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Contents

What is Computer ?
Data & Information
Data Processing
Levels of Data Processing
Data Processing Life Cycle
Computer
 Is an electronic device that is used to
solve the various problems of the user
according to a set of instruction given
to it.

 Electronic device that accept data,


process data according to the given
instructions and then provide useful
information.

 Computer word is derived from word


“compute” that means to calculate.
Data
 The word “Data” refers to facts concerning things,
people, objects etc.

 Therefore, Collection of raw facts and figures


collected for a specific purpose, is called data.

 Any thing before processing

 Isolated facts
Types of Data

Data

Alphanumeric
Numeric Alphabetic Images
Information
The processed data is called information

Data Processing

Information
Difference b/w
Data Information
 Isolated Facts  Organized Facts

 Input  Output

 Before processing  After Processing

 Marks  GPA
Data Processing
 Process of converting data into useful
information.
 Data is the input of the processing system
 Ex.
If we want to get a list of all those students
who got A grade, we will apply some
processing on marks of the students. This
process will give us new information in the
form of desired list
Levels of Data Processing

Electronical

Mechanical

Manual
Manual Data Processing
Mechanical Data Processing
Electronic Data Processing
Data Processing Life Cycle
Collection of steps required to convert data
into useful information.

Processing
Input Output
Steps of Data Processing Life Cycle

Feedback Collection

Output Classification

Processing Input

Storing Verification

Coding
Any question