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You are on page 1of 10

Previous example

A pipe in certain point has a velocity

probe measuring a steady value (no

time - varying) of 3 m/s, while a similar

probe at section 2 records 9 m/s.

Estimate the acceleration, if any, with a

distance of 2 m.

Topics overview

are examples to develop between

plates and pipe flow.

Viscosity

demonstration

A thin moving plate is separated from two

fixed plates by two fluids of unequal viscosity

and unequal spacing, as shown below. The

contact area is A. Determine a) the force

required, and b) is there a necessary relation

between the two viscosity values?

A block of weight W slides down an

inclined plane on a thin film of oil,

as in the figure at bottom. The film

contact area is A and its thickness

h. Assuming a linear velocity

distribution in the film, derive an

analytic expression for the terminal

velocity V of the block.

Viscosity

A large movable plate is located between

two large fixed plates as shown. Two

Newtonian fluids having the viscosities

indicated are contained between the

plates. Determinate the magnitude and

direction of the shearing stresses that

act on the fixed walls when the moving

plate has a velocity of 4 m/s as shown.

Assume that the velocity distribution

between

6m plates is linear.

m 4m/s

3m

m

Volume flow

The volume flow Q over a dam is proportional

to dam width B and also varies with gravity g

and excess water height H upstream, as

shown in Fig. P1.14. What is the only possible

dimensionally homogeneous relation for this

flow rate?

Shear stress

In Figure, if the fluid is glycerin at 20°C and

the width between plates is 6 mm, what

shear stress (in Pa) is required to move the

upper plate at V = 5.5 m/s?

taken to be the distance between plates?

Linear velocity

A shaft 6.00 cm in diameter and 40 cm long is

pulled steadily at V = 0.4 m/s through a

sleeve 6.02 cm in diameter. The clearance is

filled with oil, ν = 0.003 m2/s and SG = 0.88.

Estimate the force required to pull the shaft.

Linear velocity

An amazing number of commercial and

laboratory devices have been developed to

measure fluid viscosity. Consider a concentric

shaft, as the previous problem, but fixed

axially and rotated inside the sleeve. Let the

inner and outer cylinders have radio ri and

ro, respectively, with total sleeve length L.

Let the rotational rate be Ω (rad/s) and the

applied torque be M. Using these

parameters, derive a theoretical relation for

the viscosity μ of the fluid between the

cylinders.

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