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Rest

A body is said to

be at rest if its

position does not

change with

respect to its

surrounding with

time

Motion

A body is said to

be in motion if

its position

changes with

respect to its

surrounding with

time

Motion & Rest are Relative terms.

Animation

Point Object

as compare to its size then object is called

point object.

Frame of reference

•To measure position of an object we

require a co-ordinate system, this co-

ordinate system is called frame of

reference.

•There are three perpendicular axis in a

frame of reference X, Y & Z.

•All the distances are measure from

origin ‘O’ of the co-ordinate system

called reference point.

•For example position of point ‘P’ is

define by three co-ordinate (x, y, z).

If any one of the co-ordinate of point ‘P’ change with time then the

body is in motion with respect to the co-ordinate system.

Motion is of three types

1. One Dimension Motion

dimension motion. i.e.If only one co-ordinate of the co-ordinate

system change with time.

Example of One dimension Motion-

•Motion of a freely falling body if there is no wind.

•Motion of an aero plane on runway.

2. Two Dimension Motion

motion. i.e.If any two co-ordinate of the co-ordinate system

change with time.

•Motion of planets around the sun

•Motion of billiard ball on billiard table.

•Motion of a projectile.

3. Three Dimension Motion

If a body moves in space then its motion is called three

dimension motion. i.e.If all the three co-ordinate of the co-

ordinate system change with time.

Animation

Position measurement

•A particle moving along X-axis is one

dimension motion. Measurement to the right

of point ‘O’ is positive & measurement to

the left of point ‘O’ is negative.

Time Measurement

order to describe motion of a particle, it is necessary to choose

some instant of time as origin. This instant is assigned zero

value of time i.e. t = 0. It is not necessary that t = 0 is the

beginning of the motion. In fact t = 0 is the instant at we start

the study of motion of the particle. Unit of time is second,

minute, hour, day & year.

•Distance & Displacement

•Distance:-The length of the path travelled by a body is called

distance.It is a scalar quantity. Its SI unit is meter.

It depends on path followed by the body.

•Displacement: -Shortest distance between final position &

initial position of a moving body is called displacement. OR

the distance travelled by a body in a particular direction is

called displacement. It is a scalar quantity & SI unit is meter.

Indore 1 Ujjain 4

2

3

Difference between distance & Displacement

Distance Displacement

1. The total length of the path travelled 1.Shortest distance between final & initial

by the body is called distance. position is called displacement.

zero or positive. zero, negative or positive.

3. It depends on path followed by the 3. It is independent on path followed by

body so it is a path function. the body so it is not a path function.

i.e. distance between two point has a i.e. displacement between two point has a

many value. unique value.

or greater than the magnitude of the displacement.

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