You are on page 1of 27

PROPERTIES OF

MATTER AND ITS


CHEMICAL
STRUCTURE
I. INTRODUCTION
WHAT TO LEARN?
Introduce chemical bonding in a compound and
molecule.
Models will be used visually represents compounds
and molecules
The relationship between chemical structure and
properties.
Explores detail the differences between ionic and
covalent bond
WHAT TO LEARN?
Differences between polar and non-polar
molecules.
Also covers application of the chemical
properties and some biochemical compounds.
Intermolecular forces, applications of the
chemical properties and their uses as well as
some biochemical compounds.
II. LEARNING
COMPETENCIES/
OBJECTIVES
1. Determine if a Molecule is polar or non-polar
given its structure.
2.Relate the polarity of a molecule to its
properties.
3.Describe the general types of intermolecular
forces.
4.Give the type of intermolecular forces in the
properties of substances.
5.Explain the effect of intermolecular forces on
the properties of substances.
6. Explain how the uses of the following materials
depend on their properties:
a. medical implants, prosthesis
b. sports equipment
c. electronic devices
d. construction supplies for buildings and
furniture
e. household gadgets
7. Explain how the properties of the
above materials are determined by their
structure.
8. Determine the properties and
functions of biological macromolecules
such as carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic
acid, and protein.
III. READING RESOURCES
AND INTRUCTIONAL
ACTIVITIES
ATOM’S
BEHAVIOR
MATTER
- The thing that forms
physical objects and occupies
space.
SUB ATOMIC PARTICLES OF
MATTER
• Electrons
• Protons
• Neutrons
Remember!!!
The number of electron
is similar with the atomic
number of element. And
specifically, electrons are
orbiting outside the nucleus
of an atom.
Electrons are
distributed in the
atom’s energy
shell or level
called the ORBIT.
Electron

HYDROGEN (H)
Atomic number
=1
First electron shell (can hold
two (2) electrons)

Outermost
electron shell
(can hold eight
(8) electrons)

CARBON (c)
Atomic
number
=6
NITROGEN (N)
Atomic number
=7
OXYGEN (O)
Atomic number
=8
CHEMICAL BOND
DETERMINES
CHEMICAL
STRUCTURE
Chemical bonds holds atoms
together to form more complex
molecule.
It is simply a force that holds atoms
together to form structures that are
physically and chemically unique.
Chemical structure is the
arrangement of atoms in a substance
or is simply the way atoms are
bonded to form a compound.
Chemical structure of a compound
determines the properties of a
compound.
TYPES OF
CHEMICAL
BOND
2 Basic Types of
Chemical Bond

Covalent Bond
Ionic Bond
Covalent Bond
• Compounds that are made of molecules like
water and sugar have COVALENT BOND
• Formed when two non-metal atom
share electrons.
• Atom may share more than one
pair of electron.
Ionic Bond
• Atom of metals like SODIUM form positively
charged ions while atoms of non-metal like
CHLORINE form negatively charged ions.
• One of the atoms gains electron that the
other one loses.
TYPES OF COVALENT
MOLECULES

A.POLAR COVALENT MOLECULES

B.NON-POLAR COVALENT
MOLECULES
A. POLAR COVALENT
MOLECULES

These molecule are formed


when electrons are not always
shared equally because their
electronegativities are not equal.
B. NON-POLAR COVALENT
MOLECULES

These molecule are formed


when electrons are shared
equally on when
electronegativities of the two
atoms are equal.
THANK
YOU!!!