sec.

2” 13.0 lbs./sec.

2-1/2” 19.5 lbs./sec.

3” 33.0 lbs./sec.

4” 58.0 lbs./sec.

5” 95.0 lbs./sec.

6” 127.0 lbs./sec.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum arrival time imbalance exceeded between

nozzles X and Y.

– The difference between liquid arrival times at two

of the nozzles exceeds the 1.0 second allowed

maximum.

Possible Corrections

1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle arrived at first or relocating

this nozzle to increase length of pipe. Change nozzle type (i.e.

180 degree versus 360 degree) may help.

2. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle arrived at last or relocating

this nozzle to decrease length of pipe. Change nozzle type

(i.e. 180 degree versus 360 degree) may help.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Maximum run out time imbalance exceeded between

nozzles X and Y.

– The difference between nozzle liquid run out times at

two of the nozzles exceeds the 2.1 second allowed

maximum.

Possible Corrections

1. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out first or relocating

nozzle to increase length of pipe.

2. Re-route pipe leading to nozzle running out last or relocating

nozzle to decrease length of pipe.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Choked flow feeding nozzle X.

– If the piping network leading to a nozzle is too

small relative to the nozzle orifice area, choked

flow may occur in that branch.

Possible Corrections

1. Check for branch too small to handle required flow error

for a branch feeding identified nozzle.

2. Increase feed pipe size(s) or reduce nozzle orifice area.

3. If more than one nozzle identified, check branches

feeding both.

Flow Calculation Program Overview

• Critical pipe length not exceeded.

– The length of pipe before and after a tee is less

than the 10 minimum diameters required.

Possible Corrections

1. Increase length of pipe segment.

2. Decrease size of pipe segment.

End of Section

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