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QUANTIFIERS

UNCOUNTABLE-NOUNS
• Little and a Little are used with non-count nouns, that is, such
that we can't express in number but in quantity, as an amount.

Form
(a) little + uncountable noun

For example:
 I have little milk in the fridge. It's almost finished.
(talking about the amount of something, as milk is measured in
some quantity, but not in number)

 I ate just a little. I don't eat much in the evening.


(talking about the quantity of food, food is not measured in
numbers, neither)
COUNTABLE-NOUNS
Generally, Few and A Few are used with count nouns,
therefore describing how big or small is the number of
things.
Form
- (a) few + plural countable noun

For example:
 Few people came to the party.
(talking about the number of people)

 I have already talked to a few people.


 Few – Little
Are used to express a negative idea. We mean unsatisfactory number or amount
of something, not enough

Consider the examples:

- I feel sorry for her. She has (very) few friends.


(Negative idea: She does not have many friends; she has almost no friends.)

- There was few biscuits.

- I have (very) little money. I don't even have enough money to buy food for dinner.
(Negative idea: I do not have much money; I have almost no money.)

- There was little coffee.

Note: the use of very (+few/little) makes the negative stronger, the number/amount
smaller.
 A Few - A Little
We have a positive idea. That is, we mean the number or amount of
something is satisfactory. Maybe not so many or not so much, but enough.

Consider these examples:

- She has been here only two weeks, but she has already made a few friends.
(Positive idea: She has made some friends already.)

- There was a few biscuits.

- I'm very pleased. I've been able to save a little money this month. (Positive
idea: I have saved some money instead of spending all of it.)

- There was a little coffee.


A few/ a little give a positive idea; they indicate that something exists, is
present, as in the examples above.
Note:
If we use a few or a little before a pronoun or
determiner, we use of.

Examples:
- A few of them went to the cinema.
- He only kept a little of his money with him.
Making comparisons

The comparative form of "few" is fewer, and the comparative


form of "little" is less.
Remember: use "fewer" for plural countable nouns, and "less" for
uncountable nouns.

For example,
"There are fewer people here than last year" or "He drinks less
coffee than I do".
It is grammatically incorrect to say "There are less people here
than last year", as "people" is a plural countable noun.
 A LOT OF , LOTS OF

These two expressions both mean a great deal of or several. They are used
before a count or non-count noun. These two expressions tend to be used in
informal English.

- Form:
A lot of - Lots of + singular or plural name

Examples:

- He's got lots of books.

- I've got a lot of experience at work.

- We have seen a lot of changes in this company

- There are lots of job opportunities in this country.


LOT OF
• Use a lot at the end of a sentence as an adverb. A
lot is NOT followed by a noun. The meaning is the
same as a great deal.

Examples:
• I enjoy swimming a lot.
• Mary seems to travel a lot.
ENOUGH

Form:
 adjective or adverb + enough
 enough + noun
 enough + of + pronoun/determiner

Usage:
1. We use enough to mean sufficient.

Examples:
• Your clothes are big enough to fit me.
• You've done enough work. You can stop now.
• Have you got enough money to buy me a drink?
2. We use enough in negative sentences to mean
less than sufficient or less than necessary.

You're not working fast enough, you won't finish on


time.

Sorry, I haven't got enough food for everyone.


Not enough of my friends are coming to the party.
3. We can use enough without a noun if
the meaning is clear.

There's a lot of food but not enough for


everyone.
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